St. Peter's parish church
|Area||13.02 km2 (5.03 sq mi)|
|Population||418 (2011 census)|
|• Density||32/km2 (83/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Battle of Fethan leagEdit
In AD 584 a Saxon army led by King Ceawlin of Wessex and his son Cutha fought an army of Britons "at the place which is named Fethan leag". Cutha was killed but his father Ceawlin won "many towns and countless war-loot". A 12th-century document records a wood called "Fethelée" in a reference to Stoke Lyne, so it is now thought the battlefield was probably near here.
Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria held the manor of Stoke Lyne before the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. When Tostig's elder brother Harold Godwinson was crowned King Harold II in January 1066, Earl Tostig encouraged Harald III of Norway to invade England, but in September Harold II defeated the Norwegian army at the Battle of Stamford Bridge and both Harald and Tostig were killed in the fighting.
The Domesday Book records that in 1086 Stoke Lyne's feudal overlord was Walter Giffard, who William II made 1st Earl of Buckingham in 1097. The manor remained part of the honour of Giffard until Walter Giffard, 2nd Earl of Buckingham died without an heir in 1164. It then passed to Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, who was descended from a sister of the first Walter Giffard. It remained with his heirs until Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke died without a male heir in 1245. Anselm's estates were divided between five co-heiresses and Stoke Lyne passed to Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford and 2nd Earl of Gloucester, whose mother Isabel Marshal was a daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. Richard de Clare's grandson Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford was killed at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314 leaving no male heir. His estates were divided between his three sisters but there is no mention of Stoke Lyne being among them.
The Church of England parish church of Saint Peter has a late Norman nave and chancel. A north aisle was added in the 13th century and a south tower was added early in the 14th century. Most of the north aisle was demolished, leaving just the easternmost bay as a north transept. St. Peter's is a Grade II* listed building.
- Parish: Key Statistics: Population. (2011 census Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- Swanton 1996, pp. 14–21.
- Stenton 1971, p. 29.
- Ellis 1994, p. 84.
- Lobel 1959, pp. 312–323.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 789.
- Historic England. "Church of St Peter (1193248)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
- Davies, Peter (26 October 2008). "Stoke Lyne S Peter". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
- Shelswell group of Parishes: St Peter Church, Stoke Lyne
- Peyton Arms
- Oxfordshire Federation of Women's institutes
- Ellis, Peter Berresford (1994) . Celt and Saxon The Struggle for Britain AD 410–937. London: Constable & Co. p. 84. ISBN 0-09-473260-4.
- Lobel, Mary D, ed. (1959). A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 6. Victoria County History. pp. 312–323.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 789. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
- Stenton, Frank M (1971). Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 29. ISBN 0-19-821716-1.
- Swanton, Michael, ed. (1996). The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. New York: Routledge. pp. 14–21. ISBN 0-415-92129-5.
Media related to Stoke Lyne at Wikimedia Commons