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Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc., located at 1 Apple Park Way in Cupertino, California, United States. It opened to employees in April 2017, while construction was still underway. Its research and development facilities are occupied with over 2,000 people. It replaced the original headquarters at 1 Infinite Loop, which opened in 1993.[6]

Apple Park
Apple Park satellite view May 2017.jpg
Apple Park satellite view during construction in May 2017.
Apple Park is located in California
Apple Park
Location within California
Alternative names Apple Campus 2
General information
Status Construction Completed
Architectural style Neo-futurism
Location Cupertino, California
Address 1 Apple Park Way
Country United States
Coordinates 37°20′5″N 122°0′32″W / 37.33472°N 122.00889°W / 37.33472; -122.00889Coordinates: 37°20′5″N 122°0′32″W / 37.33472°N 122.00889°W / 37.33472; -122.00889
Groundbreaking November 2013
Opening April 2017[1]
Cost $5 billion (the land cost was estimated at $160 million)[2]
Owner Apple Inc.
Circumference 1 mile
Other dimensions Accommodating more than 12,000 staff[1]
Technical details
Floor count 4[3]
Floor area 2,800,000 sq ft (260,000 m2)[3]
Grounds 175 acres (71 hectares)[1]
Design and construction
Architect Norman Foster[4]
Architecture firm Foster and Partners[3]
Structural engineer Arup[5]
Services engineer Arup[5]
Other information
Parking 14,200

Its circular design and extreme scale have earned a media nickname of 'the spaceship'.[7][8][9] Located on a suburban site totaling 175 acres (71 hectares), it houses more than 12,000 employees in one central four-storied circular building of approximately 2,800,000 square feet (260,000 square meters). Steve Jobs wanted the whole campus to look less like an office park and more like a nature refuge. Eighty percent of the site consists of green space planted with drought-resistant trees and plants indigenous to the Cupertino area, and the center courtyard of the main building features an artificial pond.[9]



In April 2006, Apple's former CEO Steve Jobs announced to the city council of Cupertino that Apple had acquired nine contiguous properties to build a second campus, the Apple Campus 2.[10] The building was conceived by Jobs, and designed by Norman Foster. Jobs took Foster to the cathedral-like building on the Disney Pixar campus in Emeryville, which Jobs designed himself with the goal of keeping everything under one roof. He spent a large part of two years on the project before his death in October 2011.

Purchases of the needed properties were made through the company Hines Interests,[11][12] which in at least some cases did not disclose the fact that Apple was the ultimate buyer;[12] Philip Mahoney, a partner with a local commercial real estate brokerage, noted that this is common practice in attempts to arrange the purchase of contiguous land made up of multiple parcels with separate owners, in order to keep costs from skyrocketing and not reveal the company's plans to competitors.[12] Among the sellers of the properties were SummerHill Homes (a plot of 8 acres or 3.2 hectares) and Hewlett-Packard (three buildings of their campus in Cupertino), among others.[12]

Until April 2008, Apple had not sought the necessary permits to begin construction, so it was estimated that the project would not be ready in 2010 as originally proposed; however, the buildings on the site are held by Apple for its operations. In November 2010 the San Jose Mercury News revealed[13] that Apple had bought an additional 98 acres (40 ha) no longer used by HP Inc., just north across Pruneridge Ave. This space used to be the HP campus in Cupertino before it was relocated to Palo Alto.

On June 7, 2011, Steve Jobs presented to Cupertino City Council details of the architectural design of the new buildings and their environs.

On October 15, 2013, Cupertino City Council unanimously approved Apple's plans for the new campus after a six-hour debate.[14] Shortly thereafter, demolition work began to prepare the site for construction.[15]

On February 22, 2017, Apple announced the official name of the campus to be "Apple Park", and the auditorium to be named "Steve Jobs Theater".[1]

Originally expected to break ground in 2013 and open in 2015, the project experienced delays and started in 2014.[16][17] The campus opened in April 2017, despite continued construction work. This was followed by the first event at Steve Jobs Theater, which took place on September 12, 2017.

As a consequence of the presence of Apple Park in the area, surrounding streets have met with both increased tourism, along with rising real estate values of local housing, often drawing in Apple employees wanting to live near to work.[18][19]


I-280 and Stevens Creek Blvd., San José and Cupertino, California, showing Apple Park
Apple Park satellite view during construction in May 2017. The original Apple Campus is visible near the top.

Apple Park is located one mile east of the original Apple Campus. Apple has had a presence in Cupertino since 1977, which is why the company decided to build in the area rather than move to a cheaper, distant location. The campus is also next to a contaminated site under Superfund legislation with a groundwater plume.[20]


Steve Jobs, in his last public appearance before his death in October 2011:

It's got a gorgeous courtyard in the middle, and a lot more. It's a circle, so it's curved all the way round. This is not the cheapest way to build something. Every pane of glass in the main building will be curved. We have a shot, at building the best office building in the world. I really do think that architecture students will come here to see it.[21]

The ring-shaped building, advertised as "a perfect circle," was not originally planned as such. The inner rim and outer rim on each floor are left open as walkways. There are 8 buildings, separated by 9 mini-atria. The campus is one mile in circumference, with a diameter of 1,512 feet (461 meters). The one circular building houses most employees. It is four stories above the ground and three stories underground. Apple created life-size mock-ups of all parts of the building to iron out any design issues.

The design hides the roads and parking spaces underground. The campus uses only glass for its walls and views of the inner courtyard or to the landscape facing the exterior of the building. Around 83,000 sq ft (7,700 m2) of space is for meetings and breakout spaces in the building. The inner part of the circular building contains a 30-acre (12 ha) park featuring a pond, with fruit trees and winding pathways inspired by fruit orchards of California.

Steve Jobs wanted no seam, gap, or paintbrush stroke visible for a clean fit and finish. He was inspired by the main quad on Stanford University.

All interior wood used for furniture was harvested from a certain species of maple, with Apple working with construction companies from 19 countries for design and material supply.

A breathing, hollow concrete slab acts as the building's floors, ceilings, and HVAC system. A total of 4,300 such slabs have been used for building. Some of the slabs weigh 60,000 pounds (27,000 kilograms).

During construction, the building core and shell were started by DPR/Skanska, but they were removed from the job for undisclosed reasons. Rudolph & Sletten and Holder Construction worked to complete core and shell along with the interior fit-out.

Panorama of Apple Park under construction, July 2016


Apple Park main building (light green) compared to large ships and buildings:
  The Pentagon, 1,414 feet, 431 m
  RMS Queen Mary 2, 1,132 feet, 345 m
  USS Enterprise, 1,123 feet, 342 m
  Hindenburg, 804 feet, 245 m
  Yamato, 863 feet, 263 m
  Empire State Building, 1,454 feet, 443 m
  Knock Nevis, ex-Seawise Giant, 1,503 feet, 458 m
  Apple Park, 1,522 feet, 464 m

The land cost was estimated at $160 million. In 2011, the budget for Apple’s Campus 2 was less than $3 billion.[22] However, in 2013 the total cost was estimated to be closer to $5 billion.[22][23]

Energy supplyEdit

Apple states that the entire complex may eventually be powered entirely from renewable energy. The whole site is one of the most energy-efficient buildings in the world.[1] The solar panels installed on the roof of the campus can generate 17 megawatts of power, sufficient to power 75% during peak daytime,[24] and making it one of the biggest solar roofs of the world. The other 4 megawatts are generated onsite using Bloom Energy Server fuel cells, which are powered by biofuel or natural gas.[25] The air flows freely between the inside and outside of the building, providing natural ventilation and obviating the need for HVAC systems during nine months of the year.[1]



The campus has seven cafés, with the largest being a three-level café for 3,000 sitting people. It has light-colored stone lining and glass railing with no metal support, and is surrounded by extensive landscaping. The mezzanine space of 20,000 sq ft (1,900 m2) can accommodate 600 people and 1,750 seats on terraces outside, with a capacity to serve 15,000 lunches a day, housed by specially designed 500 tables made of solid spesshart white oak, measuring 18 ft (5.5 m) long and 4 ft (1.2 m) wide.[citation needed]

The sports tables and benches resemble those in Apple Stores. The large doors of the three-level restaurant are 92 ft (28 m) tall, the biggest in the world. The café extends to the grassy landscaped area well beyond the glass walls, and offers al fresco dining in an area Apple has called the glade.[citation needed]


External view of the Steve Jobs Theater at Apple Park in Cupertino, California, USA. Taken before the beginning of Apple's first shareholder meeting held in the theater.

Officially known as the Steve Jobs Theater,[1] after the co-founder and former CEO of Apple, the facility is located atop a hill on the campus. It is an underground, 1,000-seat auditorium intended for Apple product launches and press meets. It has a large above-ground cylinder-shaped lobby with stairs down to the auditorium. The theater has 350 parking spaces on North Tantau and a pedestrian path leading to the main campus located northwest of the theater. This provides Apple with more control over product releases and unveilings.

The theater's lobby has cylindrical-shaped glass walls and no support columns, which give an unhindered 360-degree view of the campus. The 80-short-ton (73-metric-ton) carbon fiber roof, made of 44 identical panels, was supplied by the Dubai-based company, Premier Composite Technologies. Each panel is 70 ft (21 m) long and 11 ft (3.4 m) wide and locks in the middle with the other panels.[26] It is the largest carbon-fiber roof and the largest glass-supported structure in the world.[27]

The theater also includes a 42-foot (13 m) high glass elevator that rotates 171 degrees from the bottom to upper lobby level. The elevator is made from chemically-tempered glass, and is considered to be the tallest free-standing, glass elevator in the world.[27]

Its first-ever press event was held on September 12, 2017 at 10:00 PDT, where the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone X, Apple Watch Series 3 and Apple TV 4K were announced.[28]

Panorama of the Auditorium in the Steve Jobs Theater at Apple Park in Cupertino, California, USA. Taken before the beginning of Apple's first shareholder meeting held in the theater.

Wellness CenterEdit

A 100,000 square foot fitness center is located in the northwest of the campus. It can serve up to 20,000 employees from around the area. Apart from gym equipment, the fitness center features other amenities like changing rooms, showers, laundry services, and rooms for group sessions.[citation needed]

Research and development facilityEdit

The research and development facilities feature two large 300,000 square feet (28,000 m2) buildings on the southern edge of the campus. The top floor of each building houses the department comprising industrial design and human interface teams headed by design chief Jonathan Ive.[citation needed]



Employees traveling by bus will board and depart from the subterranean bus station, which leads to the main campus via two white staircases.[citation needed] The area is also served by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, which runs local bus service from Cupertino to nearby cities.


Parking is located both underground and in two large parking structures accommodating approximately 14,200 employees.[29] Cupertino regulations required a minimum of 11,000 parking spaces,[30] 700 of which have electric vehicle charging stations.[31]

There are 2,000 parking spaces in the subterranean parking garage. The parking is managed by sensors and apps, which manage the traffic and parking spaces.[32]


There are 1,000 bikes on the campus for employees to get around, with miles of cycling and jogging trails all over the 175-acre (71 ha) campus.[citation needed] There are an additional 2,000 bicycle parking spaces in the subterranean car parking garage.[32]

Apple Park Visitor CenterEdit

Apple Park Visitor Center on 10600 N Tantau Ave Cupertino. Visitors seen using Augmented Reality iPads for exploring Apple Park model.

Apple Park Visitor Center is a two-story 20,135 sq ft (1,870.6 m2) structure with four main areas: an Apple Store[33] featuring Apple-branded merchandise (T-shirts, hats, tote bags, post cards) not sold at regular Apple stores[34], a 2,386 sq ft (221.7 m2) café, an exhibition space which currently showcases a 3D model of Apple Park with augmented reality, and a roof terrace overlooking the campus. It opened to the public on November 17, 2017.[35][36] The estimated cost of the center is $80M.[37] The property at 10600 N. Tantau (NE corner of Tantau and Pruneridge) is across the road from the campus proper and abuts a Santa Clara residential neighborhood.[38] The underground parking garage, with close to 700 spaces, has an estimated cost of $26 million.



Park under construction, January 2016

When construction is complete, 80% of the campus will consist of green space.[39] The big courtyard in the middle of the main building will be verdant with apricot, olive, and apple orchards, as well as an herb garden near the cafe. The plants selected for the campus landscape are drought tolerant. Recycled water is used to water the campus.[citation needed]

Apple hired a leading arborist, Dave Muffly, from Stanford University to cultivate California's natural environment around the campus. There are 9,000 trees on the campus, of 309 varieties of indigenous species.[1][9] The planted trees are Oak savanna, Oak wood, and fruit trees including apricot, apple, plum, cherry and persimmon. An additional 15 acres (6 ha) are used for a native California grassland.[40] Of the 4,506 trees on the former campus, 1,000 are replanted on the new campus. Their arborist grew more than 4,600 trees in various nurseries which were transplanted to the campus. These include both young and mature trees, and native and drought-tolerant plants that thrive in Santa Clara County with minimal water consumption.[citation needed]

The trees on the perimeter have been retained and more will be moved to the perimeter, to act as a natural fence.[citation needed]

Historic barnEdit

The land that Apple purchased for the campus came with an old barn that was built in 1916 by John Leonard using redwood planks. Leonard married into the Glendenning Family, who immigrated to the United States from Scotland and settled in the area in the 1850s. After Apple purchased the property, there were discussions between Apple, the City of Cupertino, and the Cupertino Historical Society as to the fate of the barn. The city had an interest in the fate of the barn, because the city declared the barn in 2004 as a historical site.[41]

Eventually Apple agreed to keep the barn on the property, and is using it to "store maintenance tools and other landscaping materials". The barn was disassembled during the campus construction and then reassembled in a different location from where it was originally located.[42][43]

Inner courtyardEdit

The inner courtyard is 30 acres (12 ha), and covered in fruit trees with a pond. Measurements of the Apple inner courtyard "central park" via Google Earth yields 24.7 acres.[citation needed]


Night aerial view of the newly opened Apple Park and Cupertino in December 2017

The design of the Apple Park campus has been called the "ultimate example" of suburban office parks, which have been in decline as companies seek to relocate to urban areas with better transit, bicycle, and pedestrian access.[44] Kaid Benfield of the Natural Resources Defense Council, a non-profit environmental advocacy group, criticized the proposed campus for contributing to existing suburban sprawl, with car-dependent features and waste of expensive real estate that could have been used for affordable housing.[45]


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External linksEdit