Stoke Poges

Stoke Poges is a green-buffered scattered village and civil parish in south-east Buckinghamshire, England. It is centred 2.7 miles (4.3 km) north-north-east of Slough (historically Upton-cum-Chalvey), its post town, and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) southeast of Farnham Common.

Stoke Poges
Stoke Poges Church.JPG
St. Giles' parish church
Stoke Poges is located in Buckinghamshire
Stoke Poges
Stoke Poges
Location within Buckinghamshire
Area10.09 km2 (3.90 sq mi)
Population4,752 (2011)[1]
• Density471/km2 (1,220/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU9884
• London20.5 miles (33 km) E
Civil parish
  • Stoke Poges
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSLOUGH
Postcode districtSL2
Dialling code01753
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
WebsiteStoke Poges Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°32′46″N 0°35′02″W / 51.546°N 0.584°W / 51.546; -0.584Coordinates: 51°32′46″N 0°35′02″W / 51.546°N 0.584°W / 51.546; -0.584

EtymologyEdit

In the name Stoke Poges, stoke means "stockaded (place)" that is staked with more than just boundary-marking stakes. In the 1086 Domesday Book, the village was recorded as Stoche. William Fitz-Ansculf, who held the manor in 1086 (in the grounds of which the Norman parish church was built), later became known as William Stoches or William of Stoke. Amicia of Stoke, heiress to the manor, married Robert Pogeys, Knight of the Shire, 200 years later and the village eventually became known as Stoke Poges. Robert Poges was the son of Savoyard Imbert Pugeys valet to King Henry III and later steward of the royal household. Poges and Pocheys being an English attempt at Pugeys which ironically meant “worthless thing”.[2] The spelling appearing as "Stoke Pocheys", if applicable to this village, may suggest the pronunciation of the second part had a slightly more open "o" sound than the word "Stoke".[3]

Stoke Poges Manor HouseEdit

A manor house at Stoke Poges was built before the Norman Conquest and was mentioned in the 1086 Domesday Book. In 1555 the owner, Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon, pulled down much of the existing fortified house. He replaced it with a large Tudor brick-built house, with numerous chimneys and gables. In 1599 it was acquired by Sir Edward Coke, who is said to have entertained Queen Elizabeth I there in 1601.

A few decades later, the married lady of the manor, Frances Coke, Viscountess Purbeck, the daughter of Sir Edward Coke, had a love affair with Robert Howard, a member of parliament. The affair's discovery was received as a scandal upon the three people involved, and in 1635 Lady Frances was imprisoned for adultery. She later escaped from prison to France, and eventually returned and lived at Stoke Poges Manor for a time. She died at Oxford in 1645 at the court of King Charles I.

Charles I himself was imprisoned at Stoke Poges Manor in 1647 before his execution.

Later the manor came into the possession of Thomas Penn, a son of William Penn who founded Pennsylvania and was its first proprietor. Thomas Penn held three-fourths of the proprietorship. The manor property remained in his family for at least two generations, as his son John Penn "of Stoke" also lived there. Thomas Gray's 1750 poem "A Long Story" describes the house and its occupants.[4] Sir Edwin Henry Landseer was a frequent visitor to the house and rented it as a studio for some time. His most famous painting, The Monarch of the Glen (1851), is said to have been created at Stoke Poges, with the deer in the park used as models.

EducationEdit

Stoke Poges has a primary school called The Stoke Poges School. There is also a Sikh faith secondary school, Khalsa Secondary Academy, whose curriculum includes horse riding and archery. It is rated 'Good' by Ofsted.[citation needed]

St Giles' ChurchEdit

Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" is believed to have been written in the churchyard Parish Church of Saint Giles in Stoke Poges, also known as the Stoke Poges Church.[citation needed] Other churches have claimed the honour, including St Laurence's Church, Upton-cum-Chalvey and St Mary's in Everdon, Northamptonshire.

 
Gray's Monument, Stoke Poges

Gray is buried at St Giles'. John Penn "of Stoke" had a large monument built, displaying verses from the Elegy, nearby.

The Georgian rectory was built by Thomas Penn of Stoke Park in 1765.[citation needed] It is now a private residence called Elegy House.

In mediaEdit

Notable natives and residentsEdit

Notable organisationsEdit

DemographyEdit

Stoke Poges compared
2001 UK Census Stoke Poges
ward
South Bucks
borough
England
Population 4,839 61,945 49,138,831
Foreign born 11.9% 12.2% 9.2%
White 93.3% 93.4% 90.9%
Asian 4.8% 4.5% 4.6%
Black 0.3% 0.4% 2.3%
Christian 76.5% 75.6% 71.7%
Muslim 1.1% 1.1% 3.1%
Hindu 0.7% 1.2% 1.1%
No religion 10.6% 12.5% 14.6%
Unemployed 1.8% 1.9% 3.3%
Retired 16.8% 14.8% 13.5%

At the 2001 UK census, the Stoke Poges electoral ward had a population of 4,839. The ethnicity was 93.3% white, 1.3% mixed race, 4.8% Asian, 0.3% black and 0.3% other. The place of birth of residents was 88.1% United Kingdom, 1.6% Republic of Ireland, 2.5% other Western European countries, and 7.8% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 76.5% Christian, 0.2% Buddhist, 0.7% Hindu, 2.7% Sikh, 0.5% Jewish, and 1.1% Muslim. 10.6% were recorded as having no religion, 0.2% had an alternative religion and 7.6% did not state their religion.[9]

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 40.8% in full-time employment, 11.6% in part-time employment, 12.6% self-employed, 1.8% unemployed, 1.5% students with jobs, 3.1% students without jobs, 16.8% retired, 6.7% looking after home or family, 2.5% permanently sick or disabled and 2.5% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 15.4% retail, 13.4% manufacturing, 6.9% construction, 21.1% real estate, 9.2% health and social work, 7.3% education, 8.8% transport and communications, 3.5% public administration, 3.4% hotels and restaurants, 2.8% finance, 0.8% agriculture and 7.4% other. Compared with national figures, the ward had a relatively high proportion of workers in real estate, transport and communications. According to Office for National Statistics estimates, during the period of April 2001 to March 2002 the average gross weekly income of households was £870, compared with an average of £660 in South East England. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 28.4% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.[9]

In 2011, The Daily Telegraph deemed Stoke Poges as Britain's eighth richest village and the third richest village in Buckinghamshire.[10]

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km² roads km² water km² domestic gardens km² domestic buildings km² non-domestic buildings Usual residents km²
Civil parish 727 717 183 159 28 0.397 0.076 1.422 0.176 0.057 4752 10.09

GeographyEdit

Hamlets within Stoke Poges parish include:

  • Hollybush Hill
  • Stoke Green

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. ^ David Carpenter. 2020. Henry III : The Rise to Power and Personal Rule 1207 - 1258. New Haven: Yale University Press. 360.
  3. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP40/647; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT1/H6/CP40no647/aCP40no647fronts/IMG_0029.htm; second entry, with "London" in the margin, & with defendants Thomas Clerk, William Adam, John Lambard & John Spykernell of Stoke Pocheys.
  4. ^ "A Long Story". Thomas Gray Archive. December 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Goldfinger film locations (1964)".
  6. ^ J. Lee Thompson (Director), Gregory Peck (Actor) (1969). "The Chairman" (also known as "The Most Dangerous Man in the World") (Film). Pinewood Studios, Buckinghamshire, England: Twentieth Century Fox.
  7. ^ "For Your Eyes Only film locations".
  8. ^ Brief Lives John Aubrey Clarendon Press, 1898 – Great Britain
  9. ^ a b "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 April 2008.
  10. ^ "Britain's richest villages". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 April 2011.

External linksEdit