Stanovoy Range

The Stanovoy Range (Russian: Станово́й хребе́т, Stanovoy khrebet; Yakut: Сир кура; simplified Chinese: 外兴安岭; traditional Chinese: 外興安嶺; pinyin: Wài Xīng'ān Lǐng), is a mountain range located in the southern Sakha Republic and Amur Oblast, Far Eastern Federal District. It is also known as Sükebayatur and Sükhbaatar in Mongolian, Stanovoy Mountains, or Outer Khingan Range. The range was first studied and scientifically described by Russian researcher Alexander von Middendorff.[2]

Stanovoy Range
Outer Khingan
Larix gmelinii Neryungrinskiy Rayon 1.jpg
View of some larch woods in the range.
Highest point
PeakSkalisty Golets[1]
Elevation2,412 metres (7,913 ft)
Coordinates55°51′N 130°43′E / 55.850°N 130.717°E / 55.850; 130.717
Dimensions
Length720 km (450 mi) SW/NE
Width180 km (110 mi) NW/SE
Geography
Stanovoy Range is located in Far Eastern Federal District
Stanovoy Range
Location in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic and Amur Oblast
Range coordinates56°20′N 126°00′E / 56.333°N 126.000°E / 56.333; 126.000Coordinates: 56°20′N 126°00′E / 56.333°N 126.000°E / 56.333; 126.000
Parent rangeSouth Siberian Mountains
Geology
Type of rockShale, gneiss and granite intrusions

GeographyEdit

The range runs south-west to north-east for almost 800 km, from the Olyokma River in the west, to the Uchur River in the east.[3] almost to the Sea of Okhotsk. It separates the watershed of the Arctic Ocean (via the Lena) from that of the Pacific Ocean (via the Amur). For this reason, it was the border between Russia and China from 1689 (Treaty of Nerchinsk) to 1858 (Treaty of Aigun). The Aldan Highlands are located to the north of the range and the YankanTukuringraSoktakhanDzhagdy group of mountain ranges to the south.

The highest point of the range is Skalisty Golets at 2,412 meters (7,913 ft).[4] The range has many glaciers, which are the main source of the Lena River. River Timpton has its source in the range.

The Yablonovy Range may be considered a southwestern extension of the Stavonoy. Before the 20th century, Stanavoy could also refer to a somewhat mythical range along the west coast of the Sea of Okhotsk.

See alsoEdit

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