Stockholm Bromma Airport

Stockholm/Bromma Airport (IATA: BMA, ICAO: ESSB) is a Swedish domestic and minor international airport in Stockholm. The operator calls the airport Bromma Stockholm Airport. It is located 4 NM (7.4 km; 4.6 mi) west-northwest[1] of downtown Stockholm and is the closest to the city compared to the other commercial passenger airports in the area around Stockholm (Arlanda, Skavsta and Västerås). Stockholm/Bromma is Sweden's third-busiest airport by passenger traffic and take-offs and landings as of 2015.

Stockholm/Bromma Airport

Stockholm/Bromma flygplats
Airport typePublic
ServesStockholm metropolitan area
Opened23 May 1936 (1936-05-23)
Hub forBRA Braathens Regional Airlines
Elevation AMSL14 m / 47 ft
Coordinates59°21′16″N 017°56′23″E / 59.35444°N 17.93972°E / 59.35444; 17.93972
BMA is located in Stockholm
Location in Stockholm
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12/30 1,668 5,472 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers total2,501,589
International passengers309,010
Domestic passengers2,192,579
Landings total22,675 (2011)
Source: Swedish AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics: Swedavia[2] Swedavia[3]

History Edit

Development Edit

During the 1930s, the need for a proper airport for Stockholm, the capital city of Sweden, became urgent. The airport was opened on 23 May 1936 by King Gustav V, and was the first airport in Europe to have paved runways from the start. During World War II Swedish and British aircraft flew to the United Kingdom from Stockholm/Bromma. Since these flights sometimes carried Norwegian and Danish refugees, the airport became of interest to German spies, and two Swedish Douglas DC-3s that had taken off from Stockholm/Bromma were shot down by the Germans during the War.[4][5] After the war, the airport flourished, two noted airlines that operated from the airport were Aktiebolaget Aerotransport (ABA) which subsequently became the Swedish partner in Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) and Linjeflyg (the Swedish main domestic airline which was later acquired by SAS). Stockholm/Bromma's runway was too short for the jet age and for intercontinental traffic in the 1960s (e.g., the DC-8), and the capacity limit of Stockholm/Bromma could be foreseen; therefore, Stockholm/Arlanda Airport was built. Also, the airport, originally built in an almost rural area, became with the large surge in the population of Stockholm and associated housing projects, located inside a major city with associated noise pollution.[citation needed]

With the opening of Stockholm/Arlanda Airport in 1960–62, all international traffic moved there; the domestic traffic followed in 1983. Stockholm/Bromma became the domain of business jets, general aviation and flight schools in addition to government use. Several of the old hangars were separated from the airport area and turned into shopping outlets adjacent to the airport.[citation needed] After the 1992 deregulation of civil aviation in Sweden, Malmö Aviation started service to Gothenburg, Malmö and London City Airport; since then, the airport has experienced something of a renaissance. In 2002, a new control tower was put into use on Ranhammarshöjden and the terminal which had become run down after years of neglect was renovated. The airport underwent further improvements in 2005 and is now capable of separating passengers arriving from within and outside of the Schengen area.[citation needed]

Sweden's first FBO (fixed-base operator), Grafair Jet Center, was built in 2004 at Stockholm/Bromma. The Swedish CAA at the time, Luftfartsverket, announced a bidding process in 2003 for a contract to build a general aviation terminal at the airport in order to improve the ground services provided for the general aviation customers flying to Stockholm and Bromma Airport. Grafair won the contract and went on to build the FBO, which was finished 11 November 2004. The Grafair Jet Center was voted the 3rd best international FBO in May 2008 in AIN - Aviation International News.[6]

During the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, all flights at Stockholm/Bromma were cancelled. BRA, the most frequent airline at Stockholm/Bromma, decided to cancel all its flights from 6 April 2020.[7] BRA resumed limited operations in late 2020.

On 16 May 2021, Bromma Airport tram station was opened.[8]

Future Edit

Expansion of the airport would be limited by noise issues, a lack of space, and the necessity to preserve the cultural heritage (the airport buildings). With the completion of the third runway at Stockholm/Arlanda Airport, there is a capacity surplus at that airport, and there have been ongoing debates on whether to use the land occupied by Stockholm/Bromma Airport for residential and commercial purposes. When the airport opened in 1936, the surrounding area was mostly rural; however, as the city has expanded, noise has become an issue. Therefore, certain measures have been put in place, such as limiting airport operations to daytime hours, limiting the type of commercial aircraft which are allowed to operate from the airport, and soundproofing residential homes near the airport. Bromma's main advantage over the much larger Arlanda Airport is its proximity to the centre of Stockholm (about 8 km or 5 miles). However, Arlanda's fast rail link, completed in 1999, means that Bromma's competitive edge in this respect is somewhat lost.[citation needed]

In late 2014, the Red-Green alliance won control of both Stockholm city and the government in the general election. They started planning to completely shut down the airport and build apartments instead.[9]

In May 2021, both the Swedish government and the airport's operator announced renewed plans to go ahead with the closure of the airport in the foreseeable future to make way for housing projects on the site.[10] In October 2021, the Swedish government issued a report stating that Stockholm/Bromma Airport could close between 2025 and 2027.[11] All air traffic after the closure will be consolidated to Stockholm/Arlanda Airport.[12]

Airlines and destinations Edit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Stockholm/Bromma:[13]

BRA Braathens Regional Airlines Aarhus,[14] Ängelholm, Gothenburg, Halmstad,[15] Helsinki,[16] Kalmar,[15] Kristianstad,[17] Malmö, Östersund,[15] Ronneby,[18] Sälen-Trysil,[19] Skellefteå,[20] Umeå, Växjö,[18] Visby
Brussels Airlines Brussels (ends 28 October 2023)[21]
Finnair Helsinki (resumes 30 October 2023)[22]
Nyxair Trollhättan–Vänersborg[23][24][25]

Statistics Edit

Control tower
The apron in the 1970s
Annual passenger traffic at BMA airport. See Wikidata query.
Busiest routes to and from Stockholm/Bromma Airport (2022)[26]
Rank Airport Passengers handled % change
1   Malmö 255,630   103.5
2   Visby 180,043   35.6
3   Brussels 142,094   125.6
4   Gothenburg 119,829   139.1
5   Ängelholm 110,067   75.3
6   Umeå 83,395   70.3
7   Halmstad 68,124   75.5
8   Ronneby 50,876   257.1
9   Kalmar 32,233   181.3
10   Östersund 17,480   169.5
Traffic by calendar year[27]
Year Passenger volume Change over previous year State Domestic Change over previous year EU Change over previous year
2019 2 354 051  0-6,0% 1 994 215  0
2018 2 503 382  0-1,1% 2 192 844  0
2017 2 532 403  01,1% 2 241 626  0 290 777  0
2016 2,503,961  00.61% 2,222,599  01.46% 281,362  05.68%
2015 2,488,779 2,190,463 298,316

Other facilities Edit

Stockholm/Bromma Airport is home of two flight clubs (Stockholms Flygklubb and SAS Flygklubb), as well as a flight school (LidAir).

The state aviation, which operates VIP flights for the ministers of the government, the royal family and other high ranked government officials, is based at Bromma Airport.

Ground transport Edit

Bus Edit

  • Airport coaches travel directly between Stockholm/Bromma Airport and the City Terminal (approx. 20 min travel time).
  • Buses 110 and 152 of the Stockholm Transit (SL) system stop at the airport or have a bus stop close to the airport. Travel time to central Stockholm is usually 30 minutes, via Alvik or Sundbyberg. SL bus tickets must be purchased before boarding.
Tram stop at Stockholm/Bromma Airport

Tram Edit

  • Trams go between the airport and Alvik which has a metro station. This tram service which was opened in May 2021 is a part of the Tvärbanan network.

Taxi Edit

  • There is a taxi stand at the airport, and the proximity to central Stockholm usually ensures that the availability is sufficient at most times.

Parking Edit

There is parking at the airport, both at the terminal, short-term and long-term parking lots. Terminal parking costs 45 Swedish kronor/h and is limited to one hour, while short-term and long-term parking is slightly less expensive depending on the length of time. The parking lots are managed by the airport company Swedavia.

Accidents and incidents Edit

  • On 18 February 1951, a RAF Vickers Valetta with 22 passengers and crew on a military flight suffered a failure of the No. 2 engine and radio problems while near Stockholm/Bromma Airport. Smoke was also seen coming from beneath the floor of the rear of the cabin. The crew attempted to make an emergency landing at the airport, however due to poor alignment with the runway and poor weather caused the aircraft to overshoot the runway. The aircraft climbed very poorly due to effects of airframe icing and the pilot made a forced belly landing on a clearing on high ground. One person was killed and the aircraft totally destroyed.
  • On 1 April 1951, a Scandinavian Airlines Douglas DC-3 on a flight from Copenhagen Kastrup Airport to Stockholm/Bromma Airport crash-landed in a field near the airport. None of the 18 passengers or 4 crew members were killed, but the aircraft was a write-off.
  • On 15 January 1977, Linjeflyg Flight 618, tail number SE-FOZ, crashed at Kälvesta on approach to Stockholm/Bromma due to ice accretion on the tailplane, leading to a loss of control. All 22 people on board were killed.[28]

See also Edit

References Edit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ a b EAD Basic
  2. ^ "Statistics". Swedavia. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  3. ^ "Passagerarstatistik" (PDF). Swedavia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-14.
  4. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-3-268 SE-BAF Hirsthals, Denmark [North Sea]". Retrieved 2022-02-13.
  5. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-3-268 SE-BAG Hållö Island". Retrieved 2022-02-13.
  6. ^ AIN FBO survey Archived 2010-08-12 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Flygbolaget BRA: Alla avgångar inställda
  8. ^ "Trafikstart för Tvärbanan till Bromma flygplats". Stockholms Läns Landsting (in Swedish). Retrieved 18 May 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Magnusson, Mattias (2021-04-21). "När kan bostäder byggas på Bromma?". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). ISSN 1101-2412. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  10. ^ - Sweden Looks To Shut Down Bromma Airport 3 May 2021
  11. ^ Sweden, Radio (2021-08-31). "Closure of Bromma airport possible in coming years, report says". Sveriges Radio. Retrieved 2021-10-26.
  12. ^ "Sweden Looks To Shut Down Bromma Airport". Simple Flying. 2021-05-03. Retrieved 2021-10-26.
  13. ^ Swedavia – Bromma Timetable retrieved 18 February 2018
  14. ^ "Fly Aarhus-Stockholm Bromma with BRA".
  15. ^ a b c "BRA börjar flyga på Bromma igen och öppnar nu bokningen för de 10 första flyglinjerna". Flygbolaget BRA Pressrum (in Swedish). Retrieved 7 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ "BRA lanserar ny flyglinje från Helsingfors till Bromma". turismnytt (in Swedish). December 2021. Retrieved 10 December 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ "BRA Adds Vaxjo – Kristianstad from late-August 2023".
  18. ^ a b "BRA återupptar sina linjer till Ronneby och Växjö". Flygbolaget BRA Pressrum (in Swedish). Retrieved 7 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ "BRA flyger två linjer till Sälen i sommar". Flygbolaget BRA Pressrum (in Swedish). Retrieved 7 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. ^ "BRA flyger till Skellefteå i sommar från Stockholm och Göteborg". Flygbolaget BRA Pressrum (in Swedish). Retrieved 7 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ "Brussels airlines trades Bromma for Arlanda". 16 June 2023.
  22. ^ "Finnair NW23 International Frequency Variations – 14MAY23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 15 May 2023.
  23. ^ "Klart för återstart av reguljärflyg mellan Trollhättan-Vänersborg och Bromma" [Ready for restart of regular air route between Trollhättan-Vänersborg and Bromma] (in Swedish). Trollhättan Vänersborg Airport. 2021-12-08. Retrieved 2022-01-23.
  24. ^ "Återstart av flyglinje till Stockholm" [Restart of air route to Stockholm] (in Swedish). City of Trollhättan. 2021-12-17. Retrieved 2022-01-23.
  25. ^ Västflyg - Flyg till och från Stockholm Bromma från Trollhättan Vänersborg
  26. ^ "Antal ankommande och avresande passagerare på Swedavias flygplatser, 2022" (XLSX). Retrieved 16 January 2023.
  27. ^ "Flygplatsstatistik". Transportstyrelsen. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  28. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.

External links Edit