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State Adjutant General Texas historical marker in Camp Mabry

Each state in the United States has a senior military officer, as the state adjutant general, who is de facto commander of a state's military forces, including the National Guard, the naval militia, and any state defense forces. This officer is known as TAG (The Adjutant General), and is subordinated to the chief executive (generally the state's governor).

Contents

Source of appointmentEdit

In 49 states, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands, the adjutant general is appointed by the governor. The exceptions are Vermont, where the adjutant general is appointed by a vote of the Vermont General Assembly, and the District of Columbia, where a commanding general is appointed by the President of the United States of America.[1] Until 2016, South Carolina chose its adjutant general in statewide general elections, but after passage of a popular referendum, the holder of this position is now appointed by the governor.[2]

ResponsibilitiesEdit

Each adjutant general shares a common responsibility for the state's National Guard plus a unique set of other responsibilities defined by the state's constitution, state statutes, and other state-level directives. In addition to their state responsibilities, each TAG is responsible to the federal government for the use and care of federal assets under the state's control. The National Guard Bureau (NGB) in the Department of Defense provides a centralized administrative, funding, and procurement process to support the states' military departments. The commander of the NGB also provides input as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on national military activities as they relate to the National Guard.

The 54 adjutants general collectively form the Adjutants General Association of the United States (AGAUS) which strives to enhance both state and national military security.[3] A professional military guard organization, the National Guard Association of the United States serves to lobby both Congress and the Executive branch about common needs of the Guard as a whole and also provide support to members of the National Guard.[4]

National GuardEdit

Each adjutant general commands their state's Army and Air National Guard units which are not on federal active duty. When a National Guard unit is federalized it is moved from state command to the Department of Defense and placed under an Army or Air Force command.

State defense forcesEdit

Twenty-three adjutants general have responsibility for military land forces that comprise state level militias under the command of the various governors and generally have state support missions. Seven of these in addition to Illinois also have a naval militia division. Two adjutants general, Puerto Rico and Texas, are also responsible for an air support component.

Emergency management agenciesEdit

Some adjutant generals are responsible for oversight of the state's emergency management organization. These groups are non-military organizations but have a close working relationship with the state's National Guard and any state defense forces. They are the state level agency that works directly with the Federal Emergency Management Agency in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from disasters.

Homeland securityEdit

Some states have assigned their adjutant general the responsibility for overseeing homeland security. In other states, this responsibility may be assigned to the state's law enforcement agency instead.

Veteran’s affairsEdit

Some states place their veteran's affairs organization in the state's military department under the oversight of the state adjutant general. Other states have an independent veteran's affairs department.

List of adjutants generalEdit

Each adjutant general is the senior officer in the state's military structure. Many hold federal rank as active duty general officers, but others may for a variety of reasons, including mandatory federal military retirement age, only hold general officer rank from their state.

Title[5] Adjutant General[5] State,
District, or
Insular area
Rank[5] Svc Assumed
office
Appointed
by
The Adjutant General of Alabama Sheryl E. Gordon Alabama Major General ARNG 2017[6] Governor
The Adjutant General of Alaska Torrence Saxe Alaska Brigadier General ANG 2019[7] Governor
The Adjutant General of Arizona Michael T. "Mick" McGuire Arizona Major General ANG 2013 Governor
The Adjutant General of Arkansas Mark H. Berry Arkansas Major General[8] ANG 2015[9] Governor
The Adjutant General of California David S. Baldwin California Major General ARNG 2011[10] Governor
The Adjutant General of Colorado Michael A. Loh Colorado Major General ANG 2017[11] Governor
The Adjutant General of Connecticut Francis J. Evon, Jr. Connecticut Major General[12] ARNG 2018[13] Governor
The Adjutant General of Delaware Michael R. Berry Delaware Brigadier General ARNG 2019[14] Governor
The Commanding General,
District of Columbia National Guard
William J. Walker District of Columbia Major General[15] ARNG 2017[16] President
The Adjutant General of the
District of Columbia National Guard
Aaron R. Dean II District of Columbia Brigadier General[17] ARNG 2018[18] President
The Adjutant General of Florida James O. Eifert Florida Major General ANG 2019[19] Governor
The Adjutant General of Georgia Thomas M. Carden Jr. Georgia Major General[20] ARNG 2019[21] Governor
The Adjutant General of Guam Esther Aguigui Guam Major General (GU)[22] ARNG 2019[23] Governor[23]
The Adjutant General of Hawaii Arthur J. Logan Hawaii Major General (HI) ARNG 2015[24] Governor
The Adjutant General of Idaho Michael J. Garshak Idaho Brigadier General[25] ARNG 2017[26] Governor
The Adjutant General of Illinois Richard R. Neely Illinois Brigadier General ANG 2019[27] Governor
The Adjutant General of Indiana Courtney P. Carr Indiana Major General ARNG 2015[28] Governor
The Adjutant General of Iowa Stephen E. Osborn Iowa Brigadier General ARNG 2019[29] Governor
The Adjutant General of Kansas Lee E. Tafanelli Kansas Major General ARNG 2011[30] Governor
The Adjutant General of Kentucky Stephen R. Hogan Kentucky Major General ARNG 2015[31] Governor
The Adjutant General of Louisiana Glenn H. Curtis Louisiana Major General ARNG 2011[32] Governor
The Adjutant General of Maine Douglas A. Farnham Maine Major General[33] ANG 2016[34] Governor
The Adjutant General of Maryland Linda L. Singh Maryland Major General ARNG 2015[35] Governor
The Adjutant General of Massachusetts Gary W. Keefe
Massachusetts Major General ANG 2016[36] Governor
The Adjutant General of Michigan Paul D. Rogers Michigan Major General ARNG 2019[37] Governor
The Adjutant General of Minnesota Jon A. Jensen Minnesota Major General ARNG 2017[38] Governor
The Adjutant General of Mississippi Janson D. Boyles Mississippi Major General ARNG 2016[39] Governor
The Adjutant General of Missouri Stephen L. Danner Missouri Major General ARNG 2009[40] Governor
The Adjutant General of Montana Matthew T. Quinn Montana Major General ARNG 2012[41] Governor
The Adjutant General of Nebraska Daryl L. Bohac Nebraska Major General ANG 2013[42] Governor
The Adjutant General of Nevada William R. Burks Nevada Brigadier General ANG 2009[43] Governor
The Adjutant General of New Hampshire David J. Mikolaities New Hampshire Major General[12] ARNG 2017[44] Governor
The Adjutant General of New Jersey Jemal J. Beale New Jersey Brigadier General (NJ) ARNG 2018[45] Governor
The Adjutant General of New Mexico Kenneth A. Nava New Mexico Major General[46] ARNG 2017[47] Governor
The Adjutant General of New York Raymond F. Shields Jr. New York Major General ARNG 2018[48] Governor
The Adjutant General of North Carolina Gregory A. Lusk North Carolina Major General ARNG 2010[49] Governor
The Adjutant General of North Dakota Alan S. Dohrmann North Dakota Major General ARNG 2015 Governor
The Adjutant General of Ohio John C. Harris, Jr. Ohio Major General ARNG 2019[50] Governor
The Adjutant General of Oklahoma Michael C. Thompson Oklahoma Major General ARNG 2017[51] Governor
The Adjutant General of Oregon Michael E. Stencel Oregon Major General ANG 2015[52] Governor
The Adjutant General of Pennsylvania Anthony J. Carrelli Pennsylvania Major General[53] ANG 2016[54] Governor
The Adjutant General of Puerto Rico José J. Reyes Puerto Rico Brigadier General ARNG 2019[55] Governor
The Adjutant General of Rhode Island Christopher P. Callahan Rhode Island Major General[56] ARNG 2015[57] Governor
The Adjutant General of South Carolina R. Van McCarty South Carolina Major General ARNG 2019[58] Governor[59]
The Adjutant General of South Dakota Timothy A. Reisch South Dakota Major General ARNG 2011[60] Governor
The Adjutant General of Tennessee Jeffrey H. Holmes Tennessee Major General ARNG 2019[61] Governor
The Adjutant General of Texas. Tracy R. Norris Texas Major General ARNG 2019[62] Governor
The Adjutant General of Utah Jefferson S. Burton Utah Major General ARNG 2012[63] Governor
The Adjutant General of Vermont Gregory C. Knight Vermont Brigadier General (VT) ARNG 2019[64] Legislature
The Adjutant General of the
U.S. Virgin Islands
Kodjo S. Knox-Limbacker U.S. Virgin Islands Colonel ARNG 2019[65] Governor
The Adjutant General of Virginia Timothy P. Williams Virginia Major General ARNG 2014[66] Governor
The Adjutant General of Washington Bret D. Daugherty Washington Major General ARNG 2012[67] Governor
The Adjutant General of West Virginia James A. Hoyer West Virginia Major General ARNG 2011[68] Governor
The Adjutant General of Wisconsin Donald P. Dunbar Wisconsin Major General ANG 2007[69] Governor
The Adjutant General of Wyoming Gregory C. Porter Wyoming Major General (WY) ARNG 2019[70] Governor

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Adjutants General", The Adjutants General Association Online Resources, The National Guard Association of the United States, archived from the original on April 27, 2012, retrieved April 6, 2012
  2. ^ http://ballotpedia.org/South_Carolina_Appointment_of_Adjutant_General,_Amendment_2_(2014)
  3. ^ "Adjutants General Association of the United States | (AGAUS) National Guard of the United States". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
  4. ^ "Who We Are and What We Do". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
  5. ^ a b c "STATE ADJUTANTS GENERAL ROSTER" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-20.
  6. ^ "Adjutant General". Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  7. ^ Olmstead, Candis (January 4, 2019). "Alaska National Guard Change of Command Recognizes New Adjutant General". U.S. Indo-Pacific Command. Camp H. M. Smith, HI.
  8. ^ "PN1719 — Brig. Gen. Mark H. Berry — Air Force". U.S. Congress. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
  9. ^ "Major General (AR) Mark H. Berry". Retrieved 2017-03-13.
  10. ^ "Major General David S. Baldwin, The Adjutant General, California Military Department,". Archived from the original on 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
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  12. ^ a b "PN636 — Army". Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  13. ^ "Documents - CTTAGBioSvc". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  14. ^ "Brigadier General Michael R. Berry". Retrieved 2019-03-30.
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  16. ^ "Major General DC William J. Walker". Retrieved 2018-05-02.
  17. ^ "PN684 - Army". U.S. Congress. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
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  19. ^ "Major General James O. Eifert". Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  20. ^ "PN532 — Army". U.S. Congress. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  21. ^ "New Georgia defense chief takes command in Marietta". Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  22. ^ Castro, David (May 7, 2019). "Give the new Guam Guard adjutant general a chance to prove her leadership". The Guam Daily Post. Tamuning, GU.
  23. ^ a b Kaur, Anumita (May 5, 2019). "Colonel Esther Aguigui given command as the Adjutant General of the Guam National Guard". Pacific Daily News. Hagåtña, GU.
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  25. ^ "Brigadier General Michael J. Garshak". National Guard Bureau. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
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  27. ^ "Adjutant General, Illinois National Guard; Director, Department of Military Affairs". Retrieved 2019-03-31.
  28. ^ "Brig. Gen. Courtney Carr named adjutant general of Indiana". 13 WTHR Indianapolis. May 26, 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
  29. ^ "Who's in the news? Brigadier Gen. Stephen E. Osborn". Quad City Times. Davenport, IA. April 2, 2019.
  30. ^ "Kansas Adjutant General's Department - TAG Biography". Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  31. ^ "Major General (KY) Edward W. Tonini" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  32. ^ "The Adjutant General for Louisiana — Louisiana National Guard". Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  33. ^ "Major General Douglas A. Farnham". National Guard Bureau. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  34. ^ "Maine Army National Guard — Leadership". Retrieved 2016-03-08.
  35. ^ "MDNG: TAG Bio". Archived from the original on 2013-10-09. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  36. ^ "The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2016-05-13.
  37. ^ "Major General Paul D. Rogers". Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  38. ^ "Governor Mark Dayton installs new Minnesota National Guard Adjutant General". Retrieved 2017-11-05.
  39. ^ "Miss. Change of Command | Gallery". Retrieved 2016-09-03.
  40. ^ "Missouri National Guard | The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  41. ^ "Brigadier General Matthew T. Quinn". Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  42. ^ "Major General Daryl L. Bohac". Retrieved 2015-03-07.
  43. ^ "Brigadier General William R. Burks". Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  44. ^ "Mikolaities takes over as NH's 26th adjutant general". Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  45. ^ "The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  46. ^ "PN635 — Brig. Gen. Kenneth A. Nava — Army". Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  47. ^ "'Natural leader' takes over NM Guard". Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  48. ^ "Major General Raymond F Shields Jr". Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  49. ^ "Major General Gregory A. Lusk". Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  50. ^ "Ohio Adjutant General". Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  51. ^ "Major General Michael C. Thompson". Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  52. ^ "Major General Michael E. Stencel". Retrieved 2015-10-17.
  53. ^ "Lawmakers confirm promotion of former 171st commander". August 1, 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  54. ^ "The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2017-06-24.
  55. ^ Kuilan, Gloria Ruiz (March 5, 2019). "New National Guard Adjutant General says no "rotten potatoes" will be allowed". El Nuevo Dia. Ponce, PR.
  56. ^ "Major General Christopher P. Callahan". Retrieved 2018-05-02.
  57. ^ "New adjutant general sworn in for R.I. National Guard". Retrieved 2016-04-02.
  58. ^ "Major General Van McCarty". Retrieved 2019-02-17.
  59. ^ "The S.C. National Guard has a new commanding general". Retrieved 2019-02-17.
  60. ^ "Major General Timothy A. Reisch". Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  61. ^ "Major General Jeffrey H. Holmes". Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  62. ^ "Maj. Gen. Tracy Norris named Adjutant General of Texas". Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  63. ^ "www.ut.ngb.army.mil" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  64. ^ Johnson, Mark (February 21, 2019). "Knight elected to replace Cray as head of Vermont National Guard". VT Digger. Montpelier, VT.
  65. ^ Shimel, Judi (May 7, 2019). "Report Finds VING Lawless, Needing Overhaul". The Source. St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands.
  66. ^ "Brigadier General Timothy P. Williams". Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  67. ^ "Major General (WA) Bret D. Daugherty". Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  68. ^ "Major General James A. Hoyer". Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  69. ^ "Major General (WI) Donald P. Dunbar". Archived from the original on 2012-12-25. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
  70. ^ Scott, Ramsey (March 29, 2019). "New commander of Wyoming National Guard takes over". Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Cheyenne, WY.

External linksEdit