Stewarts Lane is a large railway-servicing facility in Battersea in London, England, founded by the London Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR) in 1862, to serve London Victoria railway station. It is sited in the midst of a maze of railway lines between 'Factory Junction' and 'Stewarts Lane Junction', adjacent to the site of the former Longhedge Railway Works. Prior to 1962 it was one of the largest motive power depots in the UK. Following the end of steam traction in the early 1960s it was converted into a Traction Maintenance Depot which is currently operated by Govia Thameslink Railway.
The depot in 1998. The steam shed was situated in front of the viaduct.
|Location||Battersea, United Kingdom|
|Owner(s)||DB Cargo UK, Govia Thameslink Railway|
|Depot code(s)||SL (1973-)|
|Original||London Chatham and Dover Railway|
|BR region||Southern Region|
|Former depot code(s)|
Motive power depotEdit
In 1860 the London, Chatham and Dover Railway purchased 75 acres (300,000 m2) of land in Battersea, formerly part of the Long Hedge farm, to establish their locomotive works and the motive power depot, to provide motive power for services from the new London Victoria railway station (then under construction). The depot was originally known as ‘Longhedge’. In February 1862 a semi-roundhouse running shed was opened with space for 26 locomotives. The site was expanded in 1875/6 with 40 tracks around the central turntable, although only half were under cover.
The original depot was demolished in 1880/1 and replaced by a larger 16-road through shed on the same site, which was officially known as Stewarts Lane – but usually referred to as ‘The Lane’ or ‘Longhedge’ by the men. A coaling stage, turntable and wheel drop were provided. The depot was re-organised and a large mechanical coaling plant was added to enable the depot to deal with an increased locomotive allocation after 1932, following the closure of the nearby London Brighton and South Coast Railway Battersea shed. Which is often confused with Stewarts Lane, but was a separate Roundhouse type shed on the other side of the LBSCR mainline from Stewarts Lane. Stewarts Lane was provided with an asbestos roof in 1934 It suffered from bomb damage during the Second World War, some of which was never repaired. Otherwise it remained largely unchanged until closure to steam in 1963. Thereafter the tracks remained in use for stabling diesel locomotives, although much of the original building was destroyed by fire in 1967.
Traction maintenance depotEdit
A new asbestos carriage shed was built adjacent to the running shed in the late 1950s and equipped with third rail electrification to enable it to service both electric multiple units (EMUs) and electric locomotives. During the 1960s the former goods shed on the site was also converted to service diesel and electric locomotives, and both remain in use for the Stewarts Lane Traction maintenance depot. The depot currently operates as two separate facilities by both DB Cargo UK and Govia Thameslink Railway.
Stewarts Lane was the largest depot of the former LCDR, providing express passenger locomotives from Victoria and Holborn Viaduct stations to Dover, Ramsgate and Ashford, and suburban trains to Bromley, Crystal Palace and Greenwich Park. After the formation of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway in 1899 the depot became the largest on the new system, with an allocation of well over 100 locomotives. The allocation declined in the early years of the Southern Railway, after 1923, as more suburban lines were electrified, but then increased dramatically to more than 170 locomotives in 1934 after it took over from the former Battersea shed. 159 locomotives were allocated there in 1939 including large numbers of King Arthur and Lord Nelson classes.
During the early 1950s there were still 126 locomotives allocated and 700 men employed at Stewarts Lane, and the allocation included Pacific locomotives of the Merchant Navy, West Country and Battle of Britain classes and, for a short period, two Britannia class locomotives. The number of locomotives began to decline rapidly after 1959 following the electrification of the Chatham Main Line.
Today part of the depot is operated by DB Cargo UK, as a special trains operating unit. The 14-road main shed provides a home to the Class 387 electric units of the Gatwick Express, and the Pullman carriages of the Venice Simplon Orient Express (VSOE Southern Division), and is operated by Govia Thameslink Railway. It also acts as a servicing and staging points for steam locomotives operating both the VSOE, and some other special trains starting from the London area. Currently stabled steam locomotives include SR 4-6-2 Merchant Navy Class No.35028 Clan Line and LNER Peppercorn Class A1 No.60163 Tornado.
- "The all-time guide to UK Shed and Depot Codes" (PDF). TheRailwayCentre.com. 5 May 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
- Bradley 1979, p. 12
- Hawkins & Reeve 1979, p. 83
- Griffiths & Smith 1999, p. 87
- Railway Correspondence and Travel Society 1982, p. 2
- Hardy, Richard (1999). "A Shedmaster's Life at Stewarts Lane".
- Bradley, D.L. (1979). The locomotive history of the London Chatham and Dover Railway. Railway Correspondence & Travel Society. ISBN 0-901115-47-9.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Griffiths, Roger; Smith, Paul (1999). The directory of British engine sheds. 1. Oxford: OPC. ISBN 0-86093-020-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Hawkins, Chris; Reeve, George (1979). An historical survey of Southern shed. Oxford: OPC. ISBN 0-86093-542-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Baker, S.K. Rail Atlas Great Britain & Ireland. ISBN 0-86093-553-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Railway Correspondence and Travel Society (1982). Southern Railway Locomotive Allocations 1939.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stewarts Lane TMD.|
An overhead view of the depot.