St. Michael's Cathedral, Alba Iulia

St. Michael's Cathedral (Romanian: Catedrala Sfântul Mihail, Hungarian: Gyulafehérvári Szent Mihály érseki székesegyház) is the Roman Catholic cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Alba Iulia, Romania, and the oldest and the longest cathedral in the country.

St. Michael's Cathedral
Catedrala romano-catolica "Sf. Mihail".jpg
St. Michael's Cathedral is located in Romania
St. Michael's Cathedral
St. Michael's Cathedral
Location in Romania
46°04′03″N 23°34′12″E / 46.0676°N 23.5700°E / 46.0676; 23.5700Coordinates: 46°04′03″N 23°34′12″E / 46.0676°N 23.5700°E / 46.0676; 23.5700
LocationAlba Iulia
Country Romania
DenominationRoman Catholic
History
StatusActive
Founded13th century
Founder(s)Stephen I
Architecture
Functional statusCathedral
Architectural typeChurch
StyleRomanesque and Gothic
Administration
ArchdioceseRoman Catholic Archdiocese of Alba Iulia
Clergy
ArchbishopGyörgy Jakubinyi

HistoryEdit

The diocese of Gyulafehérvár was founded by Stephen I of Hungary in 1009. The construction of the first cathedral was begun that time, though was completed only in the end of the century, under the rule of Ladislaus I. During the same period, towards the end of the 11th century they began constructing the second cathedral. The transversal naves and the first part of the sanctuary of the present cathedral were built in Romanesque style. During the Mongol invasion of 1241, the church was destroyed. In the middle of the 13th century the cathedral was rebuilt on the old foundation, in the transitory style between Romanesque and Gothic. Not much later, in 1277, Saxons pillaged the cathedral and set it on fire. In the 15th century, the building was reconstructed. In 1439, it was again damaged after a Turkish invasion during the Ottoman–Hungarian wars. The archbishop of Esztergom and the regent-governor of Hungary, John Hunyadi contributed to the reconstruction – this was the time when the latter one chose the cathedral of Gyulafehérvár as a burial place. During the first part of the 16th century, the building was improved, and further parts were added to it. In 1601, during the Wallachian invasion led by Michael the Brave, the cathedral was pillaged, even the tombs of the Hunyadis were damaged. In 1603, the Habsburg army, led by Giorgio Basta sieged the building. In 1658, during the next invasion of the Ottomans, the cathedral was damaged again.

ArchitectureEdit

BurialsEdit

A list of people interred here:

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Muresanu, Camil (2001). John Hunyadi : Defender of Christendom. The Center for Romanian Studies. p. 200. ISBN 973-9432-18-2. The body of the hero was brought to Transylvania and buried in the Catholic cathedral in Alba Iulia