Stelgidopteryx (Baird, 1858) is a small genus of swallows. It contains two species:

Stelgidopteryx serripennis.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Hirundinidae
Subfamily: Hirundininae
Genus: Stelgidopteryx
S.F. Baird, 1858

S. serripennis
S. ruficollis

Image Scientific name Common name Subspecies Distribution
Stelgidopteryx serripennis.jpg Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern rough-winged swallow * Ridgway's rough-winged swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis ridgwayi North America
Southern rough-winged swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis ruficollis).JPG Stelgidopteryx ruficollis Southern rough-winged swallow partial migrant breeding in Central and South America

Adults of both species are brown on top with lighter underparts and a slightly forked tail. They nest in cavities but do not excavate their holes or form colonies.

These birds forage in flight over water or fields, usually flying low. They eat insects.

"Rough-winged" refers to the serrated edge feathers on the wing of this genus; this feature would only be apparent in the hand.


  • ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd ed.). Comstock Publishing. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2.
  • Hilty, Steven L. (2003). Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5.
  • Turner, Angela K.; Rose, Chris (1989). A Handbook to the Swallows and Martins of the World. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7470-3202-5.