Stephen, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken

Stephen of Simmern-Zweibrücken (German: Stefan Pfalzgraf von Simmern-Zweibrücken) (23 June 1385 – 14 February 1459, Simmern) was Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken from 1410 until his death in 1459.[1]

Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken
Stefan, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken
Born23 June 1385
Died14 February 1459(1459-02-14) (aged 73)
Noble familyWittelsbach
Spouse(s)Anna of Veldenz
FatherRupert of Germany
MotherElisabeth of Nuremberg

Life edit

He was the son of King Rupert of Germany and his wife Elisabeth of Nuremberg. After the death of Rupert the Palatinate was divided between four of his surviving sons. Louis III received the main part, John received Palatinate-Neumarkt, Stephen received Palatinate-Simmern and Otto received Palatinate-Mosbach.

In 1410, Stephen married Anna of Veldenz, who died in 1439. After the death of Anna's father in 1444, Stephen also gained control of Veldenz and of the Veldenz share of Sponheim. In the same year, he also divided the country between his sons Frederick I, who became Count Palatine of Simmern, and Louis I, who became Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. In 1448 he succeeded to one part of Palatinate-Neumarkt and sold the other to his younger brother Otto[citation needed].

He was buried in the Schlosskirche (German: palace church), formerly the church of the Knights Hospitallers in Meisenheim[citation needed].

Family edit

Stefan of Simmern-Zweibrücken and Anna of Veldenz had issue:

  1. Anne (1413 – 12 March 1455)
  2. Margaret (1416 – 23 November 1426)
  3. Frederick I (24 April 1417 – 29 November 1480)
  4. Rupert (1420 – 17 October 1478)
  5. Stephen (1421 – 4 September 1485) Canon in Strasbourg, Mainz, Cologne, Speyer and Liège
  6. Louis I (1424 – 19 July 1489)
  7. John (1429–1475), Archbishop of Magdeburg

Ancestry edit

References edit

  1. ^ Ludwig Molitor: Vollständige Geschichte der ehemals pfalz-bayerischen Residenzstadt Zweibrücken, Zweibrücken 1885
Stephen, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken
Born: 1385 Died: 1459
German royalty
Regnal titles
Preceded by Count Palatine of Simmern
Succeeded by
Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Succeeded by
Preceded by Count at Sponheim
Succeeded by
Count of Veldenz
Succeeded by