State Transit Authority
The State Transit Authority, also referred to as State Transit or STA, is an agency of the Government of New South Wales operating bus services in Sydney. Superseding the Urban Transit Authority in 1989, It was also responsible for the provision of ferry services in Sydney until 2004 and bus and ferry services in Newcastle until 2017. It is scheduled to cease trading in 2022 with its remaining operations to be contracted out by Transport for NSW to replacement operators.
Bustech bodied Scania K280UB in December 2014
|Statutory Authority overview|
|Formed||16 January 1989|
|Preceding Statutory Authority|
|Statutory Authority executive|
|Parent Statutory Authority||Transport for NSW|
In view of its political sensitivity, the agencies responsible for public transport in New South Wales are frequently restructured. Buses and ferries were the responsibility of the Department of Government Transport until 1972, when it was merged with the Department of Railways New South Wales to form the Public Transport Commission.
In July 1980, the Transport Authorities Act 1980 (NSW) separated the functions of the Public Transport Commission with the State Rail Authority taking responsibility for trains, and the Urban Transit Authority responsibility for buses and ferries.
In January 1989, the Transport Administration Act 1988 (NSW) restructured the Urban Transit Authority as the State Transit Authority, taking over the private bus service functions of the Department of Motor Transport. In October 1989, the Chullora Bus Workshops closed with a smaller facility established at Randwick for mechanical repairs with body repairs contracted to the private sector. The remaining four hydrofoils were replaced by three JetCats and the MetroTen ticketing system introduced a few years before was replaced with the Automated Fare Collection System. The Opal card ticketing system was rolled out from 2013.
In 2004, the STA's Sydney Ferries business was separated into a separate agency, Sydney Ferries Corporation. In January 2005 most of former Harris Park Transport routes were taken over from Hillsbus, which were then returned to Hillsbus in September 2005 with the exception of routes 623, 624, 628 and 629. On 13 October 2013, the Western Sydney Buses route T80 was taken over by private operator Transit Systems.
Bus services in Sydney were operated under the Sydney Buses brand until 2016, when rebranded as State Transit.
In February 2018, Transit Systems won the tender to take over State Transit's Sydney Bus Region 6 from 1 July 2018, including Burwood, Kingsgrove, Leichhardt and Tempe depots and 600 buses. In October 2019, it was announced that State Transit's remaining three bus regions are to be contracted out in early 2020.
The State Transit Authority also comprised three former business units.
Western Sydney BusesEdit
Formed in 2003, Western Sydney Buses operated route T80, a bus rapid transit service in Western Sydney on the Liverpool-Parramatta T-way. Passengers made 2.77 million journeys with Western Sydney Buses in the 2011/12 financial year. Western Sydney Buses operated out of a corner of Westbus' Bonnyrigg depot.
Newcastle Buses & FerriesEdit
Newcastle Buses & Ferries was a bus and ferry service operator in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie. It operated 28 bus routes plus a ferry service across the Hunter River between Queens Wharf and Stockton. The network radiated from a bus terminal near Newcastle station. Major interchanges were located at the University of Newcastle, Wallsend, Glendale, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown Square and Westfield Kotara.
State Transit operates services in Sydney Metropolitan contract regions 7, 8 and 9.
For school bus services, State Transit uses 5/6/7xx series route numbers suffixed with E for East, N for North and W for West, while 89x routes are used for University of New South Wales services. However, these numbers may also be used by other operators for normal services.
State Transit inherited a fleet of approximately 1,600 Leyland Leopards, Mercedes-Benz O305s, Mercedes-Benz O405s and MAN SL202s from the Urban Transit Authority. New buses have primarily been purchased from Mercedes-Benz, Scania and Volvo.
In the early 1990s, State Transit adopted a white and blue livery with a red stripe. This livery with minor variations was retained until 2010, when the Transport for NSW white and blue livery was adopted. Buses dedicated to Metrobus services are painted in a red livery.
The current fleet is located below:
|Scania L113CRB||Ansair Orana||1994/95||3||Compressed Natural Gas|
|Scania L113CRL||Ansair Orana||1996-1998||✓||53|
|Volvo B10BLE||APG Orana||1997/98||✓||28|
|Volvo B10BLE||Phoenix Bus Orana||1998-2000||✓||34|
|Mercedes-Benz O405||Custom Coaches 516||1998||4||ex North & Western Bus Lines|
|Mercedes-Benz O405NH||Custom Coaches Citaro||1999-2002||✓||60||Compressed Natural Gas|
|Volvo B12BLE Euro 3||Custom Coaches CB60 Evo I||2003-2007||✓||78|
|Volvo B12BLE Euro 3||Volgren CR228L||2004/05||✓||47|
|Volvo B12BLEA Euro 3||Custom Coaches CB60 Evo I||2005/06||✓||77|
|Volvo B12BLE Euro 5||Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II||2007-2011||✓||194|
|Mercedes-Benz O500LE CNG||Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II||2007-2011||✓||184||Compressed Natural Gas|
|Scania K310UB 14.5-metre||Volgren CR228L||2008||✓||1|
|Mercedes-Benz O500LE Euro 5||Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II||2009/10||✓||20|
|Volvo B12BLEA Euro 5||Volgren CR228L||2010/11||✓||88|
|Volvo B7RLE||Custom CB80 Series I||2011-2013||✓||100|
|Scania K280UB||Custom CB80 Series I||2012/13||✓||46|
|Mercedes-Benz OC500LE Euro 5||Custom CB80 Series I||2009||✓||1||ex demonstrator, replacement from Mercedes|
|Scania K280UB||Bustech VST||2014-2016||✓||69|
|Scania K280UB||Bustech VSTM||2014/15||✓||27|
|Iveco Metro||Volgren Optimus||2014/15||✓||7|
|Volvo B7RLE||Bustech VST||2015||✓||19|
|Scania K310UB||Bustech VST||2016||✓||14|
|Volvo B7RLE||Custom CB80 Series II||2016/17||✓||14|
|Volvo B8RLE||Custom CB80 Series II||2017, 2019/20||✓||58|
|MAN ND323F||Gemilang Coachworks Double-Decker||2017||✓||38|
|Volvo B8RLE||Volgren Optimus||2018/19||✓||54|
|Volvo B8RLE||Bustech VST||2019/20||✓||46|
|Scania K310UB||Custom CB80 Series II||2018/19||✓||51|
State Transit operate eight depots:
- Urban Transit Authority of New South Wales NSW Government State Records
- "New name for Urban Transit" Fleetline February 1989 page 22
- "State Transit Reaches Parramatta" Fleetline January 2000 page 22
- "STA Purchases North & Western and Parramatta-Ryde" Australian Bus Panorama 15/4 February 1990
- Milestone for Transit Systems Australasian Bus & Coach 8 December 2017
- Keolis Downer awarded contract to run light rail, buses and ferries says Baird government Newcastle Herald 12 December 2016
- Transit Systems Boosts Inner West Bus Services Minister for Transport 13 February 2018
- "New bus contracts to drive improved services". Transport for NSW. 24 October 2019. Archived from the original on 24 October 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
- State Owned Corporations Amendment (Sydney Ferries) Regulation 2004 Government of New South Wales
- State Transit Authority Annual Report State Transport Authority 30 June 2012
- STA former fleet list Australian Bus Fleet Lists
- New bus contracts to drive improvements for customers Transport for NSW
- UNSW Express Bus Service University of New South Wales
- State Transit Authority Australian Bus Fleet Lists
- MAN double-deckers for Sydney Northern Beaches Australasian Bus & Coach 15 September 2016
- Eastern Bus Region Service NSW
- Northern Bus Region Service NSW
- Western Bus Region Service NSW
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sydney Buses.|