The Stinson Voyager was an American light utility monoplane built during the 1940s by the Stinson Aircraft Company.[1]

Voyager
Model 105 in 2005
Role Light utility monoplane
National origin United States
Manufacturer Stinson Aircraft Company
First flight 1939
Primary user United States Army
Number built 277 (Model 105)
775 (Model 10)
Variants Stinson Model 108

Development edit

First developed as the Stinson HW-75 and marketed as the Model 105 in 1939, the design was a high-wing three-seat braced monoplane powered by either a 75-hp (63.4-Kw) Continental A-75 or an 80-hp (67.7-Kw) Continental A-80-6.[1] This was developed into the Model 10 powered by a Continental A-80 piston engine.[1] The Model 10 introduced a wider cabin as well as an improved standard for the interior and finish.[1] The Model 10 was followed by the Model 10A, powered by a Franklin 4AC-199 engine and the Model 10B with a Lycoming GO-145. The 10A was the last of the series, but the first to be called "Voyager", a name that was retained for the post-war Stinson 108.[1]

Six Model 10s were evaluated by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) as the YO-54. The unsuccessful tests led Stinson to design an all-new aircraft designated Model 76, later known as the L-5 Sentinel.[1]

A number of Model 105s and Model 10As were impressed into USAAF service as the AT-19 (later L-9).[2]

After World War II, the type was developed as the Model 108, the prototypes being converted Model 10As.[2]

Variants edit

 
Stinson HW-75 at Langley
HW-75 (marketed as Model 105)
Production variant also known as the HW-75 with a Continental A-75 engine), or HW-80 with a Continental A-80 engine, 277 built.[2]
Model 10
Improved production variant with an 80 hp Continental A-80 engine, 260 built.[2]
Model 10A Voyager
Variant with a 90 hp Franklin 4AC-199 engine, 515 built (10A and 10B).The first of the series to bear the Voyager name.[2]
Model 10B
Variant with a 75 hp Lycoming GO-145 engine, 515 built (10A and 10B).[2]
YO-54
United States Army designation for six Model 10s for evaluation.[3]
AT-19A
Original military designation for eight Model 105s impressed in 1942, later changed to L-9A.[4]
AT-19B
Original designation for 12 impressed Model 10A Voyagers, later changed to L-9B.[4]
L-9A
Final designation for eight impressed Model 105 Voyagers, originally AT-19A.[4]
L-9B
Final designation for 12 impressed Model 10A Voyagers, originally AT-19B.[4]

Operators edit

  Brazil
  Canada
  United States

Specifications (Model 105) edit

Data from General Dynamics Aircraft and their Predecessors [5]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: two passengers
  • Length: 22 ft 2 in (6.76 m)
  • Wingspan: 34 ft 0 in (10.36 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)
  • Wing area: 155 sq ft (14.4 m2)
  • Airfoil: NACA 4412
  • Empty weight: 923 lb (419 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,580 lb (717 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental A-75-3 air-cooled flat-four, 75 hp (56 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 105 mph (169 km/h, 91 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 100 mph (160 km/h, 87 kn)
  • Range: 350 mi (560 km, 300 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 10,500 ft (3,200 m)
  • Rate of climb: 430 ft/min (2.2 m/s)

See also edit

Related development

Related lists

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Orbis 1985, p. 2960.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Simpson 1991, pp. 317–318,
  3. ^ Andrade 1979, p. 139.
  4. ^ a b c d Andrade 1979, p. 130.
  5. ^ Wegg 1990, p. 139.

Bibliography edit

  • Andrade, John. U.S.Military Aircraft Designations and Serials since 1909. Leicester, UK: Midland Counties Publications, 1979. ISBN 0-904597-22-9.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). London: Orbis Publishing, 1985.
  • Morareau, Lucien (September 1998). "Les oubliées des Antilles" [The Forgotten Ones of the Antilles]. Avions: Toute l'Aéronautique et son histoire (in French) (66): 30–37. ISSN 1243-8650.
  • Sapienza, Antonio Luis (June 2000). "Les premiers avions de transport commercial au Paraguay" [The First Commercial Transport Aircraft in Paraguay]. Avions: Toute l'Aéronautique et son histoire (in French) (87): 45–47. ISSN 1243-8650.
  • Simpson, R.W. Airlife's General Aviation. Shrewsbory, Shrops, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1991. ISBN 1-85310-194-X.
  • Wegg, John. General Dynamic Aircraft and their Predecessors. London: Putnam, 1990. ISBN 0-85177-833-X.

External links edit