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The State of Brazil (Portuguese: Estado do Brasil) was one of the states of the Portuguese Empire, in the Americas during the period of Colonial Brazil.

State of Brazil

Estado do Brasil
Flag of the Principality of Brazil
Coat of arms of Colonial Brazil
Coat of arms
The State of Brazil in 1572.
The State of Brazil in 1572.
StatusState of the Portuguese Empire
CapitalSalvador (1645–1763)
Rio de Janeiro (1763–1815)
Common languagesPortuguese
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentAbsolute Monarchy
• 1621–1640
Philip IV of Spain
(Philip III of Portugal)
• 1750–1777
Joseph I of Portugal
Governor General/Viceroy 
• 1621
Luís de Sousa (governor)|Luís de Sousa
• 1806
Marcos de Noronha e Brito
• End of hereditary captaincies
• Transference of the capital to Rio de Janeiro
22 January 1808
• Elevation of Brazil to Kingdom
16 December 1815
CurrencyPortuguese Real
ISO 3166 codeBR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Governorate General of Brazil
State of Grão-Pará and Rio Negro
State of Maranhão and Piauí
United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves


In 1621, the Governorate General of Brazil was separated into two states, the State of Brazil and the State of Maranhão. The state was created in June 13, 1621 by Philip II of Portugal.[1]

With the creation of the state, Portuguese America now had two administrative units: the State of Maranhão, with its capital in São Luís, Maranhão, and the State of Brazil, whose capital was São Salvador.

The State of Brazil became a Viceroyalty in January 1763, when the capital of the State of Brazil was transferred from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro.


The State of Brazil originally included 12 of the original 15 captaincies, all except Ceará (which became subordinate to Pernambuco later) and Maranhão, two parts, which included the subcaptaincy of Para west of the Tordesillas Line at that time (north to south):

Captaincies created by the stateEdit



External linksEdit