Stansted Airport railway station

Stansted Airport railway station is on a branch line off the West Anglia Main Line in the east of England and was opened in 1991 to provide a rail link to London Stansted Airport. It is 36 miles 67 chains (59.3 km) down the line from London Liverpool Street station, to which a frequent dedicated service called the Stansted Express operates.

Stansted Airport National Rail
Bahnhof Stansted Airport.JPG
Location
PlaceLondon Stansted Airport
Local authorityDistrict of Uttlesford
Grid referenceTL556235
Operations
Station codeSSD
Managed byGreater Anglia
Number of platforms3
DfT categoryB
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2014/15Increase 4.502 million
2015/16Increase 6.013 million
2016/17Increase 7.632 million
2017/18Increase 8.934 million
– Interchange Increase 32,632
2018/19Increase 9.774 million
– Interchange Decrease 26,348
History
Key datesOpened 1991 (1991)
Original companyBritish Rail
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Stansted Airport from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

The short branch line was constructed at a cost of £44 million and opened by British Rail to coincide with the completion of the airport's new terminal building.[1]

LayoutEdit

Platforms 1 and 3 run the full length of the station and are used for Stansted Express and Norwich services. The shorter platform number 2 is used for the three CrossCountry-operated services to Birmingham New Street.

In 2011 platform 1 was extended to accommodate two trains simultaneously in combinations of up to 16 coaches, and platform 2 was extended to accommodate four-coach trains.

The station is in a concrete box structure that is unusually above ground level rather than below ground, being constructed under the terminal building. This is evident at the western end of the platforms which are left open and is a similar design to Wembley Central railway station.

ServicesEdit

The principal service to Stansted Airport is the Stansted Express, a dedicated airport link service from London Liverpool Street operated by Greater Anglia which runs every 15 minutes. But currently its 30 minutes during the COVID-19 pandemic

The station was also served by CrossCountry which operated an hourly service to Birmingham New Street via Cambridge, Peterborough and Leicester until March 2020 due to the coronavirus outbreak, with services now terminating at Cambridge. Three a day are extended to serve the airport. From December 2019, Greater Anglia operate to Norwich via Cambridge and Ely roughly hourly, which uses the new Class 755 Stadler bi-mode trains.

 
Map of London airport Tube and rail connections

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Blow, Christopher (2005). "6: Taxonomy of rail, bus/coach and air transport interchanges". Transport Terminals and Modal Interchanges (1 ed.). Oxford: Architectural Press. p. 70. ISBN 0-7506-5693-X.

External linksEdit

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Stansted Mountfitchet   Greater Anglia
Stansted Express
  Terminus
Audley End   Greater Anglia
West Anglia Main Line
  Terminus
Audley End   CrossCountry
Cross Country Network
  Terminus

Coordinates: 51°53′20″N 0°15′40″E / 51.889°N 0.261°E / 51.889; 0.261