Stato da Màr
The Stato da Màr or Domini da Mar ("State/Domains of the Sea") was the name given to the Republic of Venice's maritime and overseas possessions, including Istria, Dalmatia, Albania, Negroponte, the Morea (the "Kingdom of the Morea"), the Aegean islands of the Duchy of the Archipelago, and the islands of Crete (the "Kingdom of Candia") and Cyprus. It was one of the three subdivisions of the Republic of Venice's possessions, the other two being the Dogado, i.e. Venice proper, and the Domini di Terraferma in northern Italy.
|State of the Sea|
Stato da Màr (vec)
|Overseas colonies of the Republic of Venice|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
|•||Pietro II Orseolo treaty
with Basil II
|•||First Ottoman–Venetian War||1463–79|
|•||Last Ottoman–Venetian War||1714–18|
|•||Fall of the Republic of Venice||12 May 1797|
The creation of Venice's overseas empire began around 1000 AD with the conquest of Dalmatia and reached its greatest nominal extent at the conclusion of the Fourth Crusade in 1204, with declaration of the acquisition of three octaves of the Byzantine Empire. However, most of this territory was never controlled by Venice, being held by the Greek Byzantine successor states (the Despot of Epirus, the Empire of Nicaea, and the Empire of Trebizond) and much of the rest was soon lost as the Byzantine Empire of Nicaea reconquered Constantinople in 1261.
However, for many centuries the "Stato da Màr" survived in the Balkans, mainly in the Adriatic sea that was even nicknamed "Mare di Venezia" (sea of Venice) on maps of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Later on, under increasing pressure from the Ottoman Empire, further residual territories were lost and re-organised until only Istria, Dalmatia, and the Venetian Ionian Islands were left when the Republic fell to Napoleon in 1797.
- Venetian Istria, including Istria, in modern Croatia
- Venetian Dalmatia, including Dalmatia and minor possessions in the hinterland, in modern Croatia
- Venetian Albania, including Bay of Kotor and minor possessions in the hinterland, in modern Montenegro
- Venetian Ionian Islands, Kingdom of Candia and various other possessions, in modern Greece
- Venetian Cyprus, former Kingdom of Cyprus
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stato da mar of the Republic of Venice.|
- Crowley, Roger (2011). City of Fortune - How Venice Won and lost a Naval Empire. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-24594-9.
- Da Mosto, Andrea (1937). L'Archivio di Stato di Venezia. Rome: Biblioteca d'Arte editrice.
- Mutinelli, Fabio (1851). Lessico Veneto. Venice: tipografia Giambattista Andreola.