Stroud City Hall
" Oklahoma Winery Grape Capitol "
Location of Stroud, Oklahoma
|• Total||12.53 sq mi (32.45 km2)|
|• Land||11.46 sq mi (29.67 km2)|
|• Water||1.07 sq mi (2.78 km2)|
|Elevation||886 ft (270 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||235.66/sq mi (90.99/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1098587|
Stroud was founded in 1892 and named for James W. Stroud, a developer. Early in its history, Stroud lay in Oklahoma Territory, where alcoholic drinks could be sold legally. Towns close to the boundary between Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were known as "whiskey towns," and had a reputation as a "wild" town due to its many saloons and other businesses catering to thirsty cowboys and travelers arriving from "dry" Indian Territory. These days were short-lived, however, because Oklahoma statehood in 1907, forced Stroud to become "dry" as well.
During the first decade of the 20th Century, Stroud's economy was based on cotton farming in the surrounding countryside. The population at statehood was 1,312. By 1909, Stroud had two banks, two newspapers, four cotton gins, and a cottonseed-oil mill, but the 1910 census showed population declined to 1,220.
On March 27, 1915 Stroud became the victim of a legendary outlaw: "Henry Starr, along with six other men, decided to rob two banks at the same time... The [Stroud] robbery would prove... disastrous for Henry Starr. Proceeding to rob the Stroud National Bank and the First National Bank, word of the holdup spread quickly and the citizens took up arms against the bandits. Henry and another outlaw named Lewis Estes were wounded and captured in the gun battle. The rest of the gang escaped with $5815...". Henry was sentenced to prison at the Oklahoma State Penitentiary, but was paroled after serving only four years.
The town became quiet until about 1926 when U.S. Route 66 was built. When construction of the highway was completed, Stroud became a rest stop with amenities such as motels, gas stations and restaurants. The Rock Café, built during the Great Depression using local sandstone removed during the construction of Route 66, operated 24 hours a day during its 1950s heyday. Business diminished after the Turner Turnpike diverted cross-country traffic from the town's main street.
Stroud was devastated by the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak, which destroyed the town's 53-store Tanger Outlet Center, as well as a distribution center owned by foodservice company Sygma. Neither of these facilities were rebuilt; the resulting loss of 800 jobs caused a significant amount of economic distress to the town.
In 2001, Pixar crews visited to research US 66 for the animated film Cars, at a time when the town economy was still attempting to recover from the 1999 tornado, and the Rock Café was undergoing historic restoration. The character of Radiator Springs hotelier Sally Carrera is heavily based on Rock Café proprietor Dawn Welch and her efforts to promote and rebuild the town. A fire gutted the restaurant on May 20, 2008 but the grill and the original stone walls survived. The Rock Café was rebuilt by historic preservationist David Burke; Dawn Welch reopened the business on May 29, 2009.
Stroud is located at (35.759098, -96.652162).
Stroud Lake, located about 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of the city, not only offers recreational opportunities, but is also the location of the Wilderness Challenge Center of the Oklahoma Foundation for the Disabled. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.5 square miles (32.3 km²), of which, 11.5 square miles (29.8 km²) of it is land and 1.0 square miles (2.6 km²) of it (7.93%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,758 people, 1,139 households, and 731 families residing in the city. The population density was 239.9 people per square mile (92.6/km²). There were 1,325 housing units at an average density of 115.3 per square mile (44.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.72% White, 3.66% African American, 8.45% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 3.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.45% of the population.
There were 1,139 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,222, and the median income for a family was $31,742. Males had a median income of $26,076 versus $18,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,010. About 12.3% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.6% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.
Currently, Stroud is enjoying recovery due to increased economic activity in the oil and gas sectors, and is home to Service King, a manufacturer of oilfield workover rigs. Additionally, tourism and agriculture contribute to the local economy, including the emergence of locally produced wines, and affiliated businesses. International tourists are frequently found travelling historic U.S. 66, the main street of Stroud's downtown area. Stroud continues to exploit its location as the centerpoint between Oklahoma City and Tulsa. The city also owns Stroud Midway Industrial Park.
The Sac and Fox national headquarters is located about 5 miles (8.0 km) south of the city and is one of the area's largest employers.
Stroud has a city manager-council form of government.
Thomas G. Andrews lived in Stroud from 1911 until 1918, while serving as City Attorney and subsequently as Lincoln County Attorney. He later became an Associate Judge of the Oklahoma Supreme Court.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2012.[dead link]
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Beltz, Danny R. "Stroud." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed April 21, 2018
- "Outlines of Oklahoma". The Wichita Daily Eagle. Wichita, Kansas. September 3, 1901. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.
Last week, after the riat [sic] at Stroud, a sign was painted and stuck up on one of the prominent corners which read: 'Nigger, don't let the sun go down on U.'
- "Stroud, Oklahoma- Hell Raising in the 19th Century". Retrieved 2008-07-04.
- Price, Marie (1999). "Stroud struggling to survive". The Journal Record.[permanent dead link]
- "Stroud Café Reopens After Fire". KOTV 6 Tulsa, Oklahoma. May 2009.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Andrews, Thomas Galphin" (sic). In: Makers of Government in Oklahoma. 1930. Victor E. Harlow, ed., p. 344. Harlow Publishing Co. Oklahoma City. Accessed April 20, 2018.