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The Stormberg is a range of mountains situated in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa, are an easterly extension of the Bamboesberge and form an outlier of the greater Drakensberg mountain range. They form part of the 'Amatola and Stormberg' region which includes major towns like Grahamstown, East London and Port Alfred. Towns in the Stormberg Mountains include Jamestown, Molteno, Dordrecht, Barkly East, Rhodes and Steynsburg. South Africa's only ski resort, Tiffindell, is also situated in these mountains.

Stormberg Mountains
View south to Stormberg - panoramio.jpg
View from the north
Highest point
Coordinates31°26′51″S 26°43′3″E / 31.44750°S 26.71750°E / -31.44750; 26.71750Coordinates: 31°26′51″S 26°43′3″E / 31.44750°S 26.71750°E / -31.44750; 26.71750
Geography
Stormberg Mountains is located in South Africa
Stormberg Mountains
Stormberg Mountains
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceEastern Cape
Geology
OrogenyKaapvaal craton
Age of rockNeoarchean to early Paleoproterozoic
Type of rockBushveld igneous complex, sandstone

GeologyEdit

Geologically, the mountains form part of the Stormberg Series of the Karoo System where some of the only workable coal seams in the Cape are to be found.[1] These coal fields are being explored for possible coal bed methane extraction.[2]

HistoryEdit

These mountains - like all of South Africa - was originally home to the Khoisan hunter gatherers. The Nguni migrations saw the arrival of the Xhosa herders from the north and the displacement of the Khoisan. The subsequent arrival of the Cape colonists in the area resulted in a series of 'frontier wars' which led to the region's incorporation into the Cape Colony.

During the Second Boer War, this was the site of the Battle of Stormberg, fought on 9 December 1899.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gibson, Walcot (1908). "XV. Coal fields of Africa, India, Australia and South America". The geology of coal and coal-mining. London: E. Arnold. pp. 282, 283. Retrieved 2009-12-24.
  2. ^ "Background Information and Project Motivation". Badimo Gas. Archived from the original on 4 September 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2009.