Stone, Kent

Stone is a village in the Borough of Dartford in Kent, England. It is located 2.5 miles east of Dartford.

Stone
Stone is located in Kent
Stone
Stone
Location within Kent
Population6,100 (2005)[1]
10,778 (2011)[2]
OS grid referenceTQ575745
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDartford
Postcode districtDA2
Post townGreenhithe
Postcode districtDA9
Dialling code01322
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°26′42″N 0°15′22″E / 51.445°N 0.256°E / 51.445; 0.256Coordinates: 51°26′42″N 0°15′22″E / 51.445°N 0.256°E / 51.445; 0.256

HistoryEdit

Iron Age pottery and artefacts have been found here[3] proving it to be an ancient settlement site. The 13th-century parish church, dedicated to St Mary the Virgin at Stone, was known as the "Lantern of Kent" from its beacon light known to all sailors on the river. It is one of Kent's most dramatic churches and is renowned for its Gothic sculpture made by the masons who built Westminster Abbey.[3] The Grade I listing entry narrates each spandrel is either identical or almost identical to those at Westminster Abbey and therefore also dates to 1260, it also describes the North Chapel built for Sir Richard Wiltshire's death in 1527 [4]

The parish (including Bean) was part of Axstane Hundred and later Dartford Rural District.

Stone CastleEdit

Located about a mile to the south of Greenhithe and just north of the Roman Watling Street, Stone Castle dates from the mid-11th century, and is thought to have been constructed without licence during the reign of King Stephen, but was later permitted to remain by King Henry II after his accession to the throne.

The castle was built almost entirely of flint. The only surviving portion of the original medieval castle intact is its large rectangular tower, rising 40 feet in height. An adjoining Georgian house was built onto the tower by Sir Richard Wiltshire; in 1527 Cardinal Wolsey stayed at his house while passing through the district. In more recent times the property has belonged to the Church of England.

Stone todayEdit

Stone Castle is now the regional office of a large cement manufacturer. The cement works which once stood here have now been demolished.

The disused John's Hole Quarry at Stone was used as a filming location for the mine scenes in the Doctor Who television story The Dalek Invasion of Earth. This was the first of many quarries to be used in the series.[5]

SportsEdit

Stone has a village cricket team that was established in 1888.[6]

Bluewater Shopping CentreEdit

Bluewater Shopping Centre is located in Stone. It is the fourth largest shopping centre in The United Kingdom. The centre was opened on 16 March 1999 and is located in a former chalk quarry. The site occupies 240 acres and has a sales floor area of 1,600,000 ft2. The centre employs 7,000 people and serves over 27 million visitors a year.

DemographyEdit

Stone compared
2001 UK Census Stone Dartford District England
Total population 6,252 85,911 49,138,831
Foreign born 5.2% 5.8% 9.2%
White 95.9% 94.5% 90.9%
Asian 1.6% 3.2% 4.6%
Black 1.3% 0.9% 2.3%
Christian 71% 73.3% 72%
Muslim 0.3% 0.7% 3.1%
Hindu 0.4% 0.8% 1.1%
No religion 17.4% 15.1% 15%
Unemployed 3.1% 2.5% 3.3%

At the 2001 UK census, the Stone electoral ward had a population of 6,252.[7]

The ethnicity was 95.9% white, 0.9% mixed race, 1.6% Asian, 1.3% black and 0.3% other. The place of birth of residents was 94.8% United Kingdom, 0.8% Republic of Ireland, 0.9% other Western European countries, and 3.5% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 71% Christian, 0.2% Buddhist, 0.4% Hindu, 0.5% Sikh and 0.3% Muslim. 17.4% were recorded as having no religion, 0.2% had an alternative religion and 9.9% did not state their religion.[7]

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 49.7% in full-time employment, 10.8% in part-time employment, 6.9% self-employed, 3.1% unemployed, 1.8% students with jobs, 1.6% students without jobs, 10.1% retired, 7.7% looking after home or family, 4.8% permanently sick or disabled and 3.5% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 22% retail, 14.6% manufacturing, 10% construction, 10.6% real estate, 10.2% health and social work, 5.6% education, 9% transport and communications, 3.8% public administration, 3.4% hotels and restaurants, 4.5% finance, 0.6% agriculture and 5.7% other. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 12% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.[7]

TransportEdit

RailEdit

Stone Crossing railway station serves the village with National Rail services to Luton via Woolwich Arsenal and London St Pancras, London Charing Cross via Sidcup, Gravesend and Rainham[8].

BusesEdit

Stone is served by London Buses route 492, Arriva Kent Thameside routes A, 477 and 480 and Ensignbus route X80. These connect it with Bexleyheath, Bluewater, Dartford, Gravesend, Lakeside, Orpington, Sidcup and Swanley.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2005 Ward Level Population Estimates" (PDF). Kent County Council. September 2006. Retrieved 20 August 2007.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  3. ^ a b Newman, John (1969). West Kent and the Weald. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 19, 525.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1085810)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
  5. ^ Gary Russell (2003). Doctor Who – The Dalek Invasion Of Earth (DVD). BBC. Event occurs at 6:14–6:41 of "Now and Then" feature on Disc 2. ASIN B00009PBAN. This was the first ever quarry to be used in the making of Doctor Who.
  6. ^ "Stone CC". Stone Cricket Club. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  7. ^ a b c "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2008.
  8. ^ "Stone Crossing". kentrail.org.uk. Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2015.

External linksEdit