Plaza Cinema, Stockport
The Plaza Super Cinema and Variety Theatre cinema in Stockport, England (grid reference ) opened in 1932 and is now a Grade II* listed building. After being a bingo hall for many years, it has now been restored as a cinema and theatre, showing classic films and staging live shows.
|Plaza Super Cinema and Variety Theatre|
|Town or city||Stockport|
|Opened||7 Oct 1932|
|Owner||Stockport Plaza Trust|
|Structural system||Brick, clad in faïence to front, with internal structural steelwork.|
|Design and construction|
|Seating capacity||1314 (seated)|
The building is in the Art Deco style, it was constructed in 1932 to a design by William Thornley. It opened as a cine-variety venue. It had an original seating capacity of 1878 (other sources say 1848)- and in its restored state has 614 seats in the stalls, 318 in the front circle and 254 in the rear circle (the balcony). The site involved cutting into the rock.
Compton Theatre OrganEdit
To possess an original Compton Organ is rare, but the Plaza organ is notable in its own right. It was the first Compton Theatre Organ to be built with sunburst decorative glass panels. These can be illuminated in a range of colours.
The Compton organ is a three manual instrument with a unique 150 stop tab layout which was designed for the Plaza and her sister cinema by Norman Cocker the resident organist from Manchester Cathedral and Arthur Ward one of the original Directors of the Stockport Plaza. It has in addition 42 toe and thumb pistons. There are 11 ranks of pipes situated in 2 chambers, one over the other to the right of the stage. These are concealed behind the decorative grill in the wall. There is no electric amplification, as the sound is produced acoustically straight from the organ pipes. The console is on a lift so that it can rise out of the floor, adding to the theatrical effect. As there is no amplification the organist controls the volume using swell pedals that operate shutters in the grill. It was played before shows, and during silent movies, variety acts and musical interludes between films. The organ can supply a large range of effects from sleigh bells to aircraft and sea sounds.
The first plans for a cinema on this site was made by William Thornley in 1929. It was a conservative scheme that incorporated a motor garage, a billiard hall, a restaurant with a 1600-seat cinema. Thornley, who had trained with Bradshaw Gass & Hope was experienced in designing silent movie cinemas. The owners of the site rejected the scheme. They had just opened the 1850 seat Regal Cinema, Altrincham which was designed by Drury and Gomersall and described as the ‘Cathedral of the Movies’. Thornley was commissioned to modify the Altrincham plans to fit on the more restricted Stockport site. [a]
10,000 tonnes of sandstone was excavated to create The Plaza and the adjoining Plaza steps by outside labourers. The building was partially underground. The cinema was an Art Deco gem which was welcomed by the local cinema goers but opposed by the local business community, smarting from the use of outsiders when the town was still suffering from the Great Depression. Technically the cinema had all the latest equipment the projectors that could project silent and sound stock, and a Compton organ to be played during the silent news reels. It was a cine-variety venue.
The Plaza attracted competition and by 1939 there were two further super cinemas in the town centre- and two in the suburbs.[b] After the war, in the 1950s The Plaza was refurbished and diversified into CinemaScope and 3-D screenings. The conversion to a Bingo Hall was refused by Stockport Borough Council planning committee- this ruling was overturned by National government and Rank Leisure proceeded with their plan.
The Bingo YearsEdit
Bought in 1967, the Plaza operated as a Mecca Bingo Hall until 1999.
The Plaza was sold to the Stockport Plaza Trust, first restorations started, and it re-opened for live shows and vintage film presentations. The first cinema show in December 2000 featured a performance of 42nd St which had been the first film shown at the Plaza in 1932. The Compton organ was found to be in working order, it was powered up and a performance of 1930s singalong music was given by Nigel Ogden. The Plaza was closed during 2009, and £1.9m restoration, funded by a National Lottery grant took place. Volunteers embarked on THE restoration of The Plaza to its original 1932 configuration. Most of the façade has now been unveiled and sports new name sign as well as red and green side panels, all constructed with neon lighting. The entire face has also been completely restored to its original cream ensemble.
1929 (April): First Planning application made to Stockport Borough Council for the construction of Cinema, Mersey Square, Stockport.
1931: Construction of the Regal Cinema, Altrincham, designed by Drury and Gomersall for the Snape Cinema Circuit.
1932 (Oct): Cinema opens in Stockport
1937: Front Circle rake altered, balcony front raised, stage level raised
1949: Seven day programme introduced (same film for 7 days)
1953 (Aug): Large 48 ft.x 18 ft. projection screen installed
1953: Stockport's first 3D film presentation at - “Sangaree”
1954: first ‘CinemaScope’ presentation
1960: first Pantomime 'Babes in the Wood' featuring The Dallas Boys
1965 (July): purchased by the Mecca Group
1966 (Dec): closes as a cinema
- Bingo Hall
1967: Modifications to the auditorium to accommodate bingo; removal of roof tiling, loss of external verandah, neon lighting & signage. Flat floor insertion at rear of stalls, and alterations to foyer. Alterations to café area.
1967 (Feb): reopens as a Bingo Hall
1997 (Mar): Cinema listed grade II by English Heritage
1999: Cinema closes as a Bingo Hall
- Restored cinema
2000 (Aug): listing upgraded to II* by English Heritage
2000: Purchased by the Stockport Plaza Trust, first restorations started, and re opened for live shows and vintage film presentations. First cinema show in December 2000 featured a performance of 42nd St which had been the first film shown at the Plaza in 1932. There was also a variety performance, and Nigel Ogden of Radio 2's The Organist Entertains played the Compton Organ for a 1930s style singalong before the screening.( The organ had been found to be in full working order, only needing the power switched on to be used.)
2005: Further restoration plans begin
2007: The Heritage Lottery Fund approves an application for funding of £1.9m towards further restoration of the Plaza
2009 (Feb): Jimmy Carr officially closes the Plaza with two sell out shows and work begins on Restoration and Refurbishment of the Stockport Plaza
2009 (May): 'Plaza on Tour' commences - a host of events in alternative venues throughout the region during the Plaza's closure
2009 (Dec): The Plaza reopens following a £3.2 million restoration
2010 (Jan): 10 Years On Show featuring Plaza Volunteers and Youth, Joe Loss Orchestra and local talent staged to celebrate 10 Years on the saving of the Plaza.
2012 (Apr): Plaza obtains a venue licence enabling it to host wedding ceremonies, Louise Burchell & Ben Wainwright become the first to be wed at the Plaza Cinema, Stockport.
2013: Front Circle rake restored and balcony front lowered to original design, stage surface renewed
2014 (Jul/Aug): Brand new art deco seating cast from the original designs for the entire auditorium, removing the mixed origin seating.
2015 (May): Murals re-instated in Balcony of Wetherlam and Little Langdale Tarn in the Lake District.
2015 (Aug): Compton Organ restoration including the glass panel sides, pipes & bellows.
2016 (July): Murals re-instated in Stalls of musical instruments which include cymbals, tambourines, wind and various string instruments.
Filming location forEdit
Used as filming location including:-
- Life on Mars (UK TV series) (Season 2, Episode 6 - 2007)
- The Maple State, Temperate Lives (2009) 
- Just Henry (2011)
- Eric and Ernie (2011)
- Who Do You Think You Are? (UK TV series) (Series 10, Episode 3; Minnie Driver - 2013)
- Messages Home: Lost films of the British Army (2016)
- Road To Wembley (2016)
- Tina and Bobby (2017)
- Time for Tea [Short Film]
- Series 5 of Peaky Blinders (2019) as the Bingley Hall in Birmingham
- Federal Charm, Can't Rule Me (2019) 
Notes and referencesEdit
- The Regal, Altrincham was destroyed by fire in 1956. Nothing remains.
- Town Centre: Super; Essoldo, Wellington Road South; Ritz, St Petersgate; Outskirts: Davenport, Buxton Road; Empress, Heaton Norris.
- Historic England. "Plaza Cinema, Stockport (1257697)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
- "Statutory Listing - Former Plaza Cinema". Stockport Historic Environment Database. Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council. Archived from the original on 20 August 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
- "Plaza Theatre Mersey Square, Stockport, SK1 1SP". Cinema Treasures. Cinema Treasures LLC.
- "The Plaza, Heritage & Restoration The Compton Organ". Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- "The Plaza, Heritage & Restoration history". Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- Levenshume Cinemas
- "Plaza History". Stockport Plaza Trust. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- "Stage is set for couple's musical marriage service at Stockport Plaza". Stockport Express. 11 April 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
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