Stroke count method

Keyboard of a Chinese mobile phone, showing roles of the numbers 1–5 in the Wubihua method

The Stroke Count Method (simplified Chinese: 笔画; pinyin: bǐ huà), Wubihua method, Stroke input method or Bihua IME (Chinese: 五笔画输入法; pinyin: wǔ bǐhuà shūrù fǎ or Chinese: 筆劃輸入法; pinyin: Bǐhuà shūrù fǎ) (lit. 5-stroke input method) is a relatively simple Chinese input method for writing text on a computer or a mobile phone. It is based on the stroke order of a word, not pronunciation.[1] It uses five or six buttons, and is often placed on a numerical keypad. Although it is possible to input Traditional Chinese characters with this method, this method is often associated with Simplified Chinese characters. The Wubihua method should not be confused with the Wubi method.

Each of the five keys from 1 to 5 are assigned a certain type of stroke (resembling the Eight Principles of Yong):

  1. A horizontal stroke from left to right (一)
  2. A vertical stroke from top to bottom (丨)
  3. A long diagonal stroke downward from right to left (丿)
  4. A very short dash stroke downward from left to right (丶)
  5. A horizontal stroke from left to right, ending with a downwards hook to the left (乙)

To input any character, the user simply presses the keys corresponding to the strokes of a character then select from a list of matching characters. The list of suggestions to choose from becomes more and more specific as more digits of the code are entered.[1] The system will not recognize a character input with an incorrect stroke order.[1] Some people find this method of entering characters into a mobile phone to be faster than pinyin. In fact, as pinyin is based upon Mandarin Chinese, many Chinese people - particularly in the southern regions of China like Hong Kong and Macau - who speak other varieties of Chinese and never learned pinyin relied solely on this method of entering characters on their phones, until touchscreen-based Smartphones allowed the possibility of Handwriting recognition.

Wubihua is one of the easiest to learn methods because it is simple and does not require knowledge of pronunciation or Pinyin. However, it tends to be vague, as a Wubihua code will normally match ten characters, and each character has one correct code, which confuses users whose stroke orders are wrong.

Strokes map to Wubihua input generally according to the following table:

Wubihua Character Stroke Type Stroke Examples
(simplified Chinese and pinyin)
1 Horizontal, or Rising Cjk m str h.svgCjk m str sh.svg Héng
Cjk m str u.svg
2 Vertical Cjk m str v.svgCjk m str sv.svg Shù
Cjk m str vj.svg 竖钩 Shù Gōu
3 Falling to the Left Cjk m str t.svgCjk m str wt.svg Piě
4 Dot, or Falling to the Right Cjk m str d.svgCjk m str ld.svg Diǎn
Cjk m str p.svgCjk m str fp.svg
Cjk m str up.svgCjk m str hp.svg 提捺 Tí Nà
5 Turning Cjk m str hv.svg 横折 Héng Zhé
Cjk m str ht.svg 横撇 Héng Piě
Cjk m str hj.svg 横钩 Héng Gōu
Cjk m str vh.svgCjk m str svh.svg 竖折 Shù Zhé
Cjk m str va.svg 竖弯 Shù Wān
Cjk m str vu.svg 竖提 Shù Tí
Cjk m str th.svgCjk m str tu.svg 撇折 Piě Zhé
Cjk m str td.svg 撇点 Piě Diǎn
Cjk m str tj.svg 撇钩 Piě Gōu
Cjk m str cj.svg 弯钩 Wān Gōu
Cjk m str pj.svg 斜钩 Xié Gōu
Cjk m str hvh.svg 横折折 Héng Zhé Zhé
Cjk m str ha.svg 横折弯 Héng Zhé Wān
Cjk m str hvu.svg 横折提 Héng Zhé Tí
Cjk m str hvj.svgCjk m str utj.svg 横折钩 Héng Zhé Gōu
Cjk m str hpj.svg 横斜钩 Héng Xié Gōu
Cjk m str vhv.svg 竖折折 Shù Zhé Zhé
Cjk m str vht.svgCjk m str tht.svg 竖折撇 Shù Zhé Piě
Cjk m str vaj.svg 竖弯钩 Shù Wān Gōu
Cjk m str hvhv.svg 横折折折 Héng Zhé Zhé Zhé
Cjk m str htht.svg 横折折撇 Héng Zhé Zhé Piě
Cjk m str htaj.svg 横折弯钩 Héng Zhé Wān Gōu
Cjk m str htcj.svg 横撇弯钩 Héng Piě Wān Gōu
Cjk m str vhtj.svgCjk m str thtj.svg 竖折折钩 Shù Zhé Zhé Gōu
Cjk m str hthtj.svg 横折折折钩 Héng Zhé Zhé Zhé Gōu

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Wicentowski, Joe (1994). "Wubihua for Speakers of English". Yale University. Retrieved 10 October 2013.

External linksEdit