Stephen H. Sholes
|Birth name||Stephen Henry Sholes|
|Born||February 12, 1911|
|Died||April 22, 1968 (aged 57)|
|Genres||Rock, country, pop|
|Associated acts||Elvis Presley, Chet Atkins, Eddy Arnold, The Browns, Hank Snow, Jim Reeves|
Sholes was born in Washington, D.C. and moved with his family to Merchantville, New Jersey, at the age of nine, near where his father worked in the Victor Talking Machine Company plant in Camden. Sholes started work at Victor as a messenger boy in 1929 and worked part-time for the firm while a student at Rutgers University.
Scholes worked for a time in RCA Victor's radio division, but his experience playing saxophone and clarinet in dance bands led him to the record division. During World War II, he worked in the Army's V-disc operation, which made records for radio broadcast and for personal use by army personnel.
In 1945, he became head of the country division in Nashville, Tennessee and was responsible for recruiting such talent as Chet Atkins for RCA Victor. When he left Nashville, Atkins took over as head of the country music division. In the 1940s Sholes signed Eddy Arnold, The Browns, Hank Locklin, Homer and Jethro, Hank Snow, Jim Reeves, and Pee Wee King. In 1955, he signed Elvis Presley for RCA Victor. He eventually had fifteen chart topping hit singles in the UK as a record producer for Presley. In 1982 he reached fourth place on the list of most successful record producers on the UK charts.
He convinced RCA to build its own recording studio in Nashville on Seventeenth Avenue South in 1957. He became the company's pop singles manager the same year, pop singles and albums manager in 1958, and West Coast manager in 1961. The latter promotion took him to Los Angeles, California. In 1963, Sholes became RCA Victor vice president for pop A&R and returned to New York.
He served on the Country Music Association (CMA) and Country Music Foundation (CMF) boards of directors. Sholes was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame, which he had worked to create, in 1967.
Sholes died in Nashville of a heart attack at the age of 57. At the time of his death he was visiting to see his longtime friends, Homer and Jethro, record a live album at Vanderbilt University. He was driving to the school when he was stricken.
- Countrymusichalloffame.com Archived 2007-01-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Cusic, Don. Discovering Country Music, p. 62. ABC-CLIO, 2008. ISBN 0313352453. Accessed July 3, 2012. "Sholes was born in Washington, DC, on February 12, 1911, and lived there until he was nine when the family moved to Merchantville, New Jersey. After high school, he attended Rutgers University and continued to work at RCA Victor part time."
- "Biography by Bruce Eder". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2008-11-16.
- Rice, Jo (1982). The Guinness Book of 500 Number One Hits (1st ed.). Enfield, Middlesex: Guinness Superlatives Ltd. p. 262. ISBN 0-85112-250-7.
- Rumble, John. (1998). "Steve Sholes". In The Encyclopedia of Country Music. Paul Kingsbury, Ed. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 483.