Stenkyrka Church

Stenkyrka Church (Swedish: Stenkyrka kyrka) is a medieval church in Stenkyrka on the Swedish island of Gotland. Although the current church dates from the 13th century, it was probably preceded by one of the earliest churches on Gotland at this site. Stenkyrka Church is dominated by its large tower and its interior is decorated with medieval murals. It belongs to the Church of Sweden and lies in the Diocese of Visby.

Stenkyrka Church
Stenkyrka kyrka
Igrexa de Stenkyrka.jpg
Stenkyrka Church, view of the exterior
Stenkyrka Church is located in Gotland
Stenkyrka Church
Stenkyrka Church
Location on Gotland
CountrySweden
DenominationChurch of Sweden
Administration
DioceseVisby

HistoryEdit

According to the Gutasaga, a man called Lickajr the Wise built one of the first churches on Gotland in Stenkyrka. If true, this first church was almost certainly wooden. The name Stenkyrka (literally in Swedish: stone church) implies that also the stone church is very early, from a time when buildings made of stone (rather than wood) was still a phenomenon unusual enough to give name to a place. This first, Romanesque church is also gone, but traces have been found and archaeologists have been able to determine that it was a small church with tower, nave and choir.[1][2]

The Romanesque church was successively replaced by the presently visible church starting in the mid-13th century. The choir was rebuilt first, followed by the nave, which was inaugurated by the bishop of Linköping in 1255. The tower was added during the 14th century, and modelled after three similar city churches (since destroyed) in Visby.[1][2]

The church underwent a restoration in 1954-55.[1]

ArchitectureEdit

The church is dominated by the large tower, described as one of the finest church towers on Gotland.[1] The church has two simple Romanesque portals and a Gothic tower portal. Inside, the church is richly decorated with murals, dating from three different periods. The oldest ones are from the middle of the 13th century and mainly ornamental. Later but from the same century are a number of paintings depicting imaginary animals, drapery and marble imitation. The most recent murals, from the end of the 14th century, depict figures and scenes from the bible.[1]

The furnishings are mostly from after the reformation. A finely carved crucifix dates from the late 14th century, and the baptismal font is from the 12th century. The church is also the location of the oldest dated gravestone on Gotland, from the year 1200.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Svahnström, Gunnar (1973). Lagerlöf, Erland (ed.). Gotlands kyrkor (in Swedish). Uddevalla: Rabén & Sjögren. pp. 242–245. ISBN 9129410355.
  2. ^ a b Andrén, Anders (2011). Det Medeltida Gotland. En arkeologisk guidebok (in Swedish). Lund: Historiska Media. pp. 172–174. ISBN 978-91-85873-83-8.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit