Star of the Republic of Indonesia

The Star of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Bintang Republik Indonesia) is Indonesia's highest order awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits to the republic and the people.[1] It was officially instituted in 1959.

Star of the Republic of Indonesia
Bintang Republik Indonesia
Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipradana.jpg
Awarded by the President of Indonesia
TypeOrder
Established1959
Country Indonesia
StatusCurrently awarded
Grand MasterPresident of Indonesia
Precedence
Next (higher)None (highest)
Next (lower)Star of Mahaputera
Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipurna rib.svg
Ribbon bar of Adipurna class
Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipradana rib.svg
Ribbon bar of Adipradana class
Bintang Republik Indonesia Utama rib.svg
Ribbon bar of Utama class
Bintang Republik Indonesia Pratama rib.svg
Ribbon bar of Pratama class
Bintang Republik Indonesia Nararya rib.svg
Ribbon bar of Nararya class

It is awarded to a person who has given extraordinary service to the integrity, viability, and greatness of Indonesia. As the highest order of the Republic, its grand master is the President of Indonesia, who after his/her inauguration is bestowed upon with the collar and medal of the "Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipurna" class. Vice President of Indonesia, after his/her inauguration, is also bestowed upon with the collar and medal of the "Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipradana" class.[1][2]

ClassesEdit

The order is awarded in five classes.[1]

Adipurna
(1st class)
Adipradana
(2nd class)
Utama
(3rd class)
Pratama
(4th class)
Nararya
(5th class)
         

Recipients of the Star of the Republic of Indonesia wear the star on a sash and a breast star on the left chest.[3]

Prior to 1972, only Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipurna recipients wore the star on a sash. Recipients of the Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipradana wore the star on a ribbon which was worn around the neck. Both of Adipurna and Adipradana classes wore a breast star on the left chest. Recipients of the Bintang Republik Indonesia Utama, Pratama and Nararya wore the star on a ribbon on the left chest; with rosette for the Pratama class.[4]

Ribbon bar of the Star of the Republic of Indonesia
1972–now[5]          
1959–1972[4]          
Class Adipurna Adipradana Utama Pratama Nararya

Recipients of the 1st ClassEdit

Portrait Name Title Legal Basis Year Ref.
  Sukarno President of Indonesia Pasal 3 UU Darurat No. 5/1959 1959
  Fidel Castro President of Cuba 22 January 1960 [6]
  Muhammad Ayub Khan President of Pakistan December 1960 [7]
  Bhumibol Adulyadej King of Thailand 1961 [8]
  Antonín Novotný President of Czechoslovakia 28 May 1961 [9]
  Leonid Brezhnev Chairman of the
Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
June 1961 [10][11][12]
  Akihito Crown Prince of Japan 31 January 1962 [13][14]
  Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej President of the State Council
of the Romanian People's Republic
2 October 1962 [15]
  Kim Il-sung Premier of North Korea 1965 [16]
  Oerip Soemohardjo Commander of the
Indonesian National Armed Forces
Keppres No. 18/K/1967 10 November 1967
  Soedirman Commander of the
Indonesian National Armed Forces
Keppres No. 18/K/1967 10 November 1967
  Ferdinand Marcos President of the Philippines 1968 [8]
  Mohammad Hatta Vice President of Indonesia Keppres No. 35/TK/1972 11 August 1972
  Elizabeth II Queen Of United Kingdom 1974 [17]
  Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa King of Bahrain 8 October 1977 [18]
  Hassanal Bolkiah Yang Di-Pertuan Brunei Darussalam 22 October 1984 [19]
  Iskandar Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia 5 February 1987 [20]
  Mahathir Mohamad Prime Minister of Malaysia 6 February 1987 [21]
  Soeharto President of Indonesia Keppres No. 29/TK/1988 27 May 1988
  Jawaharlal Nehru Prime Minister of India Keppres No. 75/TK/1995 12 December 1995 [22]
  Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie President of Indonesia Keppres No. 40/TK/1998 27 May 1998
  Abdurrahman Wahid President of Indonesia Keppres No. 16/TK/2001 23 February 2001
  Megawati Sukarnoputri President of Indonesia Keppres No. 66/TK/2001 8 August 2001
  Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono President of Indonesia Keppres No. 83/TK/2004 27 October 2004
  Mizan Zainal Abidin Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia Keppres No. 80/TK/2011 2011 [23]
  Lee Myung-bak President of South Korea 2012 [24]
  Benigno Aquino III President of the Philippines Keppres No. 72/TK/2014 10 October 2014 [8][25]
  Xanana Gusmão President of East Timor 10 October 2014 [26]
  Joko Widodo President of Indonesia Keppres No. 112/TK/2014 19 October 2014
  Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud King of Saudi Arabia Keppres No. 22/TK/2017 22 February 2017 [27]
  Carl XVI Gustaf King of Sweden Keppres No. 51/TK/2017 19 May 2017 [28]

Recipients of the 2nd ClassEdit

No Name Title Legal Basis
1 Djuanda Kartawidjaja Prime Minister of Indonesia dated 1961
2 Soedirman Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces dated 1961
3 Ahmad Yani Commander of the Indonesian Army Keppres No.050/BTK/1965; dated 10-11-1965
4 Donald Isaac Pandjaitan Indonesian Major General Keppres No.050/BTK/1965; dated 10-11-1965
5 Karel Satsuit Tubun Indonesian Police Keppres No.050/BTK/TH 1965; dated 10-11-1965
6 Katamso Darmokusumo Commander of the 072 Military Resort Command/Pamungkas Keppres No.050/BTK/1965; dated 10-11-1965
7 Mas Tirtodarmo Harjono Indonesian Lieutenant General Keppres No.050/BTK/TH 1965; dated 10-11-1965
8 Siswondo Parman Indonesian Lieutenant General Keppres No.050/BTK/1965; dated 10- 11-1965
9 Sugiyono Mangunwiyoto Commander of the 072 Military Resort Command/Pamungkas Keppres No.050/BTK/1965; dated 10-11-1965
10 Soeprapto Indonesian Lieutenant General Keppres No.050/BTK/1965; dated 10-11-1965
11 Sutoyo Siswomiharjo Indonesian Major General Keppres No.050/BTK/1965; dated 10-11-1965
12 Pierre Andries Tendean Indonesian Captain Keppres No.050/BTK/1965; dated 10-11-1965
13 Hamengkubuwana IX Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs of Indonesia Keppres No.4/BTK/TH 1967; dated 20-5-1967
14 Adam Malik Batubara Minister of Foreign Affairs Keppres No.012/TK/TH 1973; dated 10-3-1973
15 Idham Chalid Speaker of the People's Representative Council Keppres No.012/TK/TH 1973; dated 10-3-1973
16 Maraden Panggabean Coordinating Minister for Political and Security Affairs of Indonesia Keppres No.012/TK/TH 1973; dated 10-3-1973
17 Siti Hartinah Suharto First Lady of Indonesia Keppres No.012/TK/TH 1973; dated 10-3-1973
18 Widjojo Nitisastro Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs of Indonesia Keppres No.012/TK/TH 1973; dated 10-3-1973
19 Wilopo Chairman of the Supreme Advisory Council Keppres No.012/TK/TH 1973; dated 10-3-1973
20 Umar Wirahadikusumah Vice President of Indonesia Keppres No.009/TK/1983; dated 12-3-1983
21 Sudharmono Vice President of Indonesia Keppres No.010/TK/1988; dated 29-3-1988
22 Try Sutrisno Vice President of Indonesia Keppres No.018/TK/1993; dated 17-3-1993
23 Amirmachmud Chairman of the People's Consultative Assembly Keppres No.072/TK/ 1995; dated 7-8-1995
24 Andi Mohammad Jusuf Amir Minister of Defence of Indonesia Keppres No.072/TK/ 1995; dated 7-8-1995
25 Basuki Rahmat Minister of Home Affairs of Indonesia Keppres No.072/TK/ 1995; dated 7-8-1995
26 Abdul Haris Nasution Chairman of the People's Consultative Assembly Keppres No.110/TK/1997; dated 26-9-1997
27 Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie Vice President of Indonesia Keppres No.022/TK/1998; dated 12-3-1998
28 Hasri Ainun Habibie First Lady of Indonesia Keppres No.071/TK/1998; dated 6-8-1998
29 Burhanuddin Harahap Prime Minister of Indonesia Keppres No.110/TK/1998; dated 6-11-1998
30 Mohammad Natsir Prime Minister of Indonesia Keppres No.110/TK/1998; dated 6-11-1998
31 Sartono Chairman of the People's Representative Council Keppres No.110/TK/1998; dated 6-11-1998
32 Syafruddin Prawiranegara Head of Republic of Indonesia Emergency Government Keppres No.110/TK/1998; dated 6-11-1998
33 Sutan Syahrir Prime Minister of Indonesia Keppres No.029/TK/TH 1988; dated 27-5-1988
34 Fatmawati Sukarno First Lady of Indonesia Keppres No.075/TK/1999; dated 13-08-1999
35 Siti Rahmiati Hatta Second Lady of Indonesia Keppres No.075/TK/1999; dated 13-08-1999
36 Megawati Sukarnoputri Vice President of Indonesia Keppres No.017/TK/2001; dated 23-02-2001
37 Hamzah Haz Vice President of Indonesia Keppres No.067/TK/2001; dated 08-08-2001
38 Jusuf Kalla Vice President of Indonesia Keppres No.084/TK/2004; dated 27-10-2004
39 Boediono Vice President of Indonesia dated October 2009
40 Ani Yudhoyono First Lady of Indonesia dated 12-8-2011
41 Sinta Nuriyah Wahid First Lady of Indonesia dated 12-8-2011
42 Ma'ruf Amin Vice President Of Indonesia dated October 2019

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  5. ^ "Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 7 Tahun 1972 tentang Perobahan dan Tambahan Ketentuan Mengenai Beberapa Jenis Tanda Kehormatan Republik Indonesia yang Berbentuk Bintang dan Tentang Urutan Derajat/Tingkat Jenis Tanda Kehormatan Republik Indonesia yang Berbentuk Bintang". Act No. 4/1972 of 9 November 1972 (PDF) (in Indonesian). People's Representative Council.
  6. ^ "Commander in Chief's legacy in Our 60-years Friendship with Indonesia". Government of the Republic of Cuba. 13 August 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
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  11. ^ Fauzan Al-Rasyid (24 February 2015). "Kisah Persahabatan Jakarta dan Moskow: 65 Tahun Pasang-Surut Relasi Dua Negara" [The Story of Friendship between Jakarta and Moscow: 65 years of Ups and Downs of Relations between Two Countries] (in Indonesian). Russia Beyond. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  12. ^ 1960s Newsreels. Historic Films. 1961. Event occurs at 19:12. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  13. ^ "Kaisar yang Patuh Aturan Lalu Lintas" [An Emperor who Obeys Traffic Laws] (in Indonesian). TEMPO. 5 October 1991. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  14. ^ "Crown Prince And Crown Princess Visit Southeast Asia". The Asahi Shimun. 31 January 1962. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  15. ^ "Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej and Ion Gheorghe Maurer Visit Indonesia". Agepres Information Bulletin. U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Association. 13–14 (18): 2. 15 October 1962. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  16. ^ "Order of the Republic 1st Class". Korea Today. Vol. 709, no. 7. 2015. ISSN 0454-4072.
  17. ^ Indonesian News and Views. Embassy of Indonesia, Information Division. 1974. p. 25.
  18. ^ "H.M. King Hamad Bin Isa Aa Khalifa". Embassy of the Kingdom of Bahrain, Paris, France. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  19. ^ "Proclamation and Notice under Article 52(2)" (PDF). Pemerintah Brunei Darussalam. 6 March 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  20. ^ "King Confers Award on President Suharto". Malaysian Digest. Vol. 18, no. 2. Kuala Lumpur: Federal Department of Information, Malaysia. February 1987. p. 3.
  21. ^ "Indonesian Award for Dr. Mahathir". Malaysian Digest. Vol. 18, no. 2. Kuala Lumpur: Federal Department of Information, Malaysia. February 1987. p. 3.
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  23. ^ "Penghargaan Raja Malaysia Balasan Gelar SBY 2008". beritasatu.com (in Indonesian). 16 October 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
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  26. ^ "Prime Minister to receive Indonesia's highest medal of Honour on Friday « Government of Timor-Leste". timor-leste.gov.tl. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
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  28. ^ "President Jokowi awards highest medal to Swedish King". Republika. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2020.