St Pancras and Islington Cemetery

St Pancras and Islington Cemetery is a cemetery in East Finchley, North London. Although it is situated in the London Borough of Barnet, it is run as two cemeteries, owned by two other London Boroughs, Camden (formerly St Pancras) and Islington. The fence along the boundary which runs west to east between the two parts of the cemetery has been removed, although the line of it is still marked.

St Pancras and Islington Cemetery
Islington Chapel.jpg
Islington Chapel, English Heritage Listed Building Grade II
Details
Established1854
Location
CountryEngland
Coordinates51°35′52″N 0°10′06″W / 51.5979°N 0.1683°W / 51.5979; -0.1683
TypePublic
Size190 acres (77 ha)
No. of intermentsaround 1 million
WebsiteOfficial website

St Pancras and Islington is the third-largest single cemetery serving London, and in burial numbers, it is the largest in the UK with around one million interments and cremations.[citation needed] The cemetery is designated Grade II* on the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England.[1]

The cemetery was the first publicly-owned cemetery in London.[2][1]

CemeteryEdit

 
Headstone from the eastern boundary
 
Wooden crosses
 
Mond mausoleum
 
Islington and St Pancras Cemetery site map

Origin and developmentEdit

St Pancras and Islington, located in Finchley, is one of London's historically most interesting cemeteries. Following the Metropolitan Burials Act 1852 and later acts which were designed to alleviate serious health and other problems caused by overcrowded burial grounds and lack of management and accountability, the cemetery was established in 1854 as the first municipally owned cemetery in London when the St Pancras Burial Board bought 88 acres (360,000 m2) of the former Horseshoe Farm on Finchley Common. A further 94 acres (380,000 m2) were acquired in 1877 and the total area was divided between Islington and Camden, the former having two areas to the north-west and east, the latter having the remainder. A bank and ditch along the eastern edge marks the parish boundary between Finchley and Hornsey. The cemetery is bordered to the south by the ancient woodland of Coldfall Wood, to the north by the North Circular road, and to the west by the A1000 Great North Road. The cemetery contains several chapels and a large crematorium built by Albert Freeman in 1937.

ChapelsEdit

The St Pancras Anglican chapel (listed grade II) lies at the centre of the semicircular drive which links the entrance and exit to the cemetery, c 250m north-east of the entrance. It was built in 1853 by John Barnett and William C. Birch in a cruciform design, with decorated windows in Gothic style and a central octagonal crossing tower and spire. It was used by both St Pancras and Islington until 1896, when the Islington chapel was built. The Nonconformist chapel was built in the early 1850s by Barnett and Birch and had a six-sided lantern. It was demolished in the 20th century.

The St Pancras Roman Catholic chapel (1896; now demolished) lay on the north side of Roman Road (c 540m north-east of the Islington Anglican chapel), and was in a simple Gothic style. Many of the tombs in the Roman Catholic section are decorated with angels and there are several interesting tombs, including the Melesi Mausoleum of 1914, for an early victim of a car accident.

War gravesEdit

St Pancras Cemetery has a war graves plot containing over 100 graves from both world wars, together with a number of headstones retrieved from graves that were scattered elsewhere in the cemetery and could not be maintained. A memorial bears the names of 27 casualties whose graves could not be marked individually, and of six First World War casualties buried in the adjacent Islington Cemetery who could not be commemorated there. In total 299 First World War Commonwealth service casualties – including one unidentified Royal Navy sailor – and 207 Second World War casualties are commemorated or buried here.[3] The Victoria Cross recipient John Ross is buried here.[citation needed]

Islington Cemetery contains the graves of 334 Commonwealth service personnel of the First and 265 of the Second World War, which are all scattered throughout the cemetery. A Screen Wall memorial in the western part of the cemetery lists names of those buried here whose graves could not be individually marked by headstones, together with those of two servicemen of the Second World War who were cremated at Islington Crematorium. Six soldiers buried in this cemetery whose graves could not be located are alternatively commemorated on stones in St Pancras Cemetery (above).[4]

Mausoleums and memorialsEdit

The grade II listed Mond Mausoleum by Thomas Arthur Darcy Braddell is built in the Grecian style (based on the Temple of Nemesis) in granite and Portland stone, with a pediment supported by two fluted Ionic columns. It was built for Ludwig Mond, a German-born chemist and industrialist.[5]

There is a memorial for William French who died on 13 July 1896 while saving a dog from drowning in one of the Highgate Ponds in North London. The monument was paid for by public subscription.[citation needed]

Notable burialsEdit


Reburials from London churchyardsEdit

Belarusian community burialsEdit

 
Commemoration of Belarusians buried at the St Pancras and Islington Cemetery on Dziady, 2019

Being close to the Belarusian community centre in North Finchley, including the Francis Skaryna Belarusian Library and Museum and the Church of St Cyril of Turau, St Pancras and Islington Cemetery has become the burial place for a number of exiled Belarusian Catholic priests and notable members of the Belarusian British community, including:

EcologyEdit

 
Graves dating from the establishment of the cemetery under a mature horse chestnut which has grown up since

The cemetery has areas of neutral open grassland, wetland and ancient woodland. It is a Site of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation, Grade II.[6][7]

Environmental managementEdit

The London Ecology Unit has advised the owners on management aimed to conserve natural features, whilst recognising the primary use of the cemetery as a burial ground. In recent years, there has been a policy of informed indifference to areas that are not in active use for burials. The result has been a proliferation of natural wildlife. Large tracts of scrub and secondary woodland have been allowed to develop on former burial plots, supplementing the original plantings, and producing an exceptionally diverse habitat.

FloraEdit

This mixed secondary woodland consists largely of sycamore and ash, with much pedunculate oak, hawthorn and willow. Some exotic ornamental trees have been introduced from time to time, including avenues of limes and horse chestnuts, Lawson's cypress, various pines, yew and monkey-puzzle.

Holly and bramble woodland flora grows beneath the trees and alongside paths, including bluebells, pignut, goldilocks buttercup, cuckoo flower, bugle, and wild strawberry. These have spread from the adjacent woodland, or survived from the cemetery's prior existence as Horseshoe Farm.

In the north-east corner of the cemetery, the Strawberry Vale Brook, culverted for most of its length, emerges into an open course. Wetland habitats here contain mature white willow, rushes, reedmace, marsh thistle, pendulous sedge, and great willowherb.

Ornithology and zoologyEdit

Birds include green and great spotted woodpeckers, treecreeper and goldcrest and kestrel. Muntjac deer are frequent visitors.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "ST PANCRAS AND ISLINGTON CEMETERY, non Civil Parish – 1001688". Historic England.
  2. ^ "A history of Islington and St Pancras Cemetery". www.family-tree.co.uk. 2 November 2018.
  3. ^ "Cemetery Details". CWGC. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Cemetery Details". CWGC. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  5. ^ "ST PANCRAS AND ISLINGTON CEMETERY, non Civil Parish – 1001688". Historic England.
  6. ^ a b "St Pancras and Islington Cemetery". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2006. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  7. ^ "iGiGL – helping you find London's parks and wildlife sites". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2006. Archived from the original on 15 October 2012.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°36′00″N 0°09′54″W / 51.600°N 0.165°W / 51.600; -0.165