USSR State Prize

  (Redirected from State Stalin Prize)

The USSR State Prize (Russian: Государственная премия СССР, romanized: Gosudarstvennaya premiya SSSR) was the Soviet Union's state honor. It was established on 9 September 1966. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the prize was followed up by the State Prize of the Russian Federation.

USSR State Prize
Medal State Prize Soviet Union.png
State Prize badge
CountrySoviet Union
Formerly calledState Stalin Prize
Reward(s)5000 Soviet rubles (in 1967)
First awarded
  • 1941 (as Stalin Prize)
  • 1967 (as State Prize)
Last awarded1991
Medal of the State Stalin Prize.jpg
Stalin Prize badge
Precedence
Next (higher)Lenin Prize
EquivalentState Prize of the Russian Federation
Next (lower)Lenin Komsomol Prize

The State Stalin Prize (Государственная Сталинская премия, Gosudarstvennaya Stalinskaya premiya), usually called the Stalin Prize, existed from 1941 to 1954, although some sources give a termination date of 1952. It essentially played the same role; therefore upon the establishment of the USSR State Prize, the diplomas and badges of the recipients of Stalin Prize were changed to that of USSR State Prize.

In 1944 and 1945, the last two years of the Second World War, the award ceremonies for the Stalin Prize were not held. Instead, in 1946 the ceremony was held twice: in January for the works created in 1943–1944 and in June for the works of 1945.[1]

USSR State Prize of 1st, 2nd and 3rd degrees was awarded annually to individuals in the fields of science, mathematics, literature, arts, and architecture to honor the most prominent achievements which either advanced the Soviet Union or the cause of socialism. Often the prize was awarded to specific works rather than to individuals.

Each constituent Soviet republic (SSR) and autonomous republic (ASSR) also had a State Prize (or Stalin Prize).

The Stalin Prize was an honor different from the Stalin Peace Prize. The latter was created on 21 December 1949 and was usually awarded to foreign recipients rather than to Soviet citizens.

It should also not be confused with the Lenin Prize.

Recipients of the Stalin Prize in science and engineering by yearEdit

1941Edit

1942Edit

1943Edit

1944Edit

Laureates for this year were officially announced in 1946.[5]

1945Edit

Laureates for this year were officially announced in 1946[5]

1946Edit

1947Edit

1948Edit

1949Edit

1950Edit

1951Edit

1952Edit

1953Edit

1954Edit

  • Andrei Sakharov: 1st degree, physics
  • V. Alexandrov (Александров В. В.), Yu. Bazilevsky (Базилевский Ю. Я.), D. Zhuchkov (Жучков Д. А.), I. Lygin (Лыгин И. Ф.), G. Markov (Марков Г. Я.), B. Melnikov (Мельников Б. Ф.), G. Prokudayev (Прокудаев Г. М.), B. Rameyev, N. Trubnikov (Трубников Н. Б.), A. Tsygankin (Цыганкин А. П.), Yu. Shcherbakov (Щербаков Ю. Ф.) and L. Larionova (Ларионова Л.А.) – Strela computer development team: 1st degree
  • Igor Tamm: physics
  • Igor Kurchatov: physics

Recipients of the Stalin Prize in literature and arts by yearEdit

1941Edit

1942Edit

1943Edit

1944Edit

The awards for this year were given in 1946

1945Edit

The awards for this year were given in 1946

1946Edit

1947Edit

1948Edit

1949Edit

1950Edit

1951Edit

1952Edit

Recipients of the State Prize in science and engineering by yearEdit

1967Edit

1968Edit

1969Edit

1970Edit

1971Edit

1972Edit

1973Edit

1974Edit

1975Edit

1976Edit

1977Edit

1979Edit

1980Edit

1981Edit

1982Edit

1983Edit

1984Edit

1985Edit

1986Edit

1987Edit

1988Edit

1989Edit

  • Nikolay Basov: physics
  • Alexei Fridman, Nikolai Gor'kavyi: science and technology, for predicting of a system of new satellites of Uranus based on developed theory of collective and collisional processes in planetary rings.

Recipients of the State Prize in literature and arts by yearEdit

1967Edit

1968Edit

1970Edit

1971Edit

1974Edit

1976Edit

1977Edit

1978Edit

1979Edit

1980Edit

  • Omar Eldarov: sculptor; for monument-ensemble to Sadriddin Ayni in Dushanbe

1981Edit

1983Edit

1984Edit

1985Edit

1986Edit

1987Edit

1988Edit

1991Edit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Volkov, Solomon, tr. Bouis, Antonina W., Shostakovich and Stalin: The Extraordinary Relationship Between the Great Composer and the Brutal Dictator (New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2004). ISBN 0-375-41082-1, Chapter 5.
  2. ^ "Alexander Alexandrovich Bogomolets: biography, scientific works, the basics of the theory". en.sodiummedia.com. Retrieved 2021-05-06.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2010-11-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Асташенков, Петр Тимофеевич (1968). Курчатов [Kurchatov]. М.: Молодая гвардия. p. 197.
  5. ^ a b "Из истории о дипломе, удостоверении и Почетном знаке лауреата Сталинской премии".
  6. ^ "Вейнгеров Марк Леонидович". Virtual Museumof ITMO University.
  7. ^ Волобуев Н. Н. Предисловие к пятому изданию // Очерки гнойной хирургии. — М.: БИНОМ, 2008. — С. 6—7. — 720 с. — 3000 экз. — ISBN 5-9518-0143-5.
  8. ^ a b c "Умер научный руководитель концерна ВКО "Алмаз-Антей" Анатолий Савин". Lenta.ru. 28 March 2016.
  9. ^ "Анкинович, Екатерина Александровна". peoplelife.ru. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Pavel Iosifovich Androsov". Malaya Kurskaya Encyclopedia.
  11. ^ Шпиллер (en: Natalia Shpiller). Great Russian Encyclopedia (in Russian). Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  12. ^ Rollberg, Peter (2008). Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Cinema. Scarecrow Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-0810862685. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  13. ^ "Mikhail K. Lukonin Dies, Soviet Poet and Official". The New York Times. 6 August 1976.
  14. ^ a b "Оттилия Рейзман" [Ottilia Reizman]. CSDF Museum, Russia (in Russian). Moscow, Russia: Central Studio of Documentary Films Museum. 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  15. ^ a b "Рейзман Оттилия Болеславовна" [Reizman, Ottilia Boleslavovna]. Famous Birthdays Russia (in Russian). Russia. 2017. Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017. Self-published by with cited sources.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  16. ^ Florin, Moritz (2014). Kirgistan und die sowjetische Moderne: 1941–1991. Kultur- und Sozialgeschichte Osteuropas (in German). Vol. 3. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. pp. 72–74. ISBN 9783847003137.
  17. ^ Lovell, Julia (2006), The politics of cultural capital, (Honolulu:University of Hawai'i Press) ISBN 978-0-8248-2962-9, 103
  18. ^ Национальная академия наук Беларуси :: Член-корреспондент ОНЕГИН Евгений Евгеньевич (1932-2002) (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2011-08-08. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  19. ^ Музей электронных раритетов - Актив - КТ315+КТ361 (in Russian). Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  20. ^ "Лауреаты Государственной премии СССР в области науки и техники (1973)". Энциклопедия Кирилла и Мефодия (in Russian). Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  21. ^ "Этот день в истории. 10 сентября". www.ukrinform.ru. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  22. ^ "IMMSP – Personal page: Anatoliy O. Morozov". immsp.kiev.ua. Retrieved 1 November 2011.