State adjutant general
Each state in the United States has a senior military officer, as the state adjutant general, who is de facto commander of a state's military forces, including the National Guard, the naval militia, and any state defense forces. This officer is known as TAG (The Adjutant General), and is subordinated to the chief executive (generally the state's governor).
Source of appointmentEdit
In 49 states, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands, the adjutant general is appointed by the governor. The exceptions are Vermont, where the adjutant general is appointed by a vote of the Vermont General Assembly, and the District of Columbia, where a commanding general is appointed by the President of the United States of America. Until 2016, South Carolina chose its adjutant general in statewide general elections, but after passage of a popular referendum, the holder of this position is now appointed by the governor.
Each adjutant general shares a common responsibility for the state's National Guard plus a unique set of other responsibilities defined by the state's constitution, state statutes, and other state-level directives. In addition to their state responsibilities, each TAG is responsible to the federal government for the use and care of federal assets under the state's control. The National Guard Bureau (NGB) in the Department of Defense provides a centralized administrative, funding, and procurement process to support the states' military departments. The commander of the NGB also provides input as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on national military activities as they relate to the National Guard.
The 54 adjutants general collectively form the Adjutants General Association of the United States (AGAUS) which strives to enhance both state and national military security. A professional military guard organization, the National Guard Association of the United States serves to lobby both Congress and the Executive branch about common needs of the Guard as a whole and also provide support to members of the National Guard.
Each adjutant general commands their state's Army and Air National Guard units which are not on federal active duty. When a National Guard unit is federalized it is moved from state command to the Department of Defense and placed under an Army or Air Force command.
State defense forcesEdit
Twenty-three adjutants general have responsibility for military land forces that comprise state level militias under the command of the various governors and generally have state support missions. Seven of these in addition to Illinois also have a naval militia division. Two adjutants general, Puerto Rico and Texas, are also responsible for an air support component.
Emergency management agenciesEdit
Some adjutant generals are responsible for oversight of the state's emergency management organization. These groups are non-military organizations but have a close working relationship with the state's National Guard and any state defense forces. They are the state level agency that works directly with the Federal Emergency Management Agency in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from disasters.
Some states have assigned their adjutant general the responsibility for overseeing homeland security. In other states, this responsibility may be assigned to the state's law enforcement agency instead.
Some states place their veteran's affairs organization in the state's military department under the oversight of the state adjutant general. Other states have an independent veteran's affairs department.
List of adjutants generalEdit
Each adjutant general is the senior officer in the state's military structure. Many hold federal rank as active duty general officers, but others may for a variety of reasons, including mandatory federal military retirement age, only hold general officer rank from their state.
- "Adjutants General", The Adjutants General Association Online Resources, The National Guard Association of the United States, archived from the original on April 27, 2012, retrieved April 6, 2012
- "Adjutants General Association of the United States | (AGAUS) National Guard of the United States". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "Who We Are and What We Do". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "STATE ADJUTANTS GENERAL ROSTER" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-20.
- "Adjutant General". Retrieved 2017-08-09.
- Olmstead, Candis (January 4, 2019). "Alaska National Guard Change of Command Recognizes New Adjutant General". U.S. Indo-Pacific Command. Camp H. M. Smith, HI.
- "Arkansas National Guard receives new commander". Retrieved 2019-08-12.
- "Major General David S. Baldwin, The Adjutant General, California Military Department,". Archived from the original on 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
- "The Adjutant General (TAG)". Retrieved 2017-05-09.
- "PN636 — Army". Retrieved 2019-05-25.
- "Documents - CTTAGBioSvc". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- "PN837 — Brig. Gen. Michael R. Berry — Army". Retrieved 2019-08-12.
- "Brigadier General Michael R. Berry". Retrieved 2019-03-30.
- "PN1994 — Army". U.S. Congress. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "Major General DC William J. Walker". Retrieved 2018-05-02.
- "PN684 - Army". U.S. Congress. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
- "Brigadier General Aaron R. Dean, II". Retrieved 2019-03-12.
- "Major General James O. Eifert". Retrieved 2019-04-07.
- "PN532 — Army". U.S. Congress. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
- "New Georgia defense chief takes command in Marietta". Retrieved 2019-01-28.
- Castro, David (May 7, 2019). "Give the new Guam Guard adjutant general a chance to prove her leadership". The Guam Daily Post. Tamuning, GU.
- Kaur, Anumita (May 5, 2019). "Colonel Esther Aguigui given command as the Adjutant General of the Guam National Guard". Pacific Daily News. Hagåtña, GU.
- "The Adjutant General – Major General Arthur J. Logan". Retrieved 2015-10-02.
- "Brigadier General Michael J. Garshak". National Guard Bureau. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "Idaho National Guard holds change-of-command ceremony". Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- "Adjutant General, Illinois National Guard; Director, Department of Military Affairs". Retrieved 2019-03-31.
- "Brig. Gen. Courtney Carr named adjutant general of Indiana". 13 WTHR Indianapolis. May 26, 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
- "Who's in the news? Brigadier Gen. Stephen E. Osborn". Quad City Times. Davenport, IA. April 2, 2019.
- "Kansas Adjutant General's Department - TAG Biography". Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "Major General (KY) Edward W. Tonini" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "The Adjutant General for Louisiana — Louisiana National Guard". Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "Major General Douglas A. Farnham". National Guard Bureau. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- "Maine Army National Guard — Leadership". Retrieved 2016-03-08.
- "MDNG: TAG Bio". Archived from the original on 2013-10-09. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2016-05-13.
- "Major General Paul D. Rogers". Retrieved 2019-03-02.
- "Governor Mark Dayton installs new Minnesota National Guard Adjutant General". Retrieved 2017-11-05.
- "Miss. Change of Command | Gallery". Retrieved 2016-09-03.
- "Missouri National Guard | The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "Brigadier General Matthew T. Quinn". Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "Major General Daryl L. Bohac". Retrieved 2015-03-07.
- "Brigadier General William R. Burks". Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "Mikolaities takes over as NH's 26th adjutant general". Retrieved 2018-03-16.
- "The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- "PN635 — Brig. Gen. Kenneth A. Nava — Army". Retrieved 2019-05-25.
- "'Natural leader' takes over NM Guard". Retrieved 2018-01-05.
- "Major General Raymond F Shields Jr". Retrieved 2018-10-19.
- "Major General Gregory A. Lusk". Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- "Ohio Adjutant General". Retrieved 2019-03-30.
- "Major General Michael C. Thompson". Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- "Major General Michael E. Stencel". Retrieved 2015-10-17.
- "Lawmakers confirm promotion of former 171st commander". August 1, 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
- "The Adjutant General". Retrieved 2017-06-24.
- Kuilan, Gloria Ruiz (March 5, 2019). "New National Guard Adjutant General says no "rotten potatoes" will be allowed". El Nuevo Dia. Ponce, PR.
- "Major General Christopher P. Callahan". Retrieved 2018-05-02.
- "New adjutant general sworn in for R.I. National Guard". Retrieved 2016-04-02.
- "Major General Van McCarty". Retrieved 2019-02-17.
- "The S.C. National Guard has a new commanding general". Retrieved 2019-02-17.
- "The Adjutant General - Maj. Gen. Jeffrey P. Marlette". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
- "Major General Jeffrey H. Holmes". Retrieved 2019-03-03.
- "Maj. Gen. Tracy Norris named Adjutant General of Texas". Retrieved 2019-01-21.
- "www.ut.ngb.army.mil" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Johnson, Mark (February 21, 2019). "Knight elected to replace Cray as head of Vermont National Guard". VT Digger. Montpelier, VT.
- Shimel, Judi (May 7, 2019). "Report Finds VING Lawless, Needing Overhaul". The Source. St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands.
- "Brigadier General Timothy P. Williams". Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- "Major General (WA) Bret D. Daugherty". Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- "Major General James A. Hoyer". Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- "Major General (WI) Donald P. Dunbar". Archived from the original on 2012-12-25. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- "PN840 — Army". Retrieved 2019-07-04.
- Scott, Ramsey (March 29, 2019). "New commander of Wyoming National Guard takes over". Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Cheyenne, WY.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to State adjutants general of the United States.|