Stopan (Serbian Cyrillic: Стопан) is a village in the Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kotor Varoš Municipality, Šiprage local community. At the census in 1991, Stopan had a population of 346. According to preliminary results of the census 2013 there were 119 citizens.[1]

Stopan
Village
Stopan is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Stopan
Stopan
Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°29′02″N 17°33′49″E / 44.4839°N 17.5636°E / 44.4839; 17.5636
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
MunicipalityKotor Varoš
Highest elevation
680 m (2,230 ft)
Lowest elevation
660 m (2,170 ft)
Population
 (1991)
 • Total346

GeographyEdit

Stopan is located on the pass (altitude about 680 m) sandwiched between Crkvenica and Stopanski river, right tributaries of Vrbanja river. From this village to Šiprage there is a mostly gravel local road, length of about 8 km.[2]

Stopan used to be a relatively big village in Šiprage's area, with drinking water and orchards, domestic fruit products and hospitality.

HistoryEdit

During World War II, the village took part in the defense forces and was a significant partisan jump refuge. In January 1944, it received a large number of wounded partisans, who were evacuated from the Divisional Hospital in the gorge of Demićka, near Šiprage, during the sixth enemy offensive. Because of the distance of the main local communications, Stopan was a safer refuge for the civilian inhabitants of surrounding localities.[3]

During the War in Bosnia (1992-1995), army, police and paramilitary forces of the Republika Srpska destroyed the surrounding Bosniak villages, especially those upstream of Vrbanja to Kruševo Brdo as well as those downstream to Banja Luka.[4] Local inhabitants were being killed, and the majority were expelled. After 1996, most Bosniak villages in Šiprage community were partly restored, thanks to the BELUGA battalion of the EUFOR-SFOR Mission.[5] The only mosque in the wide area was renewed.[6]

PopulationEdit

Stopan[7]
Census year 1991 1981 1971
Bosniaks 211 (60.98%) 177 (46.46%) 194 (47.67%)
Serbs 133 (38.44%) 174 (45.67%) 204 (50.12%)
Croats 1 (0.29%) 1 (0.26%) 1 (0.25)
Yugoslavians 29 (7.61)
Slovenians 2 (0.49)
Other and unknown 1 (0.29%) 6 (1.47%)
Total 346 381 407

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Općina Kotor Varoš". nasbih.com. Archived from the original on 22 September 2015.
  2. ^ Vojnogeografski institut, Izd. (1961): Šiprage (List karte 1:25,000 - Izohipse na 10 m). Vojnogeografski institut, Beograd.
    - Spahić M. et al. (2000): Bosna i Hercegovina (1:250.000). Izdavačko preduzeće „Sejtarija“, Sarajevo.
    - Mučibabić B., Ur. (1998): Geografski atlas Bosne i Hercegovine. Geodetski zavod BiH, Sarajevo, ISBN 9958-766-00-0.
  3. ^ Samardžija S. (1983): Četrnaesta srednjobosanska NOU brigada. Skupština opštine Prnjavor, Banja Luka.
  4. ^ Gutman R. (1993): A witness to genocide: The 1993 Pulitzer Prize-Winning Dispatches on the "Ethnic Cleansing" of Bosnia. Macmillan Publishing Company, Inc., New York, ISBN 9780020329954, pp 150-175.
    - Beč J. (1997): Pucanje duše. Samizdat B92, Beograd, ISBN 86-7208-010-6.
    - http://www.slobodnaevropa.org/a/negiranje-genocida-ne-menja-cinjenice/27423754[permanent dead link].
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ Book: "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva – Rezultati za Republiku po opštinama i naseljenim mjestima 1991.", statistički bilten br. 234, Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo.
    - Internet – Source: "Popis po mjesnim zajednicama" – "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Coordinates: 44°29′02″N 17°33′49″E / 44.4839°N 17.5636°E / 44.4839; 17.5636