States of India by Tamil speakers

This is a list of states and territories of India by number of people for whom Tamil is their mother tongue (first language).

State/territory 1981 census[a][b] 1991 census[c] 2001 census 2011 census
Tamil
pop.
[3]
% of
state
[3][4]
% of
Tamil
Tamil
pop.
[5]
% of
state
[5][6]
% of
Tamil
Tamil
pop.
[7]
% of
state
[7][8]
% of
Tamil
Tamil
pop.
[9]
% of
state
[9][10]
% of
Tamil
Tamil Nadu 41,045,591 85.35% 91.76% 48,434,744 86.71% 91.38% 55,798,916 89.41% 91.78% 63,753,997 88.37% 92.36%
Karnataka 1,385,313 3.76% 3.10% 1,728,361 3.84% 3.26% 1,874,959 3.55% 3.08% 2,110,128 3.45% 3.06%
Puducherry 534,560 89.18% 1.20% 720,473 89.19% 1.36% 861,502 88.42% 1.42% 1,100,976 88.22% 1.59%
Andhra Pradesh 654,463 1.23% 1.46% 753,484 1.13% 1.42% 769,685 1.01% 1.27% 713,848 0.84% 1.03%
Maharashtra 300,348 0.48% 0.67% 427,447 0.54% 0.81% 527,995 0.55% 0.87% 509,887 0.45% 0.74%
Kerala 603,188 2.39% 1.35% 616,010 2.12% 1.16% 596,971 1.87% 0.98% 502,516 1.50% 0.73%
Delhi 54,776 0.89% 0.12% 84,873 0.90% 0.16% 92,426 0.67% 0.15% 82,719 0.49% 0.12%
Andaman & Nicobar 26,485 14.81% 0.06% 53,536 19.07% 0.10% 62,961 17.68% 0.10% 57,830 15.20% 0.08%
Gujarat 21,852 0.06% 0.05% 34,498 0.08% 0.07% 37,092 0.07% 0.06% 40,072 0.07% 0.06%
Madhya Pradesh 32,152 0.06% 0.07% 38,562 0.06% 0.07% 24,848 0.04% 0.04% 20,544 0.03% 0.03%
West Bengal 19,447 0.04% 0.04% 25,797 0.04% 0.05% 20,238 0.03% 0.03% 15,930 0.02% 0.02%
Jammu & Kashmir 866 0.01% 0.00% n/a n/a n/a 9,494 0.09% 0.02% 14,728 0.12% 0.02%
Uttar Pradesh 3,455 0.00% 0.01% 15,569 0.01% 0.03% 13,665 0.01% 0.02% 14,444 0.01% 0.02%
Haryana 4,082 0.03% 0.01% 5,202 0.03% 0.01% 10,207 0.05% 0.02% 12,658 0.05% 0.02%
Punjab 3,280 0.02% 0.01% 6,271 0.03% 0.01% 12,339 0.05% 0.02% 10,389 0.04% 0.02%
Chhattisgarh - - - - - - 13,241 0.06% 0.02% 10,334 0.04% 0.01%
Jharkhand - - - - - - 12,913 0.05% 0.02% 10,061 0.03% 0.01%
Rajasthan 5,117 0.01% 0.01% 12,461 0.03% 0.02% 11,852 0.02% 0.02% 8,939 0.01% 0.01%
Goa 3,884 0.37% 0.01% 6,818 0.58% 0.01% 7,903 0.59% 0.01% 6,947 0.48% 0.01%
Odisha 8,906 0.03% 0.02% 11,502 0.04% 0.02% 8,709 0.02% 0.01% 6,155 0.01% 0.01%
Chandigarh 3,426 0.78% 0.01% 5,318 0.83% 0.01% 5,716 0.63% 0.01% 5,579 0.53% 0.01%
Assam n/a n/a n/a 1,770 0.01% 0.00% 5,672 0.02% 0.01% 5,229 0.02% 0.01%
Uttarakhand - - - - - - 2,215 0.03% 0.00% 2,584 0.03% 0.00%
Manipur 1,832 0.13% 0.00% 2,600 0.14% 0.00% 2,279 0.11% 0.00% 1,657 0.06% 0.00%
Arunachal Pradesh 548 0.09% 0.00% 887 0.10% 0.00% 1,595 0.15% 0.00% 1,246 0.09% 0.00%
Nagaland 258 0.03% 0.00% 1,166 0.10% 0.00% 1,441 0.07% 0.00% 1,127 0.06% 0.00%
Himachal Pradesh 458 0.01% 0.00% 569 0.01% 0.00% 1,066 0.02% 0.00% 1,038 0.02% 0.00%
Bihar 15,351 0.02% 0.03% 16,304 0.02% 0.03% 1,453 0.00% 0.00% 986 0.00% 0.00%
Tripura 131 0.01% 0.00% 423 0.02% 0.00% 1,312 0.04% 0.00% 929 0.03% 0.00%
Meghalaya 290 0.02% 0.00% 642 0.04% 0.00% 834 0.04% 0.00% 913 0.03% 0.00%
Sikkim 133 0.04% 0.00% 169 0.04% 0.00% 484 0.09% 0.00% 762 0.12% 0.00%
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 54 0.05% 0.00% 199 0.14% 0.00% 666 0.30% 0.00% 739 0.22% 0.00%
Lakshadweep 35 0.09% 0.00% 282 0.55% 0.00% 386 0.64% 0.00% 364 0.56% 0.00%
Daman & Diu - - - 100 0.10% 0.00% 348 0.22% 0.00% 320 0.13% 0.00%
Mizoram 108 0.02% 0.00% 331 0.05% 0.00% 431 0.05% 0.00% 306 0.03% 0.00%
India 44,730,389 6.76% 100.00% 53,006,368 6.32% 100.00% 60,793,814 5.91% 100.00% 69,026,881 5.70% 100.00%

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Excludes Assam where no census was carried out due to separatist insurgency.[1]
  2. ^ Household population only i.e. excludes people in institutions.
  3. ^ Excludes Jammu and Kashmir where no census was carried out due to separatist insurgency.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census shows drop in Assam population". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 30 March 2001. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  2. ^ Sugden, Joanna; Seervai, Shanoor (9 January 2015). "Where Are India's 2011 Census Figures on Religion?". The Wall Street Journal. New York, U.S.A. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b Padmanabha, P. (1987). Census of India 1981: Series 1 India Paper 1 of 1987 - Households and Household Population by Language Mainly Spoken in the Household (PDF). New Delhi, India: Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. p. 38. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  4. ^ Padmanabha, P. (1987). Census of India 1981: Series 1 India Paper 1 of 1987 - Households and Household Population by Language Mainly Spoken in the Household (PDF). New Delhi, India: Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Tabulations Plan of Census Year - 1991: Social & Cultural Tables - C-7 : Mother Tongue - C-7 Part A (i): Distribution of the 18 Scheduled Languages". Census of India. New Delhi, India: Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Tabulations Plan of Census Year - 1991: Primary Census Abstract - Primary Census Abstract Total : Primary Census Abstract Total". Census of India. New Delhi, India: Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Census Data Online - 2001: Data on Language - Part A: Distribution of the 22 Scheduled Languages – India, States & Union Territories – 2001 Census". Census of India. New Delhi, India: Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Census Data Online - 2001: Data on Language - Statement 2: Distribution of population by Scheduled and Other Languages - India, States and Union Territories - 2001". Census of India. New Delhi, India: Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  9. ^ a b "2011 Census Data: Data on Language and Mother Tongue - Part A : Distribution of the 22 scheduled languages - India/States/Union Territories - 2011 census" (PDF). Census of India. New Delhi, India: Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  10. ^ "2011 Census Data: Data on Language and Mother Tongue - Statement 2 : Distribution of population by Scheduled and other Languages India, States and Union Territories - 2011" (PDF). Census of India. New Delhi, India: Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 October 2018.