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Stegodyphus is a genus of araneomorph spiders in the family Eresidae. The 21 species are distributed from Africa to Europe and Asia, with two species (S. manaus and S. annulipes) found in Brazil.

Stegodyphus
S.lineatus.jpg
Stegodyphus lineatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Family: Eresidae
Genus: Stegodyphus
Simon, 1873
Type species
Eresus lineatus
Latreille, 1817
Species

See text.

Diversity
21 species
Nest of S. dumicola
Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa
The community nesting spider, S. dumicola

At least three species are social spiders.[1] Several species are known to use ballooning as a method of dispersal.[2]

NameEdit

The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek stegos, meaning "covered".

SpeciesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Majer, M., et al. (2013). Habitat productivity constrains the distribution of social spiders across continents – case study of the genus Stegodyphus. Frontiers in Zoology 10:9.
  2. ^ Schneider, J. M., et al. (2001). Dispersal of Stegodyphus dumicola (Araneae, Eresidae): They do balloon after all! The Journal of Arachnology 29 114-16.
  3. ^ Kraus, O. & M. Kraus. (1992). Eresid spiders in the neotropics: Stegodyphus manaus n.sp. (Arachnida, Araneae, Eresidae). Verh. naturwiss. Ver. Hamburg 33 15-19.

ReferencesEdit