Stanislav Sergeyevich Govorukhin (Russian: Станислав Сергеевич Говорухин; 29 March 1936 – 14 June 2018) was a Soviet and Russian film director, actor, screenwriter, producer and politician. He was named People's Artist of Russia in 2006. His movies often featured detective or adventure plots.
Govorukhin in 2011
Stanislav Sergeyevich Govorukhin
29 March 1936
|Died||14 June 2018 (aged 82)|
|Occupation||Film director, actor, screenwriter|
|The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed (1979)|
|Awards||Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" (1st class)|
Govorukhin was born in Berezniki, Sverdlovsk Oblast (now Perm Krai). His parents divorced before he was born. His father Sergei Georgievich Govorukhin came from Don Cossacks and was arrested as part of the decossackization genocide campaign started by Yakov Sverdlov. He had been exiled to Siberia where he died around 1938 at the age of 30. His mother Praskovya Afanasievna Glazkova was a tailor. She came from the Volga region, from a simple Russian family of a village school teacher. She raised Sergei and his sister Inessa by herself and died at the age of 53.
Govorukhin started his career as a geologist in 1958. He then joined a television studio in Kazan and enrolled at the VGIK. During the Soviet period, Govorukhin became noted for his successful adaptations of adolescent classics, including Robinson Crusoe (1973), Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1981), In Search of the Castaways (1983) and Ten Little Niggers (an adaptation of Agatha Christie's original 1939 novel And Then There Were None) in 1987.
Most of his Soviet movies were made at the Odessa Film Studio. He was good friends with Vladimir Vysotsky and directed three movies starring him – Vertical (1967), White Explosion (1969) and The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed (1979), one of the cult films of the late Soviet era. Several other of his films feature Visotsky's songs written as part of the soundtrack.
Apart from directing, he also wrote screenplays (including the top-grossing Soviet action film Pirates of the 20th Century directed by his fellow student Boris Durov in 1979) and started in movies as an actor. Being a trained mountaineer, he usually performed all the stunts himself. He also dedicated several movies to mountaineering, most notably Vertical and White Explosion which became some of the first examples of this subgenre in the Soviet cinema.
During the perestroika Govorukhin became less active at film making and more active in politics. He became one of the leaders of the Democratic Party of Russia. In 1990 he directed a much-publicised documentary highly critical of the Soviet society entitled We Can't Live Like This (also translates as You Can't Live Like That or This Is No Way to Live). Although his feature films were previously ignored by the critical establishment, this film won him the Nika Award for Best Director. It was at that time that Govorukhin released an extensive interview with Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.
By the start of the 2000s he returned to cinema, co-starring with Alisa Friendlich in the detective TV series Female Logic and releasing another revenge movie, The Rifleman of the Voroshilov Regiment (with Mikhail Ulyanov in the lead role). He directed a total of seven movies since then. In recent years he had been also actively working as a producer.
Govorukhin had been a member of the State Duma since its inauguration in 1993, running the Duma culture committee for some time. Following the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, he had abandoned his previous democratic anti-communist convictions and sided with the national-communist opposition. In 1996, he supported Gennady Zyuganov against Boris Yeltsin during the second round of the presidential election campaign. In 2000 he took part in Russian presidential elections.
In 2011–2012 Govorukhin worked as the head of Vladimir Putin's campaign office. At this time he was a member of party United Russia.
Govorukhin was married twice. He had one son from his first marriage — Sergey Govorukhin (1961–2011), a war correspondent, writer and director of documentary films who took part in different armed conflicts in Tajikistan, Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and both Chechen wars between 1994 and 2005. In 1995 he was wounded by Chechen terrorists which resulted in one of his legs being amputated. Nevertheless, he continued his work. In 1998 he released one of the most acclaimed documentaries about the First Chechen War — Damned and Forgotten that was awarded with the Nika Award in 1998 as the best documentary. He also took part in several non-governmental organizations dedicated to helping disabled war veterans. In 2011 he survived a stroke and died several days later at the age of 50. He left two sons and one daughter.
|1967||Vertical||Вертикаль||Co-directed with Boris Durov|
|1968||Angel Day||День ангела|
|1969||White Explosion||Белый взрыв|
|1972||Life and Amazing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe||Жизнь и удивительные приключения Робинзона Крузо|
|1977||A Breeze of «Hope»||Ветер «Надежды»|
|1978||Marshal of Revolution||Маршал революции||Actor (General Alexander Kutepov)|
|1979||The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed||Место встречи изменить нельзя|
|Pirates of the 20th Century||Пираты XX века|
|1981||The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn||Приключения Тома Сойера и Гекльберри Финна|
|1982||The Return of Butterfly||Возвращение Баттерфляй||Actor (Mikhail Pavlyk)|
|1983||Among Grey Stones||Среди серых камней||Actor (judge)|
|1985||In Search of Captain Grant||В поисках капитана Гранта|
|1986||Secrets of Madame Wong||Тайны мадам Вонг|
|1987||Ten Little Niggers||Десять Негритят|
|1988||Champagne Splashes||Брызги шампанского|
|1989||Double Exposition||Двойная экспозиция||Actor (Herman Andreevich)|
|1990||We Can't Live Like This||Так жить нельзя|
|Sons of Bitches||Сукины дети||Actor (Sergei Popov, a writer)|
|1991||And the Wind Returns...||И возвращается ветер...||Actor (Sergei Gerasimov)|
|1992||Russia We Lost||Россия, которую мы потеряли|
|Encore, Once More Encore!||Анкор, ещё анкор!||Actor (Komdiv)|
|1994||Great Criminal Revolution||Великая криминальная революция|
|Moscow Nights||Подмосковные вечера|
|1995||The Black Veil||Чёрная вуаль|
|Heads and Tails||Орёл и решка||Actor (Zosima Petrovich)|
|1997||War Is Over. Forget It...||Война окончена. Забудьте...||Cameo|
|1999||Voroshilov Sharpshooter||Ворошиловский стрелок|
|2000||The Captain's Daughter||Русский бунт|
|2002–2006||Woman's Logic (mini-series)||Женская логика||Actor (Andrei Streltsov)|
|2003||Bless the Woman||Благословите женщину||Actor (Komdiv)|
|2005||Not by Bread Alone||Не хлебом единым||Actor (minister)|
|The 9th Company||9 рота||Actor (training regiment commander)|
|2008||Passenger||Пассажирка||Producer, actor (Russian consul)|
|On June, 1941||В июне 41-го|
|2010||In the Style of Jazz||В стиле jazz||Producer|
|Lovey-Dovey 3||Любовь-морковь 3||Actor (General)|
|2015||The End of a Great Era||Конец прекрасной эпохи||Producer|
- President's decree № 405 at Kremlin.ru (in Russian)
- Autobiography at the official Stanislav Govorukhin website (in Russian)
- Biography by TASS (in Russian)
- "Stanislav Govorukhin Celebrates his 70th Jubilee". Russia InfoCenter. 30 March 2006. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
- "Soviet Union: Old Man Dnieper". Time. 26 April 1982. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
- The Govorukhins. Father and Son documentary by the Top Secret TV channel, 2009 (in Russian)
- Staninslav Govorukhin biography at the Vokrug TV website (in Russian)
- We Can't Live Like This at IMDb
- "Soviet Film Breaks Glasnost's Last Taboos : Movies: Stanislav Govorukhin's 'This Is No Way to Live' equates rape and murder with Communist Party actions. Even Gorbachev approves". L A Times. 11 June 1990. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
- Solzhenitsyn's widow told about the interview the writer gave to Govorukhin article by TASS, 16 June 2018 (in Russian)
- Ведомости (2018-06-14). "Умер режиссер Станислав Говорухин". Retrieved 2018-06-14.
- Умер Станислав Говорухин (STanislav Govorukhin has died)
- Stanislav Govorukhin was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery by RIA Novosti, 16 June 2018 (in Russian)
- Tomb at the Moscow Tombs website
- Zyuganov told how Govorukhin helped him during the 1996 elections article by RIA Novosti, 14 June 2018 (in Russian)
- Putin becomes Popular Front for Russia leader, Interfax-Ukraine (13 June 2013)
- "Деятели культуры России — в поддержку позиции Президента по Украине и Крыму". Ministry for Culture of Russian Federation. Archived from the original on 2014-03-11.
- Autobiography at the website In the Memory of Sergei Govorukhin. Afterwords... (in Russian)
- 1998 Nika Award at the Awards & Winners website
- Sergei Govorukhin: Land of Men (Zemlia liudei, 2011) by David Gillespie // KinoKultura, Issue 35 (2012)
- Hobby at the official Stanislav Govorukhin website (in Russian)
- Art by Stanislav Govorukhin at Russia-K, March 20, 2006 (in Russian)
- An Exhibition of Works by Stanislav Govorukhin at the Russian Academy of Arts website, March 29, 2011 (in Russian)
- Patriarch Kirill congratulated the film director S. S. Govorukhin with his 80th birthday at the official Russian Orthodox Church website