Streight's Raid

Streight's Raid (19 April 19 – 3 May 3 1863) took place in northern Alabama during the American Civil War. It was led by Union Army Col. Abel Streight and opposed by Confederate Brig. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest. Streight's goal was to destroy parts of the Western and Atlantic Railroad, which was supplying the Confederate Army of Tennessee. The raid was poorly supplied and planned, and ended with the defeat of Streight and his 1,700 men at Cedar Bluff, Alabama, by Forrest who bluffed his opponent into surrendering to his 500 men.[1] Streight was additionally hindered by locals throughout his march, while pursued by Forrest, who had the advantage of home territory and the sympathy and aid of the local populace, most famously Emma Sansom.

Streight's Raid
Part of American Civil War
Streight's Raid route.png
Map of locations involved in Streight's Raid
Date19 April – 3 May 1863
Location
Result Confederate victory
Belligerents
Confederate States of America Confederate States United States United States
Commanders and leaders
Nathan B. Forrest Abel Streight
Strength
500 1,700
Casualties and losses
65 1,547

RaidEdit

The actual capture of Streight's forces was achieved by a clever ruse, when Forrest paraded his much smaller force back and forth in front of Streight, convincing him that he was opposed by a superior force. After surrendering and being informed of the deception Streight reputedly demanded his arms back for a proper fight, a request cheerfully declined by Forrest.

This unsuccessful raid was coordinated with the more famous Grierson's Raid, partially as a feint to confuse the Confederate forces.

Union losses were 12 killed, 69 wounded, and 1,466 captured, for a total of 1,547.[2]

Chronology of events of Streight's Raid in 1863Edit

 
Nathan B. Forrest
  • Nashville, Tennessee (April 7–10) — proceeded by river
  • Palmyra, Tennessee (April 11–13) — proceeded on foot
  • Yellow Creek, Tennessee (April 13–14) — proceeded on foot
  • Fort Henry, Tennessee (April 15–17) — proceeded by river
  • Eastport, Mississippi (April 19–21) — proceeded either by foot or river
  • Bear Creek/River, Mississippi (April 22) — proceeded on foot the rest of the way
  • Tuscumbia, Alabama (April 24–26)
  • Mount Hope, Alabama (April 27–28)
  • Moulton, Alabama (April 28)
  • Day's Gap, Alabama (April 29–30)
  • Battle of Day's Gap (April 30)
  • Skirmish at Crooked Creek (April 30)
  • Skirmish at Hog Mountain (April 30)
  • Arrival at Blountsville (May 1)
  • Skirmishes at Blountsville (May 1)
  • Skirmishes at the East Branch of the Black Warrior River (May 1)
  • Skirmishes at the crossing of Black Creek, near Gadsden (May 2)
  • Damaged ammunition while crossing Will's Creek, near Gadsden (May 2)
  • Gadsden, Alabama (May 2)
  • Blount's plantation, about 15 miles from Gadsden (May 2)
  • Skirmishes at/near Blount's Plantation, Cherokee County (May 2–3)
  • Centre, Alabama (May 3)
  • Cedar Bluff, Alabama (May 3)
  • Surrender to Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest, 3 miles east of Cedar Bluff, Alabama (May 3)
  • Taken to Richmond, Virginia, as prisoners of war

Union order of battleEdit

 
Abel Streight

Colonel Abel D. Streight[2]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Streight's Raid", Encyclopedia of Alabama website. Accessed July 10, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Dyer 1908, p. 663.

ReferencesEdit

  • Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Campaigns, Etc. in Alabama. Des Moines, Iowa: Dyer Publishing Co. pp. 663–664. Retrieved August 4, 2020.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) The :ightning Mule Brigade, R L Willett

External linksEdit