Studénka (Czech pronunciation: [ˈstudɛːŋka]; German: Stauding) is a town in Nový Jičín District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 9,300 inhabitants. The town is situated on both sides of the historical border between Moravia and Silesia.

Studénka
Main square
Main square
Flag of Studénka
Coat of arms of Studénka
Studénka is located in Czech Republic
Studénka
Studénka
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°43′24″N 18°4′43″E / 49.72333°N 18.07861°E / 49.72333; 18.07861Coordinates: 49°43′24″N 18°4′43″E / 49.72333°N 18.07861°E / 49.72333; 18.07861
Country Czech Republic
RegionMoravian-Silesian
DistrictNový Jičín
First mentioned1436
Government
 • MayorLibor Slavík
Area
 • Total30.92 km2 (11.94 sq mi)
Elevation
239 m (784 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total9,277
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
742 13
Websitewww.mesto-studenka.cz

Administrative partsEdit

 
View from the castle with the Church of Saint Bartholomew

The town part of Butovice and the village of Nová Horka are administrative parts of Studénka.

GeographyEdit

Studénka is situated on both sides of the historical border between Moravia and Silesia; Butovice and Nová Horka lies in Moravia and the town proper in Silesia. Studénka is located about 13 kilometres (8 mi) northeast of Nový Jičín and 17 kilometres (11 mi) southwest of Ostrava.

Studénka lies in the Moravian Gate on the left bank of the Oder River. Two sets of fish ponds are located in the municipal territory.

HistoryEdit

The first written mention of Studénka is from 1436. The village of Butovice was first mentioned in 1324 and Nová Horka in 1374. For centuries, Studénka was an agricultural village, and its population was Czech; Butovice was focused on cattle breeding and pond farming and had a predominantly German population.[2]

In 1467–1569, Studénka was owned by the lords of Fulštejn, then it was owned by the Pražma of Bílkov family, who joined it to the Bílovec estate. After the Bohemian Revolt, the properties of the family were confiscated, and in 1634 the village was acquired by Václav of Vrbno, who joined it to the Fulnek estate. In the 18th century, Studénka was bought by the Mönnich family, and in the 19th century it was inherited by the Wahlstatt family.[2]

In 1881 and 1890, the railway lines Studénka–Štramberk and Studénka–Bílovec were opened, and in 1900, a factory for the production of railway cars was established. The factory became the main employer in the region and contributed to the development of the village.[2]

In 1959, until then an independent municipality Butovice was merged with Studénka and Studénka obtained the statute of a town.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18693,817—    
18803,971+4.0%
18904,264+7.4%
19004,889+14.7%
19105,946+21.6%
YearPop.±%
19216,673+12.2%
19307,105+6.5%
19505,685−20.0%
19617,627+34.2%
197010,173+33.4%
YearPop.±%
198010,790+6.1%
199110,736−0.5%
200110,505−2.2%
20119,594−8.7%
20218,981−6.4%
Source: Censuses[4][5]

EconomyEdit

The traditional production of railway cars ended in 2006 and the Vagónka Studénka company was restructuralized. Since 2006, the factory has been a manufacturer of metal products known as MSV Metal Studénka.[6]

TransportEdit

Studénka lies on the international railway line between Kraków and Prague, and was the scene of the 2008 Studénka train wreck and the 2015 Studénka train crash.

SportEdit

SK Studénka is a Czech handball club which plays in the top tier. The football club MSV Studénka and ice hockey club HC Studénka play in the lower amateur tiers.

SightsEdit

 
New Castle

The Studénka Castle is formed by two Baroque buildings, known as Old Castle and New Castle. The Old Castle was built in 1705 and the New Castle in 1750. A tower was added in 1860–1863. Today the castle is used for cultural and commercial purposes and houses ceremonial hall, library, elementary art school, and Railway Cars Museum.[7]

The most valuable sacral building is the parish Church of Saint Bartholomew. It was built in neo-Gothic style in 1880 on the site of an older wooden church from the early 16th century.[8]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Studénka is twinned with:[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ a b c "Historie Studénky" (in Czech). Město Studénka. Retrieved 2022-02-15.
  3. ^ "Povinné informace: 2. Důvod a způsob založení" (in Czech). Město Studénka. Retrieved 2022-02-15.
  4. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Nový Jičín" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 7–8.
  5. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  6. ^ "About Us". MSV Metal Studénka, a. s. Retrieved 2022-02-15.
  7. ^ "Starý a nový zámek" (in Czech). Město Studénka. Retrieved 2022-02-15.
  8. ^ "Farní kostel sv. Bartoloměje" (in Czech). Město Studénka. Retrieved 2022-02-15.
  9. ^ "Miasta partnerskie" (in Polish). Dąbrowa Górnicza. Retrieved 2022-02-15.

External linksEdit