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Streptopelia is a genus of birds in the dove family. The name Streptopelia is from Ancient Greek streptos, "collar" and peleia, "dove".[1] These are mainly slim, small to medium-sized species. The upperparts tend to be pale brown, and the underparts are often a shade of pink. Many have a characteristic black-and-white patch on the neck, and monotonous cooing songs.

Tourterelle turque.jpg
The Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto) is a typical and widespread member of the collared doves
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Subfamily: Columbinae
Genus: Streptopelia
Bonaparte, 1855

Around 15, see text

Like this Oriental turtle dove, the turtle doves typically have a "scaled" neck and wing pattern

The heartland of this genus is Africa, but several species occur in tropical southern Asia. As a group, this genus is highly successful; many species are abundant in a range of habitats in the tropics, and two now have a much more extensive distribution.

The Eurasian collared dove, Streptopelia decaocto, naturally expanded out of its original range of the warmer temperate regions from south east Europe to Japan to colonise the rest of Europe, reaching as far west as Great Britain by 1960, and Ireland soon after. It has also been introduced into the US and, as of 1999 it had been reported from 22 states and was still spreading rapidly.

A DNA sequence analysis has concluded that the genus consists of three distinct lineages. One contains the laughing dove and the spotted dove, which have long been recognized as having distinct morphology and behavior. The second group contains most of the other species, except the Malagasy turtle dove and the pink pigeon, which appear to be the surviving species of an endemic Madagascar/Mascarenes radiation and have at times been placed in other genera. The two-species lineages appear to be each other's closest relatives and cannot be firmly assigned to either Columba or Streptopelia (although overall they seem to be close to the latter). Thus, it might be best to split the two minor lineages off as distinct genera, namely Spilopelia for the first (which although not having priority over Stigmatopelia, which occurs earlier on the page,[2] is chosen on the first reviser principle) and Nesoenas for the last.[3]



Streptopelia decaocto

Streptopelia roseogrisea

Streptopelia decipiens


Streptopelia capicola

Streptopelia vinacea

Streptopelia semitorquata


Streptopelia hypopyrrha

Streptopelia turtur

Streptopelia orientalis

Streptopelia bitorquata

Streptopelia tranquebarica




Nesoenas mayeri

Nesoenas picturata


Spilopelia chinensis

Spilopelia senegalensis


Phylogenetic position based on Johnson et al. (2001).[3]
The Spilopelia group (here: spotted dove, S. chinensis) has a multi-spotted neck pattern, unlike other Old World doves
The Nesoenas group (here: Malagasy turtle dove, N. picturatus/S. picturata) has a reddish hue and no conspicuous neck pattern; they are found in the Madagascar region

Genus Streptopelia

The genera Spilopelia and Nesoenas have sometimes been placed in Streptopelia, but have since been separated out, as this makes the genus polyphyletic.

Genus Spilopelia

Genus Nesoenas


  1. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 367. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  2. ^ Sundevall, Carl (1872). Methodi naturalis avium disponendarum tentamen. Försök till fogelklassens naturenliga uppställnung. Stockholm: Samson and Wallin. p. 100.
  3. ^ a b Johnson KP, De Kort S, Dinwoodey K, Mateman AC, Ten Cate C, Lessells CM, Clayton DH (2001). "A molecular phylogeny of the dove genera Streptopelia and Columba" (PDF). Auk. 118 (4): 874–887. doi:10.1642/0004-8038(2001)118[0874:AMPOTD]2.0.CO;2.

  Media related to Nesoenas at Wikimedia Commons   Media related to Spilopelia at Wikimedia Commons