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Malaysian flag in Merdeka Square

This is a list of flags used in Malaysia.

Contents

National flagsEdit

Flag Date (century) Use Description
  1963 onwards Flag of Malaysia Fourteen horizontal stripes alternating red and white; in the canton, a yellow crescent and 14-point star on a blue field.
  1963 onwards Flag of Malaysia (Banner display) Fourteen vertical stripes alternating red and white; in the canton, a yellow crescent and 14-point star pointing upward on a blue field.
  Civil Ensign of Malaysia A red field with the Flag of Malaysia in a blue-fimbriated canton.
  Government Ensign of Malaysia A blue field with the Flag of Malaysia in the canton. Example: used by the Marine Police of Royal Malaysian Police.

MonarchEdit

Flag Date (century) Use Description
  1963 onwards  Standard of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong The Jata Negara, the coat of arms of Malaysia, enwreathed by two sheaves of paddy on a yellow field.
  1963 onwards  Standard of the Raja Permaisuri Agong The coat of arms of Malaysia enwreathed by two sheaves of paddy on a light green field.
   Standard of the Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Vice King) or Regent The Jata Negara, the coat of arms of Malaysia, on two equal horizontal bands of yellow and blue.
   Standard of the Sultan of Johor A white field defaced with a blue crescent and nine-pointed star.
   Standard of the Permaisuri of Johor A blue field with white diagonal edges defaced with a white crescent and seven-pointed star.
1985 onwards  Standard of the Sultan of Perak The Arms of the Sultan of Perak enwreathed by two sheaves of paddy on a white field. The flag ratio 2:3 is used by official residence with the presence of the Sultan, while the flag ratio 1:2 is used by official residences the Sultan will reside.
Before 1985  Standard of the Sultan of Perak The Arms of the Sultan of Perak on a white field with the Flag of Perak in the canton.
   Standard of the Sultan of Terengganu The Arms of the Sultan of Terengganu enwreathed by two sheaves of paddy on a white field.
   Standard of the Sultan of Pahang The Pahang State Arms enwreathed by two sheaves of paddy on a white field.
   Standard of the Sultan of Kedah The Kedah Coat of Arms enwreathed by two sheaves of paddy on a yellow field.
   Standard of the Raja of Perlis The Perlis Coat of Arms on a yellow field.
   Standard of the Raja Permaisuri Perlis A yellow field with the yellow Perlis Coat of Arms in a blue canton.
   Standard of the Sultan of Selangor A red field defaced with the Arms of the Sultan of Selangor, with the yellow crescent and five-pointed stars in a red canton.

MilitaryEdit

Flag Date (century) Use Description
  Standard of the Commander-in-chief of the Malaysian Armed Forces Three equal horizontal bands of sky blue, red and blue, encircled by five gold five-pointed stars.
  Standard of the Malaysian Chief of Defence Forces Three equal horizontal bands of sky blue, red and blue, with four gold five-pointed stars.
  Flag of the Malaysian Armed Forces Three equal horizontal bands of sky blue, red and blue, with the crest of the Malaysian Armed Forces.
    Flag of the Malaysian Army A red field defaced with the crest of the Malaysian Army, with the Malaysian flag with black fimbriation in the canton.
  Non-Ceremonial Flag of Malaysian Army A red field defaced with the crest of the Malaysian Army
    Flag of the Royal Malaysian Air Force A sky blue field defaced with the Federal Star, with the Malaysian flag in the canton.
  Standard of the Chief of the Royal Malaysian Air Force A sky blue field defaced with the Crest of the Air Force and four stars, with the Malaysian flag in the canton.
   1968 onwards Naval ensign of the Royal Malaysian Navy A white field defaced with blue crossed kris and anchor, with the Malaysian flag in the canton.
  Standard of the Chief of Royal Malaysian Navy A white field defaced with blue crossed kris and anchor at the centre with four blue stars at each edge.
   1963 – 1968 Naval ensign of the Royal Malaysian Navy St. George's cross on a white field with the Malaysian flag in the canton.
   1957 – 1963 Naval ensign of the Royal Malayan Navy St. George's cross on a white field with the Malayan flag in the canton.
   1963 onwards Commissioning pennant of the Malaysian Navy
Camp Gate Flag of the Royal Malay Regiment
Camp Gate Flag of the Royal Military Police Corps
Camp Gate Flag of the Royal Artillery Regiment

Law Enforcement FlagsEdit

Flag Date (century) Use Description
   1998 - present Flag of the Royal Malaysian Police Dark blue field with the crest of the Royal Malaysian Police.
   2005 - present Ensign of the Malaysian Coast Guard A blue field defaced with the Crest of the Malaysian Coast Guard, with the Malaysian flag in the canton.

Administrative divisionsEdit

StatesEdit

Flag Date (century) Use Description
  1870 on Flag of the state of Perlis. Two equal horizontal bands of yellow and blue.
  1912 on Flag of the state of Kedah. A red field with the state coat of arms in the canton.
  1957 on Flag of the state of Penang. A blue, white and yellow vertical tri-colour defaced with a betel nut tree.
  1879 on Flag of the state of Perak. A white, yellow and black horizontal tri-colour.
  1923 on Flag of the state of Kelantan. A red field defaced with a white crescent and star and two white kris and spears.
  1953 on Flag of the state of Terengganu. A black field defaced with a white crescent and five-pointed star, with white at the edge.
  1903 on Flag of the state of Pahang. Two equal horizontal bands of white and black.
  1965 on Flag of the state of Selangor. Red and yellow quartered, with a white crescent and five-pointed stars in the canton.
  1895 on Flag of the state of Negeri Sembilan. A yellow field with two diagonal bands of red and black in the canton.
  1961 on Flag of the state of Melaka. Two equal bands of red and white, with a crescent and five-pointed star in a blue canton.
  1871 on Flag of the state of Johor. A blue field with an arranged crescent and five-pointed stars in a red canton.
  1988 on Flag of the state of Sarawak. A yellow field with two diagonal bands of red (top) and black, defaced with a nine-pointed star.
  1988 on Flag of the state of Sabah. A blue (top), white, and red tri-colour, with the silhouette of Mount Kinabalu on a light blue canton.

Federal territoriesEdit

A common flag for the three federal territories was adopted by the Ministry of the Federal Territories on 20 August 2006. The flag is to be used and flown on matters and ceremonies that involve all the federal territories as a whole. An example is in national sporting events; the unified contingent of the territories would be under this common flag. However, the usage of the individual territorial flags would be given preference in events relating to individual territories.[1]

Flag Date (century) Use Description
  2006 on Flag of the Federal Territories three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), blue, and red, there is a Malaysian coat of arms in centre of blue band.
  1990 on Flag of Kuala Lumpur blue with six equal horizontal stripes of red (top), and white in upper and lower, there is a yellow crescent and yellow fourteen-pointed stars in left within blue band. Before 2006, this flag is used to represent the entire Federal Territories.
  1984 on Flag of Labuan three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue, there is a yellow crescent and yellow fourteen-pointed stars in white band.
  2001 on Flag of Putrajaya three equal vertical bands of blue (top, double width), and yellow, there is a Malaysian coat of arms in yellow band.

HistoricalEdit

Sultanate flagsEdit

Flag Date (century) Use Description
  15th century – 1888 Flag of the Bruneian Empire, once rule most of the island of Borneo until Seludong (present-day Manila) and Banjarmasin in Kalimantan Yellow flag represented the Sultanate of Brunei.
  16th – 18th centuries Flag of the Sultanate of Sulu, once rule the eastern part of Sabah after the territory been given by the Sultanate of Brunei after they sending help to settling a civil war in Brunei, although this was denied as supported by a number of old resources.[2] Centre emblem represented the Sultanate of Sulu identity.
 
  17th century Flag of the Sultanate of Aceh, once rule the northern part of the island of Sumatra and certain parts of the Malay Peninsula. Represented the Acehnese identity.
  18th century – 1912 Flag of the Sultanate of Kedah Red flag represented the Sultanate of Kedah.
  1731 – 1881 Flag of the Sultanate of Bulungan, during the area of Tawau in Sabah was under the influence of this Sultanate Represented the Bulungan identity.
  1853 – 1887 The flag of the Pahang Kingdom under Bendahara dynasty Black flag represented the colour of Bendahara.
  1887 – 1903 The flag of the Sultanate of Pahang under Bendahara dynasty Black flag represented the colour of Bendahara, with a small vertical white stripe on the left side, represented the ruling Sultan .
  1855
18th century – 1912
18th century – 1879
Flag of the Sultanate of Johor
Flag of the Sultanate of Kelantan
Flag of the Sultanate of Perak
White flag of several Malay Sultanates.
  1855 – 1865 Flag of the Sultanate of Johor from 1855 to 1865 Black flag with a small white rectangle in the upleft.
  1865 – 1871 Flag of the Sultanate of Johor from 1865 to 1871 Black flag with a small red rectangle cross similar like the St Andrew's Cross in the upleft.
  1859 – 1965 Flag of the Sultanate of Selangor Quite similar with the current flag except for the yellow crescent and star.
  1912 – 1923 Flag of the Sultanate of Kelantan from 1912 to 1923 Encompasses a white flag with a blue border enveloping the top, fly, and hoist of the flag, and Jawi scriptures stylised as a feline. The tip of the tail is interpreted as "Kerajaan Kelantan" (denoting the Kelantanese government), while the main body of the animal-based scripture contains two passages from the Qur'an, an excerpt of the 13th ayat of the 61st surah, the Al-Saf.
  1912 – 1933 Flag of the Sultanate of Terengganu from 1912 to 1933 Black and white flag.
  1933 – 1947 Flag of the Sultanate of Terengganu from 1933 to 1947 Similar with the first flag but added with a crescent and star.

Colonial and national flagsEdit

Flag Date (century) Use Description
  1511 – 1641 Flag of Portuguese Malacca, a colony in the Portuguese Empire White rectangle centrally charged with the coat of arms bearing five castles on an ogival or heater-shaped shield and surmounted by an open royal crown.
  1641 – 1795 Flag of the VOC in Dutch Malacca Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue (bottom), with a small logo of the VOC in the centre.
  1795 – 1801 Flag of the Kingdom of Great Britain. Used by British Forces during the intermittent British occupation during the Napoleonic Wars The Flags of England and Scotland superimposed.
  1801 – 1818 Flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland A superimposition of the flags of England and Scotland with Saint Patrick's saltire.
  1818 – 1825 Flag of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. After the occupation and restoration of Dutch rule in Malacca the VOC had since gone bankrupt and all assets had transferred to the Batavian Republic which in turn turned into the United Kingdom of the Netherlands at the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Resulting in the use of the plain Dutch flag in Dutch Malacca A horizontal tricolour of red (Bright Vermilion), white, and blue (Cobalt Blue).
  1826 – 1895 Flag of the East India Company. With the establishment of the Straits Settlement, the East India Company ruled Malaya until it was designated a Crown Colony in 1867. Its design elements of the Union Jack in the canton and the red and white stripes is purportedly the reference behind the current Flag of Malaysia Numerous white and red stripes with the Union Flag of the United Kingdom in the canton.
  1826 – 1946 Flag of the Straits Settlements A blue ensign defaced with a white disc containing a red diamond, in which is a white inverted pall with three crowns, one on each arm.
  1946 – 1949 Flag of Penang A blue ensign defaced with the pre-1985 lesser arms of Penang.
  1946 – 1957 Flag of Malacca A blue ensign defaced with A Famosa motif.
  1946 – 1959 Flag of Singapore A blue ensign defaced with a white disc containing a crown within a red inverted pall.
  1896 – 1946
1946 – 1948
1948 – 1950
Flag of the Federated Malay States
Flag of the Malayan Union
Flag of the Federation of Malaya
Four equal horizontal bands of white (top), red, yellow, and black overlain in the centre by a small white ellipse bearing a running tiger.
  1895 – 1946 Naval ensign of the Federated Malay States Diagonally quartered white, red, black and yellow.
  1942 – 1945 Flag of the Empire of Japan. Used when Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Labuan were under Japanese military governing, and also used in Singapore and Brunei (was renamed to Shōnantō). Centred red disc on a white field.
  War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Centred red disc with 16 rays on a white field.
  1950 – 1963 Flag of the Federation of Malaya Eleven alternating red and white stripes with a dark blue rectangle, containing a gold crescent and eleven-pointed star, in the canton.
  1841 – 1848 Flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak The first flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak (1841–1848) using the St George's Cross, after the territory been ceded by the Sultanate of Brunei.
  1848 – 1870 Flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak The second flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak used from (1848–1870), with red and blue cross in the style of St. George's Cross. The Crown in the centre symbolises the Rajah of Sarawak.
  1870 – 1946
1963 – 1973
Flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak and later Flag of the state of Sarawak The third flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak, with red and black cross in the style of St. George's Cross. The black symbolises the ruling class, and the red the people. Similar as on the second flag, the Crown in the centre symbolises the Rajah. This flag was reintroduced upon independence.
  1946 – 1963 Flag of the Crown Colony of Sarawak After World War II Sarawak becomes a crown colony. A blue ensign defaced with the former Kingdom Badge was adopted.
  1882 – 1948 Flag of North Borneo A blue ensign defaced with the badge of North Borneo Chartered Company.
  Civil ensign of North Borneo A red ensign defaced with the badge of North Borneo Chartered Company.
  1948 – 1963 Flag of Crown Colony of North Borneo After World War II North Borneo becomes a crown colony. A blue ensign was adopted with the new badge instead that of North Borneo Company.
  1912 – 1946 Flag of the Crown Colony of Labuan A blue ensign defaced with a ship.

State flagsEdit

Flag Date (century) Use Description
   1949 – 1957 State flag of Penang (1949–1957) Similar with the current flag except with a blue and white breakwater.
   1973 – 1988 Flag of the state of Sarawak (1973–1988). The 'Trisakti' Flag introduced to replace the colonial era flag A horizontal bicolour of red and white with a blue triangle on the hoist.
   1963 – 1982 Flag of the state of Sabah Four equal horizontal bar of red, white, yellow and blue, with the brown silhouette of Mount Kinabalu in a green canton.
   1982 – 1988 A horizontal bicolour of blue and white with a red triangle on the hoist.
  1959 – 1965 Flag of the state of Singapore (Negeri Singapura). When Singapore exited the federation, the flag was maintained as the National flag of the Republic of Singapore. Prior to its exit, it was the only state flag in Malaysia not to have a 1:2 ratio. A horizontal bicolour of red over white, charged in white in the canton with a crescent facing, towards the fly, a pentagon of five stars.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wilayah Persekutuan
  2. ^ Rozan Yunos (7 March 2013). "Sabah and the Sulu claims". The Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2013.

Flag dates published referencesEdit

External linksEdit