Stanovoy Range

The Stanovoy Range (Russian: Станово́й хребе́т, Stanovoy khrebet; Yakut: Сир кура; simplified Chinese: 外兴安岭; traditional Chinese: 外興安嶺; pinyin: Wài Xīng'ān Lǐng), is a mountain range located in the Sakha Republic and Amur Oblast, Far Eastern Federal District. It is also known as Sükebayatur and Sükhbaatar in Mongolian, Stanovoy Mountains, or Outer Khingan Range. The range was first studied and scientifically described by Russian researcher Alexander von Middendorff.[2]

Stanovoy Range
Outer Khingan
Larix gmelinii Neryungrinskiy Rayon 1.jpg
View of some larch woods in the range.
Highest point
PeakSkalisty Golets[1]
Elevation2,412 metres (7,913 ft)
Coordinates55°51′N 130°43′E / 55.850°N 130.717°E / 55.850; 130.717
Dimensions
Length720 km (450 mi) SW/NE
Width180 km (110 mi) NW/SE
Geography
Stanovoy Range is located in Far Eastern Federal District
Stanovoy Range
Location in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic and Amur Oblast
Range coordinates56°20′N 126°00′E / 56.333°N 126.000°E / 56.333; 126.000Coordinates: 56°20′N 126°00′E / 56.333°N 126.000°E / 56.333; 126.000
Parent rangeSouth Siberian Mountains
Geology
Type of rockShale, gneiss and granite intrusions

HistoryEdit

The range formed the border between Russia and China from 1689 (Treaty of Nerchinsk) to 1858 (Treaty of Aigun).

EtymologyEdit

The Evenks grouped the Dzhugdzhur, Stanovoy and Yablonoi ranges under the name "Dzhugdzhur". In Evenk folklore this mountain system is known as the "backbone of the Earth".[3][4]

GeographyEdit

The range runs roughly from west to east at the southern end of the Sakha Republic and the northern limit of Amur Oblast for roughly 700 kilometres (430 mi). It is bound by the Olyokma River in the west and the Uchur River in the east, which separates it from the Dzhugdzhur Range in Khabarovsk Krai to the east.[5] The Aldan Highlands are located to the north of the eastern part of the range and the Olyokma-Chara Plateau to the northwest.[6] The YankanTukuringraSoktakhanDzhagdy group of mountain ranges rise to the south and the Maya Range to the southeast.

The highest point of the range is Skalisty Golets, a ‘’golets’’-type of mountain with a bald peak, at 2,412 meters (7,913 ft).[7]

HydrographyEdit

The Stanovoy Range separates the watershed of the Arctic Ocean (basin of the Lena) from that of the Pacific Ocean (Amur basin). The range has many glaciers, which are among the main sources of the Lena. Rivers Maya and Timpton have their sources in the range. The Zeya has its sources in the Toko-Stanovik subrange located at the eastern end.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ География знаний. - Горы
  2. ^ Stanovoy Range - article from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
  3. ^ Melnikov A.V. Stanovoy Range, in Toponymic dictionary of the Amur region. - Blagoveshchensk: Khabarovsk book publishing house, 2009. - 232 p
  4. ^ Pospelov E.M. Туристу о географических названиях. M .: Profizdat, 1988
  5. ^ The Mountains of Southern Siberia
  6. ^ Физическая география СССР - Ландшафтные области гор Южной Сибири - Байкальско-Становая область
  7. ^ Gora Skalistyy Golets - Peak Visor
  8. ^ Тимптон / Great Soviet Encyclopedia; in 35 vols. - Ch. ed.A.M. Prokhorov, 2004—2017.

External linksEdit

  • Kropotkin, Peter Alexeivitch; Bealby, John Thomas (1911). "Khingan" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). p. 777.
  • Stanovoi on Peakware