St Andrews Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 56°17′06″N 3°01′08″W / 56.285°N 3.019°W / 56.285; -3.019

St Andrews Burghs was a district of burghs constituency, representing various burghs of Fife, Scotland, in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, from 1832 to 1918.

St Andrews Burghs
Former District of Burghs constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of ScotlandFife
18321918
Number of membersOne
Replaced byEast Fife
Created fromPerth Burghs and Anstruther Burghs

Area coveredEdit

The constituency comprised the burghs of St Andrews, Anstruther Easter, Anstruther Wester, Crail, Cupar, Kilrenny and Pittenweem, all in the county of Fife. St Andrews and Cupar had previously been part of Perth Burghs, and the other burghs part of Anstruther Burghs.

In 1918 the constituency was abolished, and the burghs were thereafter represented as part of the East Fife constituency.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Year Member [1] Party
1832 Andrew Johnston Whig[2]
1837 Edward Ellice Whig[2][3][4][5]
1859 Liberal
1880 Stephen Williamson Liberal
1885 Sir Robert Anstruther Independent Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1886 Henry Torrens Anstruther Liberal Unionist
1903 Edward Charles Ellice Liberal
1906 William Anstruther-Gray Liberal Unionist
1910 James Duncan Millar Liberal
1910 William Anstruther-Gray Liberal Unionist
1912 Unionist
1918 constituency abolished

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1830sEdit

General election 1832: St Andrews Burghs[6][2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Whig Andrew Johnston 331 62.3
Tory Sir Ralph Abercromby Anstruther, 4th Baronet 200 37.7
Majority 131 24.6
Turnout 531 85.5
Registered electors 621
Whig win (new seat)
General election 1835: St Andrews Burghs[6][2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Whig Andrew Johnston Unopposed
Registered electors 669
Whig hold
General election 1837: St Andrews Burghs[6][2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Whig Edward Ellice 290 52.6
Conservative David Maitland Makgill[7] 261 47.4
Majority 29 5.2
Turnout 551 79.4
Registered electors 694
Whig hold

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: St Andrews Burghs[6][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Edward Ellice 366 58.7 +6.1
Conservative George Makgill 258 41.3 −6.1
Majority 108 17.4 +12.2
Turnout 624 74.7 −4.7
Registered electors 835
Whig hold Swing +6.1
General election 1847: St Andrews Burghs[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Edward Ellice Unopposed
Registered electors 768
Whig hold

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: St Andrews Burghs[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Edward Ellice Unopposed
Registered electors 680
Whig hold
General election 1857: St Andrews Burghs[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Edward Ellice 357 63.9 N/A
Peelite Francis Brown Douglas[8][9][10][11] 202 36.1 New
Majority 155 27.8 N/A
Turnout 559 78.3 N/A
Registered electors 714
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1859: St Andrews Burghs[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Ellice Unopposed
Registered electors 742
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1865: St Andrews Burghs[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Ellice Unopposed
Registered electors 839
Liberal hold
General election 1868: St Andrews Burghs[6][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Ellice Unopposed
Registered electors 1,847
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General election 1874: St Andrews Burghs[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Ellice Unopposed
Registered electors 2,108
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: St Andrews Burghs[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Stephen Williamson 1,258 58.5 N/A
Liberal James Lindsay Bennet[13] 892 41.5 N/A
Majority 366 17.0 N/A
Turnout 2,150 84.6 N/A
Registered electors 2,542
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1885: St Andrews Burghs[14][15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Liberal Robert Anstruther 1,257 50.0 New
Liberal Stephen Williamson 1,255 50.0 −8.5
Majority 2 0.0 N/A
Turnout 2,512 88.5 +0.9
Registered electors 2,837
Independent Liberal gain from Liberal Swing N/A

The original count put the two 1885 candidates at 1,256 votes and, as the returning officer was not a constituent, he was unable to cast the deciding vote and declared both elected. After scrutiny, Anstruther gained two additional votes and lost one, while Williamson lost one also.[16]

 
Brassey
General election 1886: St Andrews Burghs[14][15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Henry Torrens Anstruther 1,132 61.3 New
Liberal Thomas Brassey 716 38.7 −11.3
Majority 416 22.6 N/A
Turnout 1,848 65.1 −23.4
Registered electors 2,837
Liberal Unionist gain from Independent Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: St Andrews Burghs[17][15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Henry Torrens Anstruther 1,066 52.8 −8.5
Liberal Martin White 954 47.2 +8.5
Majority 112 5.6 −17.0
Turnout 2,020 79.6 +14.5
Registered electors 2,537
Liberal Unionist hold Swing −8.5
General election 1895: St Andrews Burghs[18][15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Henry Torrens Anstruther 1,185 54.5 +1.7
Liberal John Paton 989 45.5 −1.7
Majority 196 9.0 +3.4
Turnout 2,174 81.1 +1.5
Registered electors 2,679
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +1.7

Elections in the 1900sEdit

 
Annand
General election January 1900[19][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Henry Torrens Anstruther 1,148 51.2 −3.3
Liberal James Annand 1,094 48.8 +3.3
Majority 54 2.4 −6.6
Turnout 2,242 76.0 −5.1
Registered electors 2,951
Liberal Unionist hold Swing −3.3
1903 St Andrews Burghs by-election[19][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Ellice 1,324 50.7 +1.9
Liberal Unionist William Anstruther-Thomson 1,288 49.3 -1.9
Majority 36 1.4 N/A
Turnout 2,612 82.6 +6.6
Registered electors 3,162
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +1.9
General election January 1906[19][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist William Anstruther-Gray 1,495 50.4 −0.8
Liberal Edward Ellice 1,472 49.6 +0.8
Majority 23 0.8 −1.6
Turnout 2,967 91.4 +15.4
Registered electors 3,247
Liberal Unionist hold Swing −0.8

Elections in the 1910sEdit

 
Duncan Millar
General election Jan 1910: St Andrews Burghs[20][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Duncan Millar 1,507 50.6 +1.0
Liberal Unionist William Anstruther-Gray 1,469 49.4 −1.0
Majority 38 1.2 N/A
Turnout 2,976 92.8 +1.4
Registered electors 3,206
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +1.0
General election Dec 1910: St Andrews Burghs[20][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist William Anstruther-Gray 1,675 50.7 +1.3
Liberal James Duncan Millar 1,626 49.3 −1.3
Majority 49 1.4 N/A
Turnout 3,301 94.8 +2.0
Registered electors 3,481
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +1.3

General election 1914/15:

Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 1)
  2. ^ a b c d e f Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 211. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  3. ^ Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 82. Retrieved 4 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "Rt. Hon. Edward Ellice". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. University College London. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  5. ^ Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 167. Retrieved 4 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) |format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  7. ^ "Scotland". Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser. 15 July 1837. p. 3. Retrieved 7 May 2020 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ "The Return of Mr Brown Douglas — To Edinburgh". Falkirk Herald. 2 April 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 4 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ "Caledonian Mercury". 7 February 1856. p. 4. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ "South Eastern Gazette". 5 February 1856. p. 2. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ "English and Scotch News". Dublin Evening Packet and Correspondent. 2 February 1856. p. 3. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons 1870
  13. ^ "St Andrews Burghs". Fife Herald. 15 April 1880. p. 1. Retrieved 10 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  14. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  15. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  17. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  18. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  19. ^ a b c British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig
  20. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  21. ^ Dundee Courier 9 Jan 1914