Starblade[a] is a 1991 3D rail shooter arcade game developed and published by Namco. Controlling the starfighter FX-01 "GeoSword" from a first-person perspective, the player is tasked with eliminating the Unknown Intelligent Mechanized Species (UIMS) before they wipe out Earth. Gameplay involves controlling a crosshair with a flight-yolk stick and destroying enemies and their projectiles before they inflict damage on the player. The game is split into two sections — the first features the player destroying the mechanized planet Red Eye, and the other destroying a mechanical fortress named Iceberg. It ran on the Namco System 21 hardware.

StarBlade flyer.jpg
North American promotional sales flyer
Director(s)Hajime Nakatani
Composer(s)Shinji Hosoe
Platform(s)Arcade, Sega CD, Panasonic 3DO, PlayStation, Mobile phone
  • JP: September 1991
  • NA: 1991
  • EU: 1991
Genre(s)Rail shooter
Arcade systemNamco System 21
CPUMotorola 68000 Edit this on Wikidata

Starblade was directed by Hajime Nakatani, with music composed by Shinji Hosoe. A successor to Namco's Galaxian3: Project Dragoon theme park attraction, it began as a prototype for a single-player version of that game, titled Galaxian3: One Player Version, however poor feedback from playtesters caused it to become an original project. The team drew inspiration from Hollywood science-fiction films, particularly Star Wars, and wanted the game to have a more cinematic presentation with cutscenes and an orchestra soundtrack. Namco's early experimentation with 3D games, such as Winning Run and Solvalou, made development of the game an easy task. The arcade cabinet featured a concave mirror to give off a sense of depth, which to test their build quality were left in the sun for a while — Nakatani recalls the mirrors becoming so hot that he was able to fry yakinikku on them.

The arcade version of Starblade received critical acclaim, being praised for its 3D graphics and cinematic presentation. It is cited as an important and influential game in 3D video games, serving as inspiration for games such as Star Fox, Panzer Dragoon and Rez. Home conversions were released for the Panasonic 3DO and Sega CD, with a PlayStation remake named Starblade Alpha[b] being released a year later. These versions were less well-received, being criticized for their low replay value and lack of extra content from the arcade release. An arcade sequel, Starblade: Operation Blue Planet, was in development for the Namco System 246 arcade hardware and presented at the Amusement Operator's Union (AOU) expo in 2001, but was later cancelled. A mobile phone version was released in Japan in 2003, followed by a digital re-release for the Japanese Wii Virtual Console in 2009. In 2013, it was released for iOS devices as part of the Namco Arcade app.


Arcade version screenshot.

Starblade is a 3D rail shooter video game, taking place in a first-person perspective. The player assumes control of a starship named the FX-01 "GeoSword" in its mission to destroy a hostile alien race known as the "Unknown Intelligent Mechanized Species" (UIMS) before they destroy Earth with a powerful superweapon.[1] Gameplay revolves around the player controlling a crosshair and firing at incoming enemies and projectiles.[1] The GeoSword has a shield meter at the bottom-left corner, which will deplete when it is inflicted with enemy fire; when the meter is fully-drained, the game ends.[1] The player will need to complete two missions; destroying the power reactor of the superweapon "Red Eye", and eliminating an enemy fortress and a powerful ship named the "Commander".[1] The Commander stalks the player throughout the game, with a fight against it ensuing once both missions are completed.[1]


Development of Starblade was headed by director Hajime Nakatani, with music composed by Shinji Hosoe.[2] The game was a successor to Galaxian3: Project Dragoon, a 1990 theme park attraction originally presented at Expo '90 in Osaka to critical acclaim, later released as an arcade game a year later.[2] The project began as a prototype for a single-player version of that game, titled Galaxian3: One Player Version, however player reception from location testing caused it to instead become an original game.[3] Development lasted about a year and a half with 25 people — Nakatani recalls the team being eager to work on the System 21 hardware created for the game.[2] Inspiration was drawn from various Hollywood science-fiction, notably Star Wars, with the team wanting to create a cinematic-like presentation akin to those films.[2] Thanks to Namco's early experimentation with 3D video games, such as Galaxian3, Winning Run and Solvalou, the team had little difficulty producing it.[2][3]

Starblade was initially a single-player version of Galaxian3: Project Dragoon.

The arcade cabinet for the game used a large concave mirror, dubbed the "Infinite Distance Projection" system by Namco, which gave the effect of depth and a more open environment.[2] To check that the mirrors were of quality construction, Nakatani and his team took them into the garden outside Namco's headquarter building to allow them to condense sunlight — he claims that the mirrors became so hot that he was able to fry yakinikku on them.[2] The team toyed with the idea of letting the player control their ship and projectiles, however it was scrapped as it would greatly affect the core gameplay, instead focusing on targeting and shooting enemies.[2] Nakatani states that had the team had more time during development, he would have expressed interest in adding a form of ship control.[2] Starblade was released for arcades in Japan in September 1991,[4] released outside Japan in Europe and North America later that year. Starblade was showcased at the 1991 Las Vegas Amusement Expo.[5] Japanese promotional material labeled the game as a "Hyperentertainment Machine", heavily advertising its cabinet design and 3D shooting gameplay.[6]

The first home ports of Starblade were for the Sega CD and Panasonic 3DO in 1994, the former being developed by Thunder Force creator Technosoft. A PlayStation remake, Starblade Alpha, was released in 1995 and featured an option to replace the game's flat-shaded polygons with textured graphics. Nakatani expressed disappointment with development of Alpha as he and nobody else from the original development team were assigned to the project, instead being farmed out to a different developer.[2] A mobile phone remake was released for Japanese i-Mode devices, however the game's large size caused it to be split into two separate games, Starblade: In Rush and Starblade: Fierce Battle, released respectively in 2003 and 2004. The arcade version appears as the loading screen minigame in Tekken 5, with the full version being available as an unlockable extra. It was digitally re-released onto the Japanese Wii Virtual Console in 2009, featuring support for the Wii Remote's pointer function to replicate the flight-yolk controller in the arcade version.[7] A second digital version was released in 2013 for iOS devices as part of Namco Arcade.


Review scores
Computer and Video Games87/100 (Arcade)[8]
Famitsu28/40 (Sega CD)[9][10]
27/40 (PS1)[11][12]
7/10 (PS1)[13]
Maximum      (PS1)[14]
Next Generation      (3DO)[15]
GamestBest Graphic Award 1st

Starblade was met with critical acclaim upon release, being praised for its cinematic presentation and impressive 3D graphics.[16] The game was a commercial success for Namco, who sold as many arcade units as they were able to produce.[2]

Sinclair User gave it "Best Use of 3D Technology" award, alongside Atari Games' Steel Talons and Microprose's B.O.T.T.S, praising its technological accomplishments and "finger down-the-throat" gameplay.[17] Computer and Video Games called it a "truly exhilarating experience", highly praising its cinematic atmosphere and 3D graphics.[8] They also praised the game's vibrating seat and cabinet design, although would criticize the game for being unable to manually control the ship and its short length.[8] Japanese publication Gamest ranked it as one of the greatest arcade games of all time in 1998, praising its revolutionary 3D graphics and presentation. Retro Gamer labeled the game a "graceful space ballet", praising its impressive technological capabilities and rail shooter gameplay.[2] Starblade has been recognized as being important and influential, serving as inspiration for titles such as Star Fox, Panzer Dragoon and Rez.[18][2][19][20]

Home releases were less well-received, many criticizing its slow pace and short length. Reviewing the Sega CD version, GamePro praised the game's graphics and sound effects, and remarked that the highly simplistic gameplay would be unappealing and dull to experienced gamers but enjoyable and challenging to younger players.[21] A similar response was echoed by Famitsu, who praised the game's graphics and faithfulness to the arcade original but criticized its low replay value and lack of extra features.[9] In their review of the 3DO version they again praised the graphics and sound effects, particularly the ability to choose between polygon graphics and texture-enhanced graphics, but criticized that elements such as the absence of power-ups and the slow movement of the aiming cursor make the game frustratingly difficult.[22] A reviewer for Next Generation disliked the game's short length and lack of content, saying that "as it is, there's just not enough there."[15] In their review of Starblade Alpha, Maximum commented that the original arcade version had exceptionally pleasing graphics but very limited on-rails gameplay, and that the conversion's lack of extra features and slow-paced gameplay made it a hard sell.[14] GamePro's brief review criticized that it was unchanged from the 3DO version, unfavorably comparing it to Panzer Dragoon II on the Sega Saturn.[23]

Cancelled sequelEdit

A sequel game, Starblade: Operation Blue Planet, was being produced for the Namco System 246 arcade hardware in 2001. It was being produced for a new arcade cabinet named the "Over Reality Booster System" (O.R.B.S.), which featured a vibrating seat, dome-shaped screen, and air blowers that reacted with the game. The game was presented at the 2001 Amusement Operator's Union (AOU) tradeshow hosted in Osaka, Japan, having a 75-minute wait time to play it. Despite its favorable reception, the game was quietly cancelled alongside the O.R.B.S. cabinet, with high production costs being attributed to its cancellation.[24] In a 2015 interview with Kazushi Imoto, lead producer for Bandai Namco's Star Wars Battle Pod, he noted that Starblade: Operation Blue Planet and other similar cancelled projects could see a potential release if there is enough fan demand.[25]


  1. ^ Japanese: スターブレード Hepburn: Sutāburēdo
  2. ^ Japanese: スターブレードα Hepburn: Sutāburēdo Arufā


  1. ^ a b c d e Starblade 3DO instruction manual. Panasonic / Namco. 16 December 1994. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Davies, Jonti (October 2009). "The Making of Starblade" (68). Retro Gamer. p. 44. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b Development Team (8 August 1991). "Starblade Developer Interview". Namco. Namco Community Magazine NG.
  4. ^ Akagi, Masumi (13 October 2006). ナムコ Namco; Namco America; S. アーケードTVゲームリスト 国内•海外編 (1971-2005) (in Japanese) (1st ed.). Amusement News Agency. p. 53, 126, 165. ISBN 978-4990251215.
  5. ^ Cook, John (November 1991). "Arcades: Namco". The One. No. 38. emap Images. p. 94-95.
  6. ^ "Starblade promotional sales flyer". Namco. September 1991. Archived from the original on 25 March 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  7. ^ Saeki, Kenji (17 April 2009). "バンダイナムコ、バーチャルコンソールアーケードで 「スターブレード」を4月21日から配信". GAME Watch. Impress Group. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  8. ^ a b c Rignall, Julian (April 1992). "Arcade Action: Starblade". Computer + Video Games. pp. 71–72. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  9. ^ a b "New Games Cross Review: スターブレード" (307). Enterbrain. Famitsu. 4 November 1994. p. 40.
  10. ^ 3DO GAMES CROSS REVIEW: スターブレード. Weekly Famicom Tsūshin. No. 330. p. 79. 14 April 1995.
  11. ^ NEW GAMES CROSS REVIEW: スターブレードα. Weekly Famicom Tsūshin. No. 329. p. 32. 7 April 1995.
  12. ^ PLAYSTATION CROSS REVIEW: スターブレードα. Weekly Famicom Tsūshin. No. 333. p. 24. 5 May 1995.
  13. ^ 読者 クロスレビュー: スターブレードα. Weekly Famicom Tsūshin. No. 335. p. 30. 12–19 May 1995.
  14. ^ a b "Maximum Reviews: Starblade". Maximum: The Video Game Magazine. Emap International Limited (2): 149. November 1995.
  15. ^ a b "Starblade". Next Generation. Imagine Media (4): 89. April 1995.
  16. ^ "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25 - アップライト, コックピット型TVゲーム機 (Upright/Cockpit Videos)". Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 412. Amusement Press, Inc. 1 October 1991. p. 31.
  17. ^ "Coin Ops - Best Use of 3D Technology". Sinclair User. November 1991. p. 62-63.
  18. ^ "The Magic of Early 90s 3D". GameZone. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  19. ^ Machkovech, Sam (3 October 2017). "Original Star Fox staffer tells story of sequel's shelving, surprise launch". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on 1 September 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  20. ^ Kohler, Chris (25 April 2019). "How Panzer Dragoon Defined The Sega Saturn Era". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 6 July 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  21. ^ "ProReview: Starblade". GamePro. IDG (64): 108. November 1994.
  22. ^ "ProReview: Starblade". GamePro. IDG (69): 90. April 1995.
  23. ^ "Quick Hits: Starblade Alpha". GamePro. No. 94. IDG. July 1996. p. 78.
  24. ^ Plunkett, Luke (13 October 2011). "The Greatest Arcade Cabinet That Never Was". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 17 May 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  25. ^ ArcadeHero (19 January 2015). "Interview: Kazushi Imoto, Lead Producer for Bandai Namco Amusements' Star Wars Battle Pod". Arcade Heroes. Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2019.

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