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EtymologyEdit

The place-name means 'stony ford' from Old English stanig 'stony' and ford 'ford'. Its name was recorded as 'Stenforde' in Domesday Book in 1086 and is later recorded as 'Staneforde' in 1428.

HistoryEdit

Stainforth was established in the Anglo Saxon period and is recorded in the Domesday Book (1086), as a small settlement of 7 households. In 1066 it was under Earl Harold, but after the Norman Conquest it was given by William the Conqueror to William of (de) Warenne. In 1348, Stainforth received a Royal Charter, entitling it to hold a weekly market on Fridays and an annual ten-day fair. The town briefly thrived as a commercial centre and port and attracted traders from as far afield as the Isle of Axholme, but the market soon slumped as Bawtry grew in importance.[3] George Porter (later Lord Porter of Luddenham), the Nobel prize winning chemist, was born in the town in 1920.

Stainforth railway station opened on 7 July 1856 and closed on 1 October 1866. The town is now served by Hatfield and Stainforth railway station.

Speedway racing was staged at the greyhound stadium in the town in 1930. The original "professional" promotion failed and a few meetings organised by a riders' co-operative were staged at the venue.

 
Stainforth by night, from Hatfield Main. The towers of the former power station at Thorpe Marsh can be seen on the horizon

More recently, Stainforth was a mining village, with the Hatfield Main Colliery at its centre. The colliery was open for around 80 years, from when it entered full production in 1921 up to it closing in August 2001. During the 1972 national strike, a miner from Hatfield Colliery, Freddie Matthews, was killed by a lorry whilst picketing during the strike, which led to a huge crowd at his funeral.[4]

The colliery began reopening in 2006 and resumed full production in January 2008. The colliery closed in June 2015 and the shafts were filled. As a result, the work that was due to begin on a new 900 MW coal-fired power station[5] and industrial estate, Hatfield Power Park is looking unlikely. The power station would have been linked by a 40-mile (60 km) pipeline to Barmston in the East Riding of Yorkshire from where CO2 would have been released into porous layers beneath an impermeable bed of the North Sea as part of a carbon capture and storage scheme.[6][7][8][9]

The colliery and the surrounding area have been used in a number of television series and films, most notably Dalziel and Pascoe and Brassed Off, and more recently Faith.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Doncaster". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  3. ^ Hey, David. Medieval South Yorkshire.
  4. ^ Jones, David. "END OF AN ERA FOR NUM BRANCH". Doncaster Free Press. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Samsung backs £5bn Hatfield carbon-capture project". BBC. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  7. ^ "New public exhibitions for Yorkshire carbon dioxide pipe". BBC. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  8. ^ "Local residents to have their say on CCS project". National Grid. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  9. ^ "Welcome to the website for the National Grid Yorkshire and Humber carbon capture, transportation and storage (CCS) project". National Grid. Retrieved 19 June 2012.

External linksEdit