Stoke-on-Trent railway station
Stoke-on-Trent railway station is a mainline railway station serving the city of Stoke-on-Trent. It lies on the Stafford to Manchester branch of the West Coast Main Line. The station also provides an interchange between various local services running through Cheshire, Staffordshire and Derbyshire.
|Location||Stoke-upon-Trent, City of Stoke on Trent|
|Managed by||Avanti West Coast|
|Classification||DfT category C1|
|Opened||9 October 1848|
The Victorian station buildings were opened on 9 October 1848. The other buildings located in Winton Square, including the North Stafford Hotel, were opened in June 1849. All these buildings were constructed by John Jay to the design of H.A. Hunt of London, using an architectural style referred to as "robust Jacobean manor-house". The station was built by the North Staffordshire Railway Company (NSR) and, until the amalgamation of 1923, housed the company's boardroom and its principal offices.
Stoke-on-Trent has always been and still is the hub of North Staffordshire's passenger train service. The station also used to have links to Leek (the Biddulph Valley Line via Fenton Manor & Endon), Cheadle, to Market Drayton via Newcastle-under-Lyme & Silverdale (Staffordshire) and was the southern terminus of the Potteries Loop Line. All of these routes closed to passenger traffic in the 1950s & 1960s, though the line to Leek remained in use for sand & stone traffic to Caldon Low & Oakamoor quarries until the mid-1980s.
The station is situated in Winton Square, which is described as Britain's only piece of major town planning undertaken by a railway company specifically to offset a station building. The station is a grade II* listed building, one of four listed buildings in the square—the North Stafford Hotel, directly opposite the station, is also grade II* listed while a statue of Josiah Wedgwood and a row of railway cottages either side of the square are grade II listed.
The building is constructed of dark red brick with black diapering and stone dressings. It has three Dutch-style gables; the central gable has a prominent first-floor bay window, which is decoratively mullioned, above which is a parapet bearing the NSR's coat of arms. Behind the bay window is the boardroom of the NSR, while the remainder of the upper floor was designed as office space. Either side of the bay window is a terrace, which runs across the top of an arcade of Tuscan columns flanking seven arches, each of which contains a fanlight.
The station todayEdit
Stoke-on-Trent Station is managed by Avanti West Coast. It has three passenger platforms and until recently had one central through line without a platform, which has now been removed. The main entrance to the station is from Winton Square, opposite the North Stafford Hotel, into a large modern booking hall with an enquiry office, Fast Ticket machines, a HSBC cashpoint and level access to platform 1 from which southbound and eastbound trains normally depart. On this platform are the main buildings, refreshment room and bar which sells cigarettes, newspapers and a selection of magazines, free CCTV-covered cycle-locking racks, a post box, free newly refurbished toilets for both ladies and gentlemen, a refurbished waiting room, a first class lounge with Wi-Fi and offices for the British Transport Police. In April 2011, a series of FalcoLevel two-tier cycle parking systems were installed providing secure accommodation for up to 66 bikes.
There is both a tiled passenger subway and a passenger operated lift connecting platform 1 with platforms 2 and 3. Northbound trains usually depart from platform 2, which has a newly refurbished waiting room, ladies' and gentlemen's toilets. Platform 3 is a short bay platform used by Northern Trains's regional trains to Manchester Piccadilly which depart at xx:58 and call at all stations excluding Longport.
The station building retains much of its mid-Victorian character, including a classic glazed roof, built in 1893, that spans the platforms. A war memorial, with brass nameplates naming the employees of the North Staffordshire Railway who fell during World War I, discreetly flanks the entrance to platform 1. The station underwent restoration work in the 1990s, having fallen into disrepair.
In May 2009 the main platform (Platform 1) was lengthened to accommodate longer trains and the middle line was removed with Platform 2 lengthened during 2011.
On 14 September 2015, the station began its new development project. Platform 1 saw the introduction of automatic ticket barriers in December 2015 along with new Fast Ticket Machines. The historic entrance onto Platform 2 following reconstruction work was re-opened in February 2016 with new automatic ticket barriers and Fast Ticket machines. Alongside this, a new retail space will open on Platform 2. The Platform 2 waiting room was also refreshed and redeveloped and opened in January 2016.
The station is located on both the Stafford to Manchester Line and the Crewe to Derby Line; it is also served by trains between London Euston and Manchester Piccadilly via the Trent Valley Line. Services are operated by Avanti West Coast, CrossCountry, East Midlands Railway, London Northwestern and Northern Trains.
In April 2006, Network Rail organised its maintenance and train control operations into "26 Routes". The main line through Stoke-on-Trent forms part of Route 18 (The West Coast Mainline). The line from Derby to the junction just south of Stoke-on-Trent station forms part of Route 19 (The Midland Main Line and East Midlands).
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|East Midlands Railway|
|London Northwestern Railway|
London - Crewe
|Avanti West Coast|
Stoke - Manchester Shuttle
|Terminus||Moorland and City Railways Ltd|
Line open, station closed
|North Staffordshire Railway||
Line open, station closed
|North Staffordshire Railway||
Line open, station closed
|North Staffordshire Railway|
Sandbach to Stoke Line
|Terminus||North Staffordshire Railway||
Line open, station closed
Line and station closed
|North Staffordshire Railway||Terminus|
Major destinations served by 'through' (i.e.: direct service) express trains include: to the south London Euston, Birmingham, Oxford, Reading, Southampton, Bristol and Bournemouth; and to the north the shuttle service to Manchester Piccadilly.
Destinations served by local and regional trains include: to the north Crewe and Macclesfield; to the east Uttoxeter and Derby; and to the south Stafford and Wolverhampton. There is now an hourly semi-fast direct service from Crewe to London Euston via Stone, which was introduced in December 2008.
The nearby Etruria railway station, one mile to the north, was closed to passengers in 2005. The small village stations of Wedgwood and Barlaston, a few miles to the south, are permanently served by BakerBus replacement bus service X1 only, the local stopping service to Stafford having been withdrawn in 2003 when the line was temporarily closed for upgrading and was never reinstated afterward.
Freight trains on Mondays, carrying Cornish clay for use in Stoke's pottery industry, pass through the station. These trains supply an industrial spur line at Cliffe Vale, just north of Stoke station.
Freight trains on Fridays also take various freight wagons from Arpley Sidings outside Warrington, to Axiom Rail (Stoke Marcroft). They head here for general repairs, maintenance and sometimes conversions. The return up to Arpley Sidings Warrington with completed wagons happens normally on the same day.
Stoke-on-Trent railway station is currently served by five train operating companies. Stations below are where the service terminates and does not include through station frequencies.
Northbound services are split between platform 2 for most northbound traffic, and platform 3 for the Piccadilly shuttle
- Blackpool North 1tpd, run by Northern Trains
- Crewe 2tph, run by East Midlands Railway
- Manchester Piccadilly 2tph, run by Avanti West Coast
- Manchester Piccadilly 1tph, run by Crosscountry
- Stockport 1tpd, run by Northern Trains
- Frequent shuttle service to Manchester Piccadilly, also run by Northern Trains as part of Route 19.
All eastbound services depart from platform 1 and are run exclusively by East Midlands Railway on the Crewe–Derby line, providing local services within the metropolitan region. Services depart eastbound to Derby, from Crewe via Stoke-on-Trent at a frequency of 1tph.
Southbound services depart from platform 1 to a range of regional and national destinations.
- Birmingham New Street 2tph
- Bournemouth 1tp2h
- Bristol Temple Meads 1tph
- Cardiff Central 1tpd
- Exeter St Davids 1tp3h
- Paignton 1tp3h
- Southampton Central 1tph
- London Euston 2tph
- Birmingham New Street 1tpd
- Coventry 1tpd
- London Euston 1tph
- Milton Keynes 1tpd
- Northampton 1tpd
- Stafford 1tph
- Stone 1tph
Following the Crewe Hub consultation it was announced that Transport Secretary, Chris Grayling, will ask the future West Coast Partnership operator to include a HS2 service via Stoke-on-Trent, Macclesfield and then on to terminate at Manchester.
Furthermore, there are also strong proposals to reopen the mothballed Stoke–Leek line. This would allow the town to be reconnected to the national rail network for the first time in 40 years via Fenton Manor railway station, allowing for future metro services. The plan has received approval from the county council and is in the early construction phase of Leek (Churnet Valley) railway station and the connecting rail line.
The station surroundingsEdit
The original, now disused, goods yard lies behind the northbound platforms. There were various proposals for its use, including an "iconic" conference centre. However, in April 2007, Virgin Trains announced that 264 new car parking spaces would be made available at Stoke-on-Trent station by January 2009, adding to the two existing small car parks. A new access road, junction and traffic lights were constructed to serve the goods yard road entrance, when the A500 upgrade was completed in 2006/7. The new car park opened October 2009.
Winton Chambers (a self-contained section of the main station building, including the entire upper floor) is currently leased to Staffordshire University, which has its main Stoke-on-Trent campuses in College Road off Station Road and in Leek Road nearby. The University also leases Nos. 1, 2 & 3 Winton Square and Nos. 4 & 5 Winton Square, which with the North Stafford Hotel and the current station comprise the original 1848 station complex. There is also a Subway outlet situated to the right of the North Stafford Hotel as you look at it.
Directly opposite the station entrance is the statue of potter Josiah Wedgwood (1730–1795), sculpted by Edward Davis and erected in 1863. Wedgwood holds in his hand an exact copy of the Portland Vase, the reproduction of which showed the British that they could at last surpass the achievements of the finest craftsmen of the Roman Empire. The statue stands in front of the North Stafford Hotel.
Also directly opposite the station is the British Pottery Manufacturer's Federation Club ("The Potter's Club") which is a large private member's club situated in Federation House, and which is run for the benefit of the many local pottery manufacturers. It was established in 1951, and still operates.
Also the main Royal Mail depot for Stoke-on-Trent is located opposite the station next to the North Stafford Hotel. Until the early 1990s mail arrived from all over the county into Stoke station and then transferred across the road to the sorting office.
Local bus services stop at two bus stops on the main road, Station Road. Companies that provide services from the Station are First Potteries, D&G Buses and Arriva, serving Hanley, Stoke, and Newcastle town centres, and also Keele University. Most services connect at Hanley Bus Station with services covering most of North Staffordshire.
The university has expanded rapidly in recent years and a large area to north-east of Stoke-on-Trent station is now seen as a developing University Quarter, and now absorbs the relocated sixth-form college previously sited a mile or so to the south at Fenton, and the main further education college just to the north, and possibly also the Burslem campus of Stoke-on-Trent College. This £150m "quarter" regeneration will also entail investment in the immediate surroundings of the railway station.
- Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at this station from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
- Nikolaus Pevsner; The Buildings of England - Staffordshire, Penguin Books Ltd, 1974. ISBN 0-14-071046-9 (page 262)
- Biddle, Gordon. Britain's Historic Railway Buildings: A Gazetteer of Structures (Second ed.). Hersham, Surrey: Ian Allan Publishing. pp. 367–368. ISBN 9780711034914.
- Historic England. "NORTH STAFFORDSHIRE HOTEL (1290251)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- Historic England. "STOKE ON TRENT STATION (1210928)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Virgin Trains' £20m station investment programme creates 100 new jobs - Virgin Trains". Mynewsdesk.com. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
- GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Tables 51, 65 & 84
- GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Table 67
- Smale, Katherine. "Transfer deck to be built over Crewe station". New Civil Engineer.
- Corrigan, Phil. "Plan to Return Railway Line to Town". The Stoke Sentinel.
- Corrigan, Phil. "Next stop Stoke-on-Trent! Plans for trams to return to city for first time in 90 years as part of multi-million pound 'transport revolution'". The Stoke Sentinel.
- Virgin Trains Archived 27 September 2007 at Archive.today
- Staffordshire University Archived 31 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (2014). Branch Lines around Market Drayton. West Sussex: Middleton Press. figs. 61-69. ISBN 9781908174673. OCLC 913791564.
- Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (2016). Derby to Stoke-on-Trent. West Sussex: Middleton Press. figs. 66-72. ISBN 9781908174932. OCLC 954271104.
- Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (2016). Rugeley to Stoke-on-Trent. West Sussex: Middleton Press. figs. 101-120. ISBN 9781908174901. OCLC 972169395.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stoke-on-Trent railway station.|
- Train times and station information for Stoke-on-Trent railway station from National Rail
- The North Staffordshire Railway Study Group
- Staffordshire University campus map showing proximity to the station.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1210928)". National Heritage List for England.