Star Trek (comics)
Almost continuously since 1967, multiple companies have published Star Trek comic books with varying degrees of success. These companies include Gold Key Comics, Marvel Comics, DC Comics, Malibu Comics, Wildstorm, and IDW Publishing. Star Trek: Enterprise is the only Trek TV series that has not been adapted in comic book form.
Gold Key Comics published the first Star Trek comics between 1967 and 1978. These were stylized and diverged from the TV series continuity. In most issues, the crew members, except for Spock, wear lime green uniforms. Most plots in the Gold Key series featured original characters and concepts, but later issues included sequels to the original series episodes "The City on the Edge of Forever", "Metamorphosis", and "I, Mudd". Writers included George Kashdan, Arnold Drake and Len Wein. Originally they were illustrated by Alberto Giolitti, an Italian artist who had never seen the series and only had publicity photos to use as references. Since Giolitti didn't have a publicity photo of James Doohan, early issues of the series had Mr. Scott drawn differently.
The Gold Key series had a run of 61 issues. (Starting with issue #20 all but nine stories were also released under the Whitman Comics brand.) The original issues, most of which featured photographic covers showing images from the series, are collectible. In the 1970s, Gold Key's parent company, Western Publishing, issued several volumes of The Enterprise Logs, republishing selected stories in omnibus form. Checker published a series of reprints ("The Key Collection") in 2004, in five volumes containing issues #1–40. From 2010-2015, Devil's Due Digital sold the Gold Key series in digital form. From 2014-2016, IDW published 5 volumes, covering issues 1-31.
Marvel's series of Star Trek comics began in 1979 with an adaptation of Star Trek: The Motion Picture and continued for another two years. These tales take place during a second five-year mission of Kirk and the Enterprise that would have been featured in the never-produced Star Trek: Phase II TV series. Marvel's license from Paramount prohibited them from using concepts introduced in the original series. They were only allowed to use the characters and concepts from Star Trek: The Motion Picture. The series lasted 18 issues and ended in 1981.
Comic strips (UK and U.S.)Edit
From 1969 to 1973, a series of weekly Star Trek comic strips ran in the British comics magazine eventually known as TV Century 21. 258 issues were produced, as well as various annuals and specials. All were original stories. Two more annuals, under the Mighty TV Comic banner, also produced original Star Trek materials. The weekly TV Comic also reprinted serialized versions of the U.S. Gold Key comics.
From 1979 to 1983, the Los Angeles Times Mirror Syndicate produced a daily and Sunday comic strip based upon Star Trek. The strip debuted on December 2, 1979. The Sunday ran until October 24, 1982. The daily continued until December 3, 1983. Thomas Warkentin, Sharman DiVono, Ron Harris, Larry Niven, Martin Pasko, Padraic Shigetani, Bob Meyers, Ernie Colón, Gerry Conway and Dick Kulpa wrote and illustrated these stories.
The US strip had 20 stories over its 4 year run, some with titles:
- untitled (Dec 2, 1979 - Jan 12, 1980)
- untitled (Jan 13 - March 8, 1980)
- The Real McCoy (March 9 - May 3, 1980)
- untitled (May 4 - June 28, 1980)
- untitled (June 29 - Sept 6, 1980)
- untitled (Sept 7, 1980 - Jan 18, 1981)
- Heads of State (Jan 18 - March 21, 1981)
- It's a Living (March 22 - April 25, 1981)
- The Savage Within (April 26 - July 21, 1981)
- Quarantine (July 22 - Oct 27, 1981)
- untitled (Oct 28, 1981 - March 1, 1982)
- The Wristwatch Plantation (March 2 - July 17, 1982)
- untitled (July 17 - Sept 4, 1982)
- untitled (Sept 5 - Oct 30, 1982)
- untitled (Nov 1, 1982 - Feb 12, 1983)
- untitled (Feb 14 - May 7, 1983)
- Goodbye to Spock (May 9 - July 2, 1983)
- untitled (July 4 - Aug 13, 1983)
- The Retirement of Admiral Kirk (Aug 15 - Oct 15, 1983)
- untitled (Oct 17 - Dec 3, 1983)
In 1977, before home video was widely available, Mandala Productions and Bantam Books published books based upon The Original Series that included direct adaptations of actual color television episode frames (with word balloons) in comics format.
The plot of the 1984 DC series picked up immediately after Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. After eight issues the series took place after Star Trek III: The Search for Spock. In these later issues, Kirk, after a multi-issue showdown with the Mirror Universe, takes command of the Excelsior. Spock is mentally restored after mind-melding with his mirror self and takes command of the USS Surak. Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home took place right after III left off, so the series wiped the slate clean by having Kirk lose command of the Excelsior and Spock return to the state he was in at the end of III. After The Voyage Home, the series continued with Kirk commanding the Enterprise-A. These issues re-introduced Arex and M'Ress from Star Trek: The Animated Series, and featured a Klingon who was a member of Starfleet, predating the same concept being featured in Star Trek: The Next Generation by several years. The first series ended in 1988 after 56 issues, 3 annuals, and two film adaptations, when Paramount required all tie-in licenses to be renegotiated.
After a year's hiatus, DC's second Star Trek series began with an adaptation of Star Trek V and took place during the gap between Star Trek V and Star Trek VI, although several issues (often either stand-alone single issues or short arcs) were also set within the timeframe of the Original Series. The new license with Paramount was more restrictive than previous, preventing characters introduced in the first series from returning. Although more limited in scope than the first series, due to restrictions from Paramount, the series lasted 80 issues and fleshed out some of the changes between V and VI, such as Sulu's promotion to captain of the Excelsior. As part of Paramount's increased restrictions on storytelling, planned appearances from Arex and M'Ress were shelved, with some formative artwork showing M'Ress (that appeared in a preview) re-drawn. Peter David and Howard Weinstein, who are also Star Trek novelists, wrote most of this series.
DC also published two Star Trek: The Next Generation comic series. The first, a six-issue limited series taking place during the first season, was published in 1988. DC launched an ongoing monthly series in October 1989, covering from season two to just before Generations. Star Trek: The Next Generation novelist Michael Jan Friedman wrote most of this series, which ran until 1996.
In another limited series, DC also published one of the first crossovers between the TOS and TNG eras.
In 1993, Malibu published an ongoing series based on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and collaborated with DC to publish a cross-over story with that company's TNG series. Malibu also published a standalone issue focusing on the Romulans and two issues of a "celebrity series" of stories written by Star Trek actors Mark Lenard and Aron Eisenberg.
In 1996, Malibu announced plans to publish a Voyager comic, and art from this comic appeared in some comic industry periodicals, including Wizard. Marvel Comics bought Malibu, and Paramount Pictures signed a deal with Marvel to publish comics based upon Star Trek and Mission: Impossible under the new Paramount Comics banner. Subsequently, Malibu's DS9 comic came to an end and the announced Voyager comic was never published.
Return to MarvelEdit
Marvel Comics obtained the Star Trek license in 1996. Marvel (under the "Marvel/Paramount comics" imprint) published various one-shots and the quarterly Star Trek Unlimited series, which covered TOS and TNG. Marvel also published monthly comics based upon Deep Space Nine and Voyager.
They also introduced two new ongoing series, Star Trek: Early Voyages, which dealt with Christopher Pike's adventures as captain of the Enterprise, and Star Trek: Starfleet Academy, which dealt with a group of cadets, including Deep Space Nine's Ferengi, Nog.
In addition, Marvel published a five-issue limited series, Star Trek: Untold Voyages. Similarly to Marvel's first series, Untold Voyages took place following The Motion Picture, although the original series' stories were not part of this series' continuity. Each issue took place during one mission during each year of Kirk's second five-year voyage, with the first issue set immediately following the events of the film, and the fifth issue occurring at the end of the fifth year.
Fan acceptance of these comics got off to a shaky start when Marvel's inaugural publication of its new Star Trek line turned out to be a crossover between TOS and Marvel's popular superhero team, the X-Men. This was followed by an X-Men/TNG crossover and a Pocket Books novel, Planet X, which was also based on this premise. The different series turned out popular, with Starfleet Academy and Early Voyages registering strong sales.
After about 18 months, Marvel's management reevaluated the cost of the Star Trek license agreement with Paramount and abruptly canceled all Star Trek titles, including Early Voyages, even though it was in the middle of a story arc. The Star Trek Collector's Preview #2, coverdated July 1997, mentioned a Star Trek: Phase 3 comic (reminiscent of Star Trek: Phase II) that was supposed to be published in 1998 and to contain "an all-new ship" and "an all-new crew", but due to the general cancellation, it was never produced.
In 1999, the license drifted back to DC, to its Wildstorm imprint. Wildstorm decided to not do an ongoing series, instead publishing limited series and trade paperback graphic novels. Writers included Nathan Archer, Kristine Kathryn Rusch and Dean Wesley Smith, Keith R.A. DeCandido, Scott Ciencin, Kevin J. Anderson, K. W. Jeter, John Ordover and David Mack.
Their TNG publications dealt with the movie era between Insurrection and Nemesis; their Deep Space Nine stories were based on the post-Season 7 novel continuity, and their Voyager series took place during the series. Wildstorm also published an issue based on the novel series New Frontier (written by series creator Peter David) and the video game Elite Force.
Their license expired in 2002.
For a couple of years, no comic book company held the rights to publish Trek-based comics. In October 2004, Tokyopop announced plans to publish an anthology of Next Generation-based stories presented in the style of Japanese manga.
Eventually, the project evolved into an anthology project focusing on the Original Series. Three volumes were released by Tokyopop annually between 2006 and 2008. Five artists and writer teams presented five new stories, per volume, based on the original series. A fourth volume, this time based on The Next Generation, was released in 2009.
IDW's first title was Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Space Between, a six-issue limited series launched January 2007.
Over the next six years, IDW published 31 mini-series and one ongoing series with a total of over 140 issues.
In 2009, IDW published a prequel to the 2009 reboot/prequel film Star Trek, entitled Star Trek: Countdown. The story picks up eight years after the events of Star Trek: Nemesis, following Spock's efforts to diffuse a supernova from destroying Romulus—setting in motion the events of the 2009 Star Trek reboot.
In 2009, IDW published Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, written by Andy Schmidt and based on the second Star Trek movie, and the only movie with the Original Crew that had never previously been in comic form, as the film's release came during the gap between Marvel's and DC's licenses.
In September 2011, IDW began publishing a new ongoing Star Trek series set in the continuity of the 2009 film. A number of storylines in the ongoing series featured retellings of Original Series storylines.
In 2012, IDW published a miniseries crossover featuring the Legion of Super-Heroes from DC Comics. This was followed soon after by the first-ever licensed crossover between the Star Trek franchise and Doctor Who. These were the first of numerous crossover storylines featuring Star Trek characters interacting with characters from various superhero franchises.
In 2013, IDW published a prequel to the 2013 film Star Trek Into Darkness, entitled Star Trek Countdown to Darkness, which featured the Enterprise encountering Robert April, who was depicted as the first captain of the Enterprise in Star Trek: The Animated Series. Its main ongoing series began telling stories set after the film.
Star Trek: Discovery Annual #1 recounted the first meeting between Lt. Paul Stamets and Dr. Culber - the first openly gay couple on Star Trek.
With Pocket Books first announcing, and then dropping plans to publish original novels set in the continuity of the 2009 film, as of 2019 IDW is the only publisher of original continuation stories featuring the "alternate timeline" crew.
This is a list of all ongoing Star Trek comic book series:
|Star Trek||Gold Key||#1–61||1967–1979||The Original Series|
|Star Trek||Marvel||#1–18||1980–1982||1979 film|
|Star Trek||Series 1||DC||#1–56||1984–1988||The Original Series, 1984 and 1986 films, The Next Generation|
|Star Trek||Series 2||DC||#1–80||1989–1996||The Original Series, 1989, 1991, and 1994 films, The Next Generation|
|Star Trek: The Next Generation||Series 1||DC||#1–6||1988||The Next Generation|
|Star Trek: The Next Generation||Series 2||DC||#1–80||1989–1996||The Original Series, The Next Generation, 1994 film|
|Star Trek: Deep Space Nine||Malibu||#1–32||1993–1996||Deep Space Nine|
|Star Trek: Deep Space Nine||Marvel||#1–15||1996–1998||Deep Space Nine|
|Star Trek Unlimited||Marvel||#1–10||1996–1998||The Original Series and The Next Generation|
|Star Trek: Voyager||Marvel||#1–15||1996–1998||Voyager|
|Star Trek: Starfleet Academy||Marvel||#1–19||1996–1998||Deep Space Nine|
|Star Trek: Early Voyages||Marvel||#1–17||1997–1998||Pre-The Original Series|
|Star Trek: Untold Voyages||Marvel||#1–5||1998||The Original Series, 1979 and 1982 films|
|Star Trek||IDW||#1–60||2011–2016||2009 film|
|Star Trek: New Visions||IDW||#1–22||2014–2018||John Byrne Photonovel Series|
|Star Trek: Waypoint||IDW||#1–6||2016–2018||The Original Series, The Next Generation, Deep Space Nine, Enterprise|
|Star Trek: Boldly Go||IDW||#1–18||2016–2018||2009 film|
- Checker Digital. "Star Trek -Devil's Due Digital". Retrieved 2019-08-29.
- Curt Danhauser. "Gold Key Star Trek Comics - Reprints". Retrieved 2019-08-29.
- Curt Danhauser. "Guide to the Gold Key Star Trek Comics". Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- Rich Handley. "The Star Trek Comic Strips". Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- Holtz, Allan (2012). American Newspaper Comics: An Encyclopedic Reference Guide. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. pp. 365–366. ISBN 9780472117567.
- "Los Angeles Times Syndicate Star Trek newspaper comic strip". Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- "I Love Comix Archive: Los Angeles Times Syndicate Star Trek newspaper comic strip". Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- "First Star Trek monthly series from DC Comics, 1984–1988". Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- "Second Star Trek monthly series from DC Comics, 1989–1996". Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- "Star Trek: The Next Generation limited series from DC Comics, 1998". Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- "Star Trek: The Next Generation monthly series from DC Comics, 1989–1996". Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- "Star Trek: Deep Space Nine monthly series from Malibu Comics, 1993–1995". Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- "Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Celebrity Series from Malibu Comics, 1995". Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- "Star Trek: Unlimited monthly series from Marvel Paramount Comics, 1996–1998". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: Deep Space Nine monthly series from Marvel Comics, 1996–1998". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: Voyager monthly series from Marvel Comics, 1996–1998". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: Early Voyages monthly series from Marvel Comics, 1997–1998". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: Starfleet Academy monthly series from Marvel Comics, 1996–1998". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: Voyager – Planet Killer limited series from Wildstorm Comics, 2001". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: The Next Generation limited series from Wildstorm, 2000". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: The Next Generation limited series from Wildstorm, 2000–2001". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: The Next Generation graphic novels from Wildstorm, 2001–2002". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: Deep Space Nine – N-Vector limited series from Wildstorm, 2000". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: Divided We Fall limited series from Wildstorm, 2001". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
- "Star Trek: New Frontier one-shot comic from Wildstorm, 2000". Retrieved 2006-12-29.
-  Archived June 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Star Trek Comics Soar Again" (Press release). IDW Publishing. November 9, 2006. Archived from the original on October 25, 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- Jeffrey Renaud (2008-12-10). "Writers talk Star Trek: Countdown". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
- NYCC '09 – IDW – Dr Who Monthly and More, Newsarama, February 7, 2009
- "IDW to release Harlan Ellison's Star Trek tale as graphic novel". EW.com. 2014-03-07. Retrieved 2017-09-07.
- Whitbrook, James. "A New IDW Comic Is Mashing Up Star Trek and Transformers in the Most Glorious Way Possible". io9. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- Porter, Alan J. (2009). Star Trek: A Comics History. Hermes Press. p. 208. ISBN 1-932563-35-0.
- Star Trek (Gold Key) at the Grand Comics Database
- Star Trek (Gold Key) at the Comic Book DB
- Star Trek (Marvel) at the Grand Comics Database
- Star Trek (Marvel) at the Comic Book DB
- Star Trek (DC vol. 1) at the Grand Comics Database
- Star Trek (DC vol. 1) at the Comic Book DB
- Star Trek (DC vol. 2) at the Grand Comics Database
- Star Trek (DC vol. 2) at the Comic Book DB
- Star Trek Fotonovels retrospective from Taint The Meat