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State adjutant general

State Adjutant General Texas historical marker in Camp Mabry

Each state in the United States has a senior military officer, as the state adjutant general, who is de facto commander of a state's military forces, including the National Guard, the naval militia, and any state defense forces. This officer is known as TAG (The Adjutant General), and is subordinated to the chief executive (generally the state's governor).

Contents

Source of appointmentEdit

In 48 states (49 beginning in 2016),[1] Puerto Rico, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands, the adjutant general is appointed by the governor. The exceptions are Vermont, where the adjutant general is appointed by the legislature; South Carolina, where the adjutant general is elected by the populace. However, beginning in 2016, the South Carolina Adjutant General will be appointed by the governor;[1] and the District of Columbia, where a commanding general is appointed by the President of the United States of America.[2]

ResponsibilitiesEdit

Each adjutant general shares a common responsibility for the state’s National Guard plus a unique set of other responsibilities defined by the state’s constitution, state statutes, and other state-level directives. In addition to their state responsibilities, each TAG is responsible to the federal government for the use and care of federal assets under the state's control. The National Guard Bureau (NGB) in the Department of Defense provides a centralized administrative, funding, and procurement process to support the states' military departments. The commander of the NGB also provides input as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on national military activities as they relate to the National Guard.

The 54 adjutants general collectively form the Adjutants General Association of the United States (AGAUS) which strives to enhance both state and national military security.[3] A professional military guard organization, the National Guard Association of the United States serves to lobby both Congress and the Executive branch about common needs of the Guard as a whole and also provide support to members of the National Guard.[4]

National GuardEdit

Each adjutant general commands their state’s Army and Air National Guard units which are not on federal active duty. When a National Guard unit is federalized it is moved from state command to the Department of Defense and placed under an Army or Air Force command.

State defense forcesEdit

Twenty-three adjutants general have responsibility for military land forces that comprise state level militias under the command of the various governors and generally have state support missions. Seven of these in addition to Illinois also have a naval militia division. Two adjutants general, Puerto Rico and Texas, are also responsible for an air support component.

Emergency management agenciesEdit

Some adjutant generals are responsible for oversight of the state’s emergency management organization. These groups are non-military organizations but have a close working relationship with the state’s National Guard and any state defense forces. They are the state level agency that works directly with the Federal Emergency Management Agency in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from disasters.

Homeland securityEdit

Some states have assigned their adjutant general the responsibility for overseeing homeland security. In other states, this responsibility may be assigned to the state’s law enforcement agency instead.

Veteran’s affairsEdit

Some states place their veteran’s affairs organization in the state’s military department under the oversight of the state adjutant general. Other states have an independent veteran's affairs department.

List of adjutants generalEdit

Each adjutant general is the senior officer in the state's military structure. Many hold federal rank as active duty general officers, but others may for a variety of reasons, including mandatory federal military retirement age, only hold general officer rank from their state.

Title[5] Adjutant General[5] State,
District, or
Insular area
Rank[5] Svc Assumed
office
Appointed
by
The Adjutant General of Alabama Sheryl E. Gordon Alabama Major General ARNG 2017[6] Governor
The Adjutant General of Alaska Laurel J. "Laurie" Hummel Alaska Major General (AK) ARNG 2015[7] Governor
The Adjutant General of Arizona Michael T. "Mick" McGuire Arizona Major General ANG 2013 Governor
The Adjutant General of Arkansas Mark H. Berry Arkansas Major General (AR) ANG 2015[8] Governor
The Adjutant General of California David S. Baldwin California Major General ARNG 2011[9] Governor
The Adjutant General of Colorado Michael A. Loh Colorado Major General ANG 2017[10] Governor
The Adjutant General of Connecticut Thaddeus J. Martin Connecticut Major General ANG 2005[11] Governor
The Adjutant General of Delaware Carol A. Timmons Delaware Major General ANG 2017[12] Governor
Commanding General
District of Columbia National Guard
William J. Walker
(Acting)
District of Columbia Brigadier General ARNG 2017[13] President
The Adjutant General of Florida Michael A. Calhoun Florida Major General ARNG 2015[14] Governor
The Adjutant General of Georgia Joseph F. Jarrard Georgia Major General (GA) ARNG 2015[15] Governor
The Adjutant General of Guam Roderick R. Leon Guerrero Guam Brigadier General ARNG 2015[16] Governor
The Adjutant General of Hawaii Arthur J. Logan Hawaii Major General (HI) ARNG 2015[17] Governor
The Adjutant General of Idaho Michael J. Garshak Idaho Brigadier General (ID) ARNG 2017[18] Governor
The Adjutant General of Illinois Richard J. Hayes, Jr. Illinois Major General ARNG 2015[19] Governor
The Adjutant General of Indiana Courtney P. Carr Indiana Major General ARNG 2015[20] Governor
The Adjutant General of Iowa Timothy E. Orr Iowa Major General ARNG 2009[21] Governor
The Adjutant General of Kansas Lee E. Tafanelli Kansas Major General ARNG 2011[22] Governor
The Adjutant General of Kentucky Stephen R. Hogan Kentucky Major General ARNG 2015[23] Governor
The Adjutant General of Louisiana Glenn H. Curtis Louisiana Major General ARNG 2011[24] Governor
The Adjutant General of Maine Douglas A. Farnham Maine Brigadier General ANG 2016[25] Governor
The Adjutant General of Maryland Linda L. Singh Maryland Major General ARNG 2015[26] Governor
The Adjutant General of Massachusetts Gary W. Keefe
Massachusetts Major General ANG 2016[27] Governor
The Adjutant General of Michigan Gregory J. Vadnais Michigan Major General ARNG 2011[28] Governor
The Adjutant General of Minnesota Jon A. Jensen Minnesota Major General ARNG 2017[29] Governor
The Adjutant General of Mississippi Janson D. Boyles Mississippi Major General ARNG 2016[30] Governor
The Adjutant General of Missouri Stephen L. Danner Missouri Major General ARNG 2009[31] Governor
The Adjutant General of Montana Matthew T. Quinn Montana Major General ARNG 2012[32] Governor
The Adjutant General of Nebraska Daryl L. Bohac Nebraska Major General ANG 2013[33] Governor
The Adjutant General of Nevada William R. Burks Nevada Brigadier General ANG 2009[34] Governor
The Adjutant General of New Hampshire William N. Reddel III New Hampshire Major General ANG 2009[35] Governor
The Adjutant General of New Jersey Michael L. Cunniff New Jersey Brigadier General ANG 2011[36] Governor
The Adjutant General of New Mexico Andrew E. Salas New Mexico Brigadier General ANG 2012[37] Governor
The Adjutant General of New York Anthony P. German New York Major General ANG 2016[38] Governor
The Adjutant General of North Carolina Gregory A. Lusk North Carolina Major General ARNG 2010[39] Governor
The Adjutant General of North Dakota Alan S. Dohrmann North Dakota Major General ARNG 2015 Governor
The Adjutant General of Ohio Mark E. Bartman Ohio Major General ANG 2015[40] Governor
The Adjutant General of Oklahoma Robbie L. Asher Oklahoma Major General ARNG 2015[41] Governor
The Adjutant General of Oregon Michael E. Stencel Oregon Major General ANG 2015[42] Governor
The Adjutant General of Pennsylvania Anthony J. Carrelli Pennsylvania Brigadier General ANG 2016[43] Governor
The Adjutant General of Puerto Rico Isabelo Rivera Puerto Rico Brigadier General ARNG 2017[44] Governor
The Adjutant General of Rhode Island Christopher P. Callahan Rhode Island Brigadier General ARNG 2015[45] Governor
The Adjutant General of South Carolina Robert E. Livingston, Jr. South Carolina Major General ARNG 2011[46] General Election
The Adjutant General of South Dakota Timothy A. Reisch South Dakota Major General ARNG 2011[47] Governor
The Adjutant General of Tennessee Terry M. "Max" Haston Tennessee Major General ARNG 2010[48] Governor
The Adjutant General of Texas. John F. Nichols Texas Major General ANG 2011[49] Governor
The Adjutant General of Utah Jefferson S. Burton Utah Major General ARNG 2012[50] Governor
The Adjutant General of Vermont Steven A. Cray Vermont Major General ANG 2013 Legislature
The Adjutant General of the
Virgin Islands of the United States
Deborah Y. Howell Virgin Islands of
the United States
Brigadier General[51] ARNG 2015[52] Governor
The Adjutant General of Virginia Timothy P. Williams Virginia Major General ARNG 2014[53] Governor
The Adjutant General of Washington Bret D. Daugherty Washington Major General ARNG 2012[54] Governor
The Adjutant General of West Virginia James A. Hoyer West Virginia Major General ARNG 2011[55] Governor
The Adjutant General of Wisconsin Donald P. Dunbar Wisconsin Major General ANG 2007[56] Governor
The Adjutant General of Wyoming Kenneth L. Reiner Wyoming Major General ARNG 2011[57] Governor

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b http://ballotpedia.org/South_Carolina_Appointment_of_Adjutant_General,_Amendment_2_(2014)
  2. ^ "Adjutants General", The Adjutants General Association Online Resources, The National Guard Association of the United States, retrieved April 6, 2012 
  3. ^ "Adjutants General Association of the United States | (AGAUS) National Guard of the United States". Retrieved 2012-12-09. 
  4. ^ "Who We Are and What We Do". Retrieved 2012-12-09. 
  5. ^ a b c "STATE ADJUTANTS GENERAL ROSTER" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  6. ^ "Adjutant General". Retrieved 2017-08-09. 
  7. ^ "DMVA Leadership". Retrieved 2015-01-30. 
  8. ^ "Major General (AR) Mark H. Berry". Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  9. ^ "Major General David S. Baldwin, The Adjutant General, California Military Department,". Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  10. ^ "The Adjutant General (TAG)". Retrieved 2017-05-09. 
  11. ^ "Documents - CTTAGBioSvc". Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  12. ^ "The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  13. ^ "Brigadier General William J. Walker". Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  14. ^ "Major General Michael A. Calhoun". Retrieved 2015-07-14. 
  15. ^ "Jarrard becomes head of Georgia Department of Defense". Retrieved 2015-02-25. 
  16. ^ "Brigadier General Roderick R. Leon Guerrero". Retrieved 2017-06-24. 
  17. ^ "The Adjutant General – Major General Arthur J. Logan". Retrieved 2015-10-02. 
  18. ^ "Idaho National Guard holds change-of-command ceremony". Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  19. ^ "Adjutant General, IL National Guard". Retrieved 2013-08-17. 
  20. ^ "Brig. Gen. Courtney Carr named adjutant general of Indiana". 13 WTHR Indianapolis. May 26, 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-01. 
  21. ^ "Major General Timothy E. Orr". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  22. ^ "Kansas Adjutant General's Department - TAG Biography". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  23. ^ "Major General (KY) Edward W. Tonini" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  24. ^ "The Adjutant General for Louisiana — Louisiana National Guard". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  25. ^ "Maine Army National Guard — Leadership". Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  26. ^ "MDNG: TAG Bio". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  27. ^ "The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2016-05-13. 
  28. ^ "Major General Gregory J. Vadnais". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  29. ^ "Governor Mark Dayton installs new Minnesota National Guard Adjutant General". Retrieved 2017-11-05. 
  30. ^ "Miss. Change of Command | Gallery". Retrieved 2016-09-03. 
  31. ^ "Missouri National Guard | The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  32. ^ "Brigadier General Matthew T. Quinn". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  33. ^ "Major General Daryl L. Bohac". Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  34. ^ "Brigadier General William R. Burks". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  35. ^ "Major General William N. Reddel III". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  36. ^ "Brigadier General Michael L. Cunniff". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  37. ^ "Governor appoints Salas to lead Guard". Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  38. ^ "Major General Anthony P. German". Retrieved 2016-07-18. 
  39. ^ "Major General Gregory A. Lusk". Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  40. ^ "Ohio governor swears in new leader of National Guard troops". Retrieved 2015-04-05. 
  41. ^ "Fallin Names Asher As Adjutant General, Others To Veterans Commission | The McCarville Report". mccarvillereport.com. Retrieved 2015-10-12. 
  42. ^ "Major Brigadier Michael E. Stencel". Retrieved 2015-10-17. 
  43. ^ "The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2017-06-24. 
  44. ^ "Brigadier General Isabelo . Rivera". Retrieved 2017-06-24. 
  45. ^ "New adjutant general sworn in for R.I. National Guard". Retrieved 2016-04-02. 
  46. ^ "Major General Robert E. Livingston, Jr". Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  47. ^ "Major General Timothy A. Reisch". Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  48. ^ "Major General Terry M. Haston". Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  49. ^ "Major General John F. Nichols". Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  50. ^ "www.ut.ngb.army.mil" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  51. ^ "PN619 — Col. Deborah Y. Howell — Army". U.S. Congress. Retrieved 2017-08-01. 
  52. ^ "Howell promoted to Brigadier General (VI)". Retrieved 2016-02-06. 
  53. ^ "Brigadier General Timothy P. Williams". Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  54. ^ "Major General (WA) Bret D. Daugherty". Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  55. ^ "Major General James A. Hoyer". Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  56. ^ "Major General (WI) Donald P. Dunbar". Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  57. ^ "Major General (WY) Kenneth L. Reiner". Retrieved 2012-11-24. 

External linksEdit