Stillwater County, Montana

Stillwater County is a county in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2020 census, the population was 8,963.[1] Its county seat is Columbus.[2]

Stillwater County
Beartooth Mountains from Park City
Beartooth Mountains from Park City
Map of Montana highlighting Stillwater County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°40′N 109°23′W / 45.67°N 109.39°W / 45.67; -109.39
Country United States
State Montana
Founded1913
Named forStillwater River
SeatColumbus
Largest townColumbus
Area
 • Total1,805 sq mi (4,670 km2)
 • Land1,795 sq mi (4,650 km2)
 • Water9.2 sq mi (24 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,963
 • Estimate 
(2021)
9,044 Increase
 • Density5.0/sq mi (1.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.stillwater.mt.gov
  • Montana county number 32
Mouat chromite mine and mill, 1942

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,805 square miles (4,670 km2), of which 1,795 square miles (4,650 km2) is land and 9.2 square miles (24 km2) (0.5%) is water.[3]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
19207,630
19306,253−18.0%
19405,694−8.9%
19505,416−4.9%
19605,5262.0%
19704,632−16.2%
19805,59820.9%
19906,53616.8%
20008,19525.4%
20109,11711.3%
20208,963−1.7%
2021 (est.)9,044[4]0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States census,[9] there were 8,195 people, 3,234 households, and 2,347 families in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km2). There were 3,947 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.82% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.94% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 2.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.7% were of German, 11.8% Norwegian, 10.8% English, 10.6% Irish and 6.8% American ancestry.

There were 3,234 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.60% were married couples living together, 5.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94.

The county population contained 25.30% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 27.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 104.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,205, and the median income for a family was $45,238. Males had a median income of $32,148 versus $19,271 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,468. About 6.20% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 9,117 people, 3,796 households, and 2,657 families in the county.[10] The population density was 5.1 inhabitants per square mile (2.0/km2). There were 4,803 housing units at an average density of 2.7 per square mile (1.0/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.4% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 34.7% were German, 14.1% were Irish, 14.0% were English, 10.8% were Norwegian, and 6.9% were American.[12]

Of the 3,796 households, 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.0% were non-families, and 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 45.7 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $57,227 and the median income for a family was $65,438. Males had a median income of $51,830 versus $26,909 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,168. About 6.0% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.[13]

PoliticsEdit

Stillwater County is a heavily Republican county in presidential elections. It has not voted for a Democratic presidential candidate since Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936.

United States presidential election results for Stillwater County, Montana[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,462 77.95% 1,156 20.20% 106 1.85%
2016 3,661 75.13% 908 18.63% 304 6.24%
2012 3,337 70.97% 1,248 26.54% 117 2.49%
2008 2,991 64.09% 1,512 32.40% 164 3.51%
2004 3,090 73.34% 1,025 24.33% 98 2.33%
2000 2,765 70.57% 925 23.61% 228 5.82%
1996 1,871 49.24% 1,282 33.74% 647 17.03%
1992 1,390 38.19% 1,178 32.36% 1,072 29.45%
1988 1,920 56.82% 1,407 41.64% 52 1.54%
1984 2,118 65.01% 1,100 33.76% 40 1.23%
1980 1,828 61.26% 919 30.80% 237 7.94%
1976 1,446 54.88% 1,143 43.38% 46 1.75%
1972 1,698 67.95% 716 28.65% 85 3.40%
1968 1,347 61.20% 676 30.71% 178 8.09%
1964 1,140 50.20% 1,130 49.76% 1 0.04%
1960 1,455 58.41% 1,036 41.59% 0 0.00%
1956 1,540 60.32% 1,013 39.68% 0 0.00%
1952 1,689 67.02% 816 32.38% 15 0.60%
1948 1,137 54.48% 890 42.64% 60 2.87%
1944 1,201 56.07% 934 43.60% 7 0.33%
1940 1,255 50.71% 1,201 48.53% 19 0.77%
1936 1,034 42.69% 1,292 53.34% 96 3.96%
1932 1,085 44.23% 1,281 52.22% 87 3.55%
1928 1,687 70.06% 711 29.53% 10 0.42%
1924 1,412 59.88% 375 15.90% 571 24.22%
1920 1,721 70.50% 664 27.20% 56 2.29%
1916 918 42.01% 1,197 54.78% 70 3.20%


CommunitiesEdit

TownEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Ghost townsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  10. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  12. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  13. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  15. ^ Meyers Creek MT Google Maps (accessed January 7, 2019)
  16. ^ Reed Point MT Google Maps (accessed January 7, 2019)

Further readingEdit

  • Hooker, Patty; Museum of the Beartooths (2011). Columbus and Stillwater County. Images of America. Charleston SC: Arcadia Pub. ISBN 9780738574622.
  • Hooker, Patty (2013). Moccasins, Mining & Montana's 34th county: A Centennial Celebration of Stillwater County. Virginia Beach VA: Donning Co. ISBN 9781578648122.

Coordinates: 45°40′N 109°23′W / 45.67°N 109.39°W / 45.67; -109.39