The Staatskapelle Dresden (known formally as the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden) is a German orchestra based in Dresden, the capital of Saxony. Founded in 1548 by Maurice, Elector of Saxony, it is one of the world's oldest and highest ranked orchestras. Its precursor ensemble was Die Kurfürstlich-Sächsische und Königlich-Polnische Kapelle (The Electoral Saxon and Royal Polish Orchestra). The orchestra is the musical body of the Staatsoper Dresden (Dresden State Opera). The venue of the orchestra is the Semperoper.
|Principal conductor||Christian Thielemann|
In the twentieth century, Richard Strauss became closely associated with the orchestra as both conductor and composer, which premiered several of his works. Karl Böhm and Hans Vonk were notable among the orchestra's chief conductors in that they served as chief conductors of both the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden and the State Opera simultaneously. Herbert Blomstedt was musical director of the Staatskapelle from 1975 to 1985, and now has the title of Ehrendirigent (honorary conductor) with the orchestra.
Giuseppe Sinopoli was chief conductor from 1992 until his sudden death in 2001. Bernard Haitink replaced him in August 2002, but resigned in 2004 over disputes with the Staatskapelle's Intendant, Gerd Uecker, on the orchestra's choice of successor. In August 2007 Fabio Luisi began his tenure as chief conductor after having appointed as far back as January 2004. He shared with Böhm and Vonk the historic distinction of being chief conductor of both the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden and the Sächsische Staatsoper simultaneously. Luisi was scheduled to step down as chief conductor in 2012 in accord with the October 2009 announcement of Christian Thielemann as the orchestra's next chief conductor, effective with the 2012-2013 season. However, Luisi resigned as chief conductor of the Staatskapelle in February 2010, effective immediately, after reports that the management had secured a contract with the ZDF network for a scheduled televised concert on New Year's Eve 2011 without consulting him at all in his capacity as the orchestra's GMD. Thielemann was initially contracted with the orchestra through 2019. In November 2017, the orchestra announced the extension of Thielemann's contract as chief conductor through 31 July 2024.
Sir Colin Davis held the title of 'conductor laureate' from 1990 until his death in 2013, the first and only to-date conductor to be granted this title by the orchestra. The orchestra named Myung-Whun Chung as its first-ever principal guest conductor, effective as of the 2012–2013 season.
In 2007, the orchestra inaugurated the post of Capell-Compositeur or composer-in-residence, with each appointed composer installed for one concert season. The first Capell-Compositeur was Isabel Mundry. Sofia Gubaidulina was Capell-Compositrice for the 2014–2015 and 2016–2017 seasons, the first composer to hold the title more than once. Arvo Pärt holds the title of Capell-Compositeur for the 2017–2018 season.
In April 2007, the European Cultural Foundation awarded the orchestra a prize "zur Bewahrung des musikalischen Weltkulturerbes" (for preservation of the world's musical heritage"). In June 2011, the orchestra was announced as the new resident orchestra of the Salzburg Easter Festival, as of 2013.
Kapellmeister and Chief ConductorsEdit
- 1548–1554 Johann Walter
- 1555–1568 Mattheus Le Maistre
- 1568–1580 Antonio Scandello
- 1580–1584 Giovanni Battista Pinelli
- 1587–1619 Rogier Michael
- 1615–1672 Heinrich Schütz (Hofkapellmeister)
- 1654–1680 Vincenzo Albrici
- 1656–1680 Giovanni Andrea Bontempi
- 1666–1688 Carlo Pallavicini
- 1688–1700 Nicolaus Adam Strungk (Hofkapellmeister)
- 1697–1728 Johann Christoph Schmidt (Hofkapellmeister)
- 1717–1719 Antonio Lotti
- 1717–1729 Johann David Heinichen
- 1725–1733 Giovanni Alberto Ristori
- 1733–1763 Johann Adolph Hasse (Hofkapellmeister)
- 1776–1801 Johann Gottlieb Naumann (Hofkapellmeister)
- 1802–1806 Ferdinando Paer (Hofkapellmeister)
- 1810–1841 Francesco Morlacchi (Hofkapellmeister)
- 1816–1826 Carl Maria von Weber (Hofkapellmeister)
- 1826–1859 Carl Gottlieb Reißiger (Hofkapellmeister)
- 1843–1848 Richard Wagner (Hofkapellmeister)
- 1850–1880 Carl August Krebs
- 1874–1877 Julius Rietz
- 1877–1884 Franz Wüllner
- 1884–1914 Ernst von Schuch
- 1914–1921 Fritz Reiner
- 1922–1933 Fritz Busch
- 1934–1943 Karl Böhm
- 1943–1944 Karl Elmendorff
- 1945–1950 Joseph Keilberth
- 1949–1953 Rudolf Kempe
- 1953–1955 Franz Konwitschny
- 1956–1958 Lovro von Matačić
- 1960–1964 Otmar Suitner
- 1964–1967 Kurt Sanderling
- 1966–1968 Martin Turnovský
- 1975–1985 Herbert Blomstedt
- 1985–1990 Hans Vonk
- 1992–2001 Giuseppe Sinopoli
- 2002–2004 Bernard Haitink
- 2007–2010 Fabio Luisi
- 2012–present Christian Thielemann
- Isabel Mundry (2007–2008)
- Bernhard Lang (2008–2009)
- Rebecca Saunders (2009–2010)
- Johannes Maria Staud (2010–2011)
- Lera Auerbach (2011–2012)
- Hans Werner Henze (2012–2013)
- Wolfgang Rihm (2013–2014)
- Sofia Gubaidulina (2014–2015)
- György Kurtág (2015–2016)
- Sofia Gubaidulina (2016–2017)
- Arvo Pärt (2017–2018)
- Péter Eötvös (2018–2019)
- Andrew Clark (2004-10-22). "Bernard Haitink: unfinished symphony". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 2013-01-02. Retrieved 2007-05-05.
- "Christian Thielemann wird Chefdirigent der Staatskapelle Dresden" (Press release). Staatskapelle Dresden. 9 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-13.[permanent dead link]
- Daniel J. Wakin (2010-02-04). "Saxon State Opera's Music Director Quits". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- "Bei der Staatskapelle Dresden beginnt die Thielemann-Ära". Die Zeit. 2012-08-27. Archived from the original on 2017-12-02. Retrieved 2017-05-08.
- "Vertragsverlängerung von Christian Thielemann beschlossen" (Press release). Staatskapelle Dresden. 30 November 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-01.
- "Staatskapelle Concert plan 2012-13 p 16" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
- "Staatskapelle Dresden to become orchestra for the Salzburg Easter Festival, and Christian Thielemann the festival's Artistic Director" (Press release). Staatskapelle Dresden. 8 June 2011. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- Ernst, Michael (1 March 2018). "Neue Saison ohne Überraschungen". Dresdner Neueste Nachrichten (in German). Retrieved 27 January 2019.
- Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden website
- English-language history of the orchestra, official website
- Homepage of the Semperoper
- Performances and ticket sales of the Semperoper
- "Europäische Kulturpreisverleihung am 26. April 2007 in Brüssel", European Cultural Foundation, photo posting, 31 December 2007
- Staatskapelle Dresden at AllMusic