State Transit Authority

The State Transit Authority of New South Wales, also referred to as State Transit, was an agency of the Government of New South Wales operating bus services in Sydney. Superseding the Urban Transit Authority in 1989, it was also responsible for the provision of ferry services in Sydney until 2004 and bus and ferry services in Newcastle until 2017. It ceased trading after 2 April 2022 with its remaining operations to be contracted out by Transport for NSW to replacement operators.

State Transit Authority

Volgren bodied Volvo B8RLE in Transport for NSW livery in December 2021
Statutory Authority overview
Formed16 January 1989; 35 years ago (1989-01-16)
Preceding Statutory Authority
Dissolved2 April 2022; 2 years ago (2022-04-02)
Minister responsible
Statutory Authority executive
  • Daniela Fontana, A/Chief Executive
Parent Statutory AuthorityTransport for NSW
Key documents
WebsiteState Transit

History edit

Logo of State Transit used until 2010
Ansair bodied Scania L113TRB 14.5-metre in previous State Transit livery
Pressed Metal Corporation bodied Mercedes-Benz O405 at Coogee in February 2013
Custom Coaches bodied Volvo B12BLEA in May 2009
Transport for NSW liveried Custom Coaches CB80 bodied Volvo B7RLE at Circular Quay in June 2014
Gemilang Coachworks bodied MAN A95 in June 2018

In view of its political sensitivity, the agencies responsible for public transport in New South Wales are frequently restructured. Buses and ferries were the responsibility of the Department of Government Transport until 1972, when it was merged with the Department of Railways New South Wales to form the Public Transport Commission.

In July 1980, the Transport Authorities Act 1980 (NSW) separated the functions of the Public Transport Commission with the State Rail Authority taking responsibility for trains, and the Urban Transit Authority responsibility for buses and ferries.[1]

In January 1989, the Transport Administration Act 1988 (NSW) restructured the Urban Transit Authority as the State Transit Authority, taking over the private bus service functions of the Department of Motor Transport.[2] In October 1989, the Chullora Bus Workshops closed with a smaller facility established at Randwick for mechanical repairs with body repairs contracted to the private sector. The remaining four hydrofoils were replaced by three JetCats and the MetroTen ticketing system introduced a few years before was replaced with the Automated Fare Collection System. The Opal card ticketing system was rolled out from 2013.

In December 1999, North & Western Bus Lines was purchased followed in February 2000 by Parramatta-Ryde Bus Service.[3][4]

In 2004, the STA's Sydney Ferries business was separated into a separate agency, Sydney Ferries Corporation. In January 2005 most of former Harris Park Transport routes were taken over from Hillsbus, which were then returned to Hillsbus in September 2005 with the exception of routes 623, 624, 628 and 629. On 13 October 2013, the Western Sydney Buses route T80 was taken over by private operator Transit Systems.[5]

Bus services in Sydney were operated under the Sydney Buses brand until 2016, when rebranded as State Transit.

Until 30 June 2017, State Transit also operated services in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie through Newcastle Buses & Ferries. These services are now operated by Newcastle Transport.[6]

In February 2018, Transit Systems won the tender to take over State Transit's Sydney Bus Region 6 from 1 July 2018, including Burwood, Kingsgrove, Leichhardt and Tempe depots and 600 buses.[7] In October 2019, it was announced that State Transit's remaining three bus regions are to be contracted out in early 2020.[8] Region 8 was taken over by Keolis Downer Northern Beaches in October 2021 with 410 buses operating out of Brookvale, Mona Vale and North Sydney depots.[9] Region 7 was taken over by Busways in January 2022.[10] Region 9 was taken over by Transdev John Holland in April 2022.[11][12]

Former units edit

The State Transit Authority also comprised three former business units.

Sydney Ferries edit

Sydney Ferries is the public transport authority for ferry services on Port Jackson in Sydney. It was established in 2004 as a government agency, separate of the State Transit Authority.[13]

Western Sydney Buses edit

Western Sydney Buses Custom Coaches CB60 bodied Volvo B12BLE in Liverpool in previous State Transit T-Way livery, July 2013

Formed in 2003, Western Sydney Buses operated route T80, a bus rapid transit service in Western Sydney on the Liverpool–Parramatta T-way. Passengers made 2.77 million journeys with Western Sydney Buses in the 2011/12 financial year.[14] Western Sydney Buses operated out of a corner of Westbus' Bonnyrigg depot.[15]

In November 2012, Transit Systems won the tender for Sydney Bus Region 3 which included route T80 with the service and 22 buses transferring on 13 October 2013.[15][16]

Newcastle Buses & Ferries edit

MV Shortland operating the Stockton ferry service in July 2006

Newcastle Buses & Ferries was a bus and ferry service operator in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie. It operated 28 bus routes plus a ferry service across the Hunter River between Queens Wharf and Stockton. The network radiated from a bus terminal near Newcastle station. Major interchanges were located at the University of Newcastle, Wallsend, Glendale, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown Square and Westfield Kotara.

Newcastle Buses & Ferries ceased trading on 30 June 2017, with Newcastle Transport taking over.[6]

Services edit

State Transit operated services in Sydney Metropolitan contract regions 6 to 9.

For school bus services, State Transit used 5/6/7xx series route numbers suffixed with E for East, N for North and W for West, while 89x routes were used for University of New South Wales services.[17] Such university routes ceased as from Monday 21 December 2020, having been replaced by the CBD and South East Light Rail.[18]

Fleet edit

State Transit inherited a fleet of 1,565 Leyland Leopards, Mercedes-Benz O305s, Mercedes-Benz O405s and MAN SL202s from the Urban Transit Authority.[19] New buses were primarily purchased from Mercedes-Benz, Scania and Volvo. The fleet peaked at 2,172 buses in June 2017 before privatisation commenced.[20]

In the early 1990s, State Transit adopted a white and blue livery with a red stripe. This livery with minor variations was retained until 2010, when the Transport for NSW white and blue livery was adopted. Buses dedicated to Metrobus services were painted in a red livery.

In 2017, State Transit purchased its first double-decker buses for use on B-Line services. These were painted in a yellow and blue livery.[21]

Depots edit

Prior to privatisation, State Transit operated 14 depots.

A fifteenth depot in Enfield closed in September 1989 being sold to the Maronite Church in 1993.[22][23]

References edit

  1. ^ Urban Transit Authority of New South Wales Archived 28 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine NSW Government State Records
  2. ^ "New name for Urban Transit" Fleetline February 1989 page 22
  3. ^ "State Transit Reaches Parramatta" Fleetline January 2000 page 22
  4. ^ "STA Purchases North & Western and Parramatta-Ryde" Australian Bus Panorama 15/4 February 1990
  5. ^ Milestone for Transit Systems Archived 20 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine Australasian Bus & Coach 8 December 2017
  6. ^ a b Keolis Downer awarded contract to run light rail, buses and ferries says Baird government Archived 20 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine Newcastle Herald 12 December 2016
  7. ^ Transit Systems Boosts Inner West Bus Services[permanent dead link] Minister for Transport 13 February 2018
  8. ^ "New bus contracts to drive improved services". Transport for NSW. 24 October 2019. Archived from the original on 24 October 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  9. ^ "New Bus Operator to Electrify Fleet". Transport for NSW. 28 May 2021. Archived from the original on 28 May 2021. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Busways' Sydney operations more than double with award of one of Transport for NSW's largest bus contracts". Busways. 30 July 2021. Archived from the original on 30 July 2021. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
  11. ^ Transdev John Holland JV Sets Pathway To Greener Connections In Sydney's Eastern Suburbs Transdev 26 November 2021
  12. ^ Sydney Region 9 bus contract secured: John Holland-Transdev Australasian Bus & Coach 26 November 2021
  13. ^ State Owned Corporations Amendment (Sydney Ferries) Regulation 2004 Archived 28 September 2018 at the Wayback Machine Government of New South Wales
  14. ^ State Transit Authority Annual Report Archived 19 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine State Transport Authority 30 June 2012
  15. ^ a b STA former fleet list Archived 6 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine Australian Bus Fleet Lists
  16. ^ New bus contracts to drive improvements for customers Transport for NSW
  17. ^ UNSW Express Bus Service Archived 20 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine University of New South Wales
  18. ^ Important changes to bus routes Archived 19 January 2021 at the Wayback Machine University of NSW 7 December 2020
  19. ^ Annual Report Fleetline issue 175 February 1990 page 27
  20. ^ Annual report for year ended 30 June 2017 Archived 29 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine State Transit Authority
  21. ^ MAN double-deckers for Sydney Northern Beaches Archived 27 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine Australasian Bus & Coach 15 September 2016
  22. ^ Enfield closes Fleetline issue 172 November 1989 page 171
  23. ^ Enfield Depot sold Fleetline issue 214 May 1993 page 96

External links edit