Standing committee (India)
In the Indian Parliament, a Standing committee is a committee consisting of Members of Parliament or MPs . It is a permanent and regular committee which is constituted from time to time according to the provisions of an Act of Parliament or Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business. The work done by the Indian Parliament is not only voluminous but also of a complex nature, hence a great deal of its work is carried out in these Parliamentary committees.
Both Houses of Parliament, Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha, have similar committee structures with a few exceptions. Their appointment, terms of office, functions and procedures of conducting business are broadly similar. These standing committees are elected or appointed every year, or periodically by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, or as a result of consultation between them.
There are two types of Parliamentary committee, the Standing committee and the Ad hoc committee. 1. The Standing committees are constituted every year or frequently and they work on continuous basis. 2. Ad hoc committees are temporary and created for specific task. Once that task is completed, the ad hoc committees cease to exist.
Standing committees are broadly classified as follows:
- Standing committee of Rajya Sabha
- Standing committee of Lok Sabha
- Departmentally related Standing committee under Rajya Sabha
- Departmentally related Standing committee under Lok Sabha.
- committees to Enquire
- committees to scrutinise and control
- committees relating to day-to-day business of the House
- House Keeping committees
- Passing a Bill
- "committees of rajya sabha". Rajya Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- Parliamentary Committee. "Parliament of India". Indian Parliament.
- Committees of Rajya Sabha. "General Information". Rajya Sabha Secretariat.
- Lok Sabha - Committee Home. "Introduction". Lok Sabha Secretariat. Archived from the original on 2016-03-11.