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Stolen Valor Act of 2013

The Stolen Valor Act of 2013 (Pub.L. 113–12; H.R. 258) is a United States federal law that was passed by the 113th United States Congress. The law amends the federal criminal code to make it a crime for a person to fraudulently claim having received a valor award specified in the Act, with the intention of obtaining money, property, or other tangible benefit by convincing another that he or she received the award.

Stolen Valor Act of 2013
Great Seal of the United States
Full title To amend title 18, United States Code, with respect to fraudulent representations about having received military decorations or medals.
Introduced in 113th United States Congress
Introduced on January 15, 2013
Sponsored by Rep. Joseph J. Heck (R, NV-3)
Number of co-sponsors 69
Effects and codifications
U.S.C. section(s) affected 18 U.S.C. § 704, 18 U.S.C. § 704(a), 18 U.S.C. § 704(b), 18 U.S.C. § 704(c)(2), 18 U.S.C. § 704(d), 18 U.S.C. § 704(d), 10 U.S.C. § 1129, 18 U.S.C. § 704(c)(1)
Legislative history

The current federal law is a revised version of a previous statute struck down by the Supreme Court of the United States in United States v. Alvarez. In Alvarez the Supreme Court ruled the arrest and prosecution of a citizen for wearing unearned military awards, who did so without criminal intent, violates their constitutional right to freedom of speech.

Contents

Provisions of the billEdit

This summary is based largely on the summary provided by the Congressional Research Service, a public domain source.[1]

The Stolen Valor Act of 2013 amends the federal criminal code to rewrite provisions relating to fraudulent claims about military service to subject to a fine, imprisonment for not more than one year, or both for an individual who, with intent to obtain money, property, or other tangible benefit, fraudulently holds himself or herself out to be a recipient of:

Congressional Budget Office reportEdit

This summary is based largely on the summary provided by the Congressional Budget Office, a public domain source.[2]

H.R. 258 makes changes to the current federal offenses relating to fraudulent claims about military service. As a result, the government might be able to pursue cases that it otherwise would not be able to prosecute. CBO expects that H.R. 258 would apply to a relatively small number of additional offenders, however, so any increase in costs for law enforcement, court proceedings, or prison operations would not be significant. Any such costs would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.

Because those prosecuted and convicted under H.R. 258 could be subject to civil and criminal fines, the federal government might collect additional fines if the legislation is enacted. Civil and criminal fines are recorded as revenues. Criminal fines are deposited in the Crime Victims Fund and later spent. CBO expects that any additional revenues and direct spending would not be significant because relatively few cases would likely be affected.

Procedural historyEdit

HouseEdit

The Stolen Valor Act of 2013 H.R. 258 was introduced by Rep. Joe Heck (R-NV) on January 15, 2013.[3] It was referred to the United States House Committee on the Judiciary and the United States House Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security and Investigations.[4] On May 20, 2013, the House voted to pass the Stolen Valor Act of 2013 by 390–3 in Roll Call Vote 161.[3]

SenateEdit

The Stolen Valor Act of 2013 was received in the United States Senate on May 21, 2013.[3] It passed the Senate by Unanimous consent on May 22, 2013.

Presidential signatureEdit

The bill was signed into law by President Barack Obama on June 3, 2013.[3]

See alsoEdit

Notes/ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "H.R. 258 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  2. ^ "CBO H.R. 258". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "H.R. 258 – All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ "H.R. 258 – Committees". United States Congress. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 

External linksEdit