St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury

St Chad's Church occupies a prominent position in Shrewsbury, the county town of Shropshire. The current church building was built in 1792, and with its distinctive round shape and high tower it is a well-known landmark in the town. It faces The Quarry area of parkland, which slopes down to the River Severn. The church is a Grade I listed building.[2]

St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury
St Chads Shrewsbury.JPG
St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury, seen from The Quarry
LocationSt Chad's Terrace, Shrewsbury, SY1 1JX
CountryUnited Kingdom
DenominationChurch of England
ChurchmanshipLiberal Catholic
Websitewww.stchadschurchshrewsbury.com
Architecture
Heritage designationGrade I
Designated10 January 1953 [1]
Architect(s)George Steuart
Years built1792
Administration
DioceseDiocese of Lichfield
Clergy
Vicar(s)Mother Yejide Peters

The motto of the church is "open doors, open hearts, and open minds". This indicates the aspiration of the church to be a welcoming church, involved in the community, and on a collective journey seeking after God.[3]

Charles Darwin was baptised in St Chad's church in 1809, and as a young boy attended the church with his mother Susannah.[4]

In 2010, the church became a member of the Greater Churches Group.[5]

HistoryEdit

 
Inside St Chad's Church, looking towards the sanctuary
 
Palladian-style entrance to the church

The present building replaced an earlier church, dedicated to St Chad, situated near College Hill; this was a 13th-century building which was largely destroyed when the central tower collapsed in 1788. All that remains of the earlier building is a side chapel surrounded by a disused churchyard which also contains an exposed crypt.

Scottish architect George Steuart was commissioned to build a new church, and he submitted several preliminary designs. Due to a misunderstanding, Steuart went on to complete a circular plan which was not the Parish Church committee's preferred design; however, time was limited, and this was the design which was built.[6][7]

The foundation stone was laid on St Chad's day, 2 March 1790. The church was built of white Grinshill stone.[6][7] The building work was supervised by John Simpson (who later worked on several projects with Thomas Telford, including the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct). Internally, the gallery was supported by slender cast iron pillars, an early example of cast iron used for this purpose; they were made by William Hazledine, a pioneering ironmaster who had a foundry in Shrewsbury.[8][9] (There are memorials to Simpson and Hazledine on either side of the sanctuary arch of the church.)[7]

The church was opened on 19 August 1792.[7]

The sanctuary window is a copy in stained glass of a triptych by Rubens in Antwerp Cathedral; it was made in the 1840s by David Evans, a local stained glass artist. The original pulpit, which obscured the altar, was removed in 1888; it was replaced by a copper and brass pulpit in Arts and Crafts style, placed to one side and giving a clearer view of the Sanctuary.[6][7]

The entrance hall has many memorials relating to the 53rd Regiment of Foot, and its successor regiment the King's Shropshire Light Infantry (KSLI) including:

  • alabaster tablet memorial to officers and men of the 53rd who died at the Battle of Sobraon (1846);[10]
  • large tablet to those of that regiment who died in the Indian Mutiny campaign (1857–59);[10]
  • tablet to those of the 1st Battalion KSLI who died in the Egyptian campaign of 1882;[11]
  • tablet to those of the 1st KSLI who died in the occupation of Suakim, Sudan, 1885–86;[11]
  • tablet above vestibule entrance to KSLI dead (4,700 all ranks) of the First World War, unveiled 1930 in presence of Poet Laureate John Masefield;[11] and
  • books of remembrance of KSLI war dead of both World Wars, in separate cases, in addition to separate county books of remembrance to all war dead from the county of Shropshire.[12]

In 1913, a vestry off the right hand side of the entrance lobby was converted to a chapel of St Aidan, in memory of former vicar Richard Eden St Aubyn Arkwright. In 1951, at about the same time as a second storey was added to another vestry on the opposite side of the lobby, funds were raised to convert this chapel into a regimental chapel for the KSLI, resulting in an enlarged apse, new altar, rood screen, rails and chairs. In 1952 and 1966, Regimental colours were laid up here.[10]

After the First World War, the church's main sanctuary was refitted with a light oak reredos, designed by Cecil Lightwood Hare, new altar and wainscot as a memorial to the parish fallen of the war, repainted in gold leaf and cobalt in 1951.[13]

ChurchyardEdit

Still present in the now-disused churchyard is the headstone prop of Ebenezer Scrooge (played by George C. Scott) that was used in the 1984 film A Christmas Carol for the scene where Scrooge finds his own grave.[14] According to the Shrewsbury Town Crier, Martin Wood, the headstone is not a "prop" but an actual period headstone, on which the original inscription had deteriorated to the point that the movie production people asked the church if they could use it and inscribe the "Ebenezer Scrooge" words on it. Some of the original inscription can still be seen on the bottom part of the stone. Among those actually buried in the churchyard was Shrewsbury architect Edward Haycock, Sr.[15]

MusicEdit

Music is a strong tradition at St Chad's. The church has a robed choir which leads the music at many of the services. The church organ is a large three-manual pipe organ, built by Norman and Beard in 1904 and restored by Nicholson & Co Ltd in 1963 and Harrison & Harrison in 1985 and more recently in 2011.[16] The church hosts lunchtime organ recitals and other concerts.

Notable clergyEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Church of St Chad Shrewsbury British Listed Buildings, accessed 4 March 2015.
  2. ^ Historic England. "St Chad's Terrace, Church of St Chad (1344941)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 May 2009.
  3. ^ "St Chad's Church serving the local community". Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  4. ^ "English Heritage Pastscape: St Chad's Church". English Heritage. Retrieved 22 May 2010.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Official website, URL accessed 16 September 2010.
  6. ^ a b c Welcome to St Chads Church Shrewsbury (leaflet obtained in the church 2010)
  7. ^ a b c d e "Official website: History of St Chad's with St Mary's, Shrewsbury". Retrieved 12 September 2013. Note this source is anachronistic in calling the body the Parochial Church Council - such bodies were not created until 1921 when they replaced Vestry Committees.
  8. ^ "Graces Guide to British Industrial History: John Simpson". Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  9. ^ "Graces Guide to British Industrial History: William Hazledine". Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Francis, Peter (2013). Shropshire War Memorials, Sites of Remembrance. YouCaxton Publications. p. 188. ISBN 978-1-909644-11-3.
  11. ^ a b c Shropshire War Memorials, Sites of Remembrance. p. 189.
  12. ^ Shropshire War Memorials, Sites of Remembrance, pp. 189–190
  13. ^ Shropshire War Memorials, Sites of Remembrance. pp. 190–191.
  14. ^ Famous Grave Tour - no.4 : YouTube
  15. ^ "The Late Edward Haycock, Esq". Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal. 28 December 1870. p. 5.Obituary of Haycock.
  16. ^ http://www.stchadschurchshrewsbury.com/Newsletters/organrecitals2012.pdf[dead link]

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 52°42′26″N 2°45′32″W / 52.70722°N 2.75889°W / 52.70722; -2.75889