Stakhanov, Ukraine

Kadiivka or Kadiyivka (Ukrainian: Кадіївка, romanizedKadiivka), also known as Kadiyevka (Russian: Кадиевка, romanizedKadiyevka), and Stakhanov, officially from 1978 until 2016, is a city in the Luhansk Oblast (region) of eastern Ukraine. The city is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Its population is approximately 75,745 (2017 est.)[2]. The city is called Stakhanov by the Luhansk People's Republic administration.

Stakhanov

Стаханов

Кадіївка
Kadiivka
Flag of Stakhanov
Flag
Coat of arms of Stakhanov
Coat of arms
Stakhanov is located in Lugansk Oblast
Stakhanov
Stakhanov
Stakhanov is located in Ukraine
Stakhanov
Stakhanov
Coordinates: 48°34′05″N 38°39′31″E / 48.56806°N 38.65861°E / 48.56806; 38.65861Coordinates: 48°34′05″N 38°39′31″E / 48.56806°N 38.65861°E / 48.56806; 38.65861
CountryUkraine
ProvinceLuhansk Oblast
Population
 • Total122,300
ClimateDfb

NameEdit

Before 1937 the city was known as Kadiivka. From 1937 to 1940 the city was named Sergo (Ukrainian: Серго, romanizedSerho) in honor of Sergo Ordzhonikidze, and then from 1940 to 1978 the city was again known as Kadiivka.

On 15 February, 1978 the city was named after the Soviet miner Alexey Stakhanov, who started his career there.[3]

Since 2014 the city is captured by Russian-backed militia troops as a part of self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic (LPR). However, Ukraine doesn't control the territory of LPR it's internationally recognized as a part of Ukraine by all member states of the United Nations.

On May 12, 2016 Ukraine's Verkhovna Rada within the process of decommunization change its name back to Kadiivka.[4][5]

HistoryEdit

A local newspaper has been published in the city since September 1930.[6]

Kadiivka has been a city since 1932.[7][8]

During the Second World War, the city was occupied by German troops from July 1942 until September 1943. A Soviet labor camp for German prisoners of war operated at Kadievka during the Second World War.[9][10]

In 1985, the city was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.[7]

In January 1989, the population was 112 023 people,[11] while the largest industrial enterprises were coal mines, a railway car building works, ferroalloy plant and a coke-chemical plant.[8]

In 1991, the population was 112,700 people.[12]

In 2013, the population was 77,593 people.[13]

Starting mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast;[14][15] they took over Stakhanov on 2 May 2014.[16][17]

According to reports on September 16, 2014, the city, which had been occupied by Luhansk People's Republic-affiliated Don Cossacks, seceded from the LPR on 14 September.[18] It was said Don Cossacks there proclaimed the Republic of Stakhanov, and that a "Cossack government" now ruled in Stakhanov.[19][18] However the following day this was claimed to be a fabrication, and an unnamed Don Cossack leader stated the September 14 meeting had, in fact, resulted in 12,000 Cossacks volunteering to join the LPR forces.[20]

In October 2015, the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine opened a Forward Patrol Base in the city, meaning that a small number of international monitors are permanently based here.[21]

DemographicsEdit

As of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[22]

Ethnicity
  • Ukrainians: 46.1%
  • Russians: 50.1%
  • Belarusians: 1%
  • Other: 2.9%
Language

City municipalityEdit

The Municipality of Stakhanov also includes two other cities:

Notable peopleEdit

Notable people that were born or lived in Stakhanov include:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  3. ^ Post-Soviet Geography, Volume 34, page 650
  4. ^ Офіційний портал Верховної Ради України
  5. ^ UNIAN
  6. ^ № 2911. Стахановское знамя // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986 - 1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.382
  7. ^ a b Стаханов // Советский энциклопедический словарь. редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. 4-е изд. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1986. стр.1271
  8. ^ a b Стаханов // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 2. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.410
  9. ^ Boeckh, Katrin (2007). Stalinismus in der Ukraine: die Rekonstruktion des sowjetischen Systems nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. p. 131.
  10. ^ Bonwetsch, Bernd; Bordjugov, Gennadij; Naimark, Norman M. (1998). Sowjetische Politik in der SBZ 1945-1949: Dokumente zur Tätigkeit der Propagandaverwaltung (Informationsverwaltung) der SMAD under Sergej Tjul'panow. Bonn: Verlag J.H.W. Dietz Nachf. Bonn. p. 57.
  11. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу
  12. ^ Stakhanov // The New Encyclopedia Britannica. 15th edition. Micropaedia. Vol.11. Chicago, 1994. page 204
  13. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2013 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2013. стор.75
  14. ^ Ragozin, Leonid (2014-04-16). "Putin Is Accidentally Helping Unite Eastern and Western Ukraine". New Republic. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
  15. ^ "TASS: World - Donbass defenders put WWII tank back into service". En.itar-tass.com. 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
  16. ^ Анастасия Баранова (2014-05-02). "In Stakhanov the armed extremists occupied premises of the Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies, requirements yet don't put forward". News.pn. 46.975033;31.994583. Retrieved 2016-04-07.CS1 maint: location (link)
  17. ^ Анастасия Баранова (2014-05-01). "In Stakhanov deputies of the City Council broke attempt of the mayor and separatists to appoint a referendum". News.pn. 46.975033;31.994583. Retrieved 2016-04-07.CS1 maint: location (link)
  18. ^ a b "Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine based on information received as of 18:00 (Kyiv time), 16 September 2014" (Press release). Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  19. ^ "Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine based on information received as of 18:00 (Kyiv time), 15 September 2014" (Press release). Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  20. ^ "Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine based on information received as of 18:00 (Kyiv time), 18 September 2014" (Press release). Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  21. ^ OSCE SMM Status Report as of 21 October 2015, Report by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, 21 October 2015, retrieved 26 May 2016.
  22. ^ "Офіційна сторінка Всеукраїнського перепису населення". Ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 2016-04-07.