Saint-Leonard (// LEE-oh-nard; French: Saint-Léonard [sɛ̃ leonaʁ]) is a borough (arrondissement) of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Formerly a separate city, it was amalgamated into the city of Montreal in 2002. The former city was originally called Saint-Léonard de Port Maurice after Leonard of Port Maurice, an Italian saint. The borough is home to Montreal's Via Italia.
Saint-Léonard church on Rue Jarry.
Saint-Leonard's location in Montreal
|January 1, 2002|
|Electoral Districts |
|• Mayor||Michel Bissonnet (EDC)|
|• Federal MP(s)||Nicola Di Iorio (LPC)|
|• Quebec MNA(s)||Filomena Rotiroti (PLQ)|
|• Land||13.51 km2 (5.22 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,603.8/km2 (14,514/sq mi)|
|• Change (2006-11)||5.5%|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||Area code 514/438|
|Access Routes||A-40 (TCH)|
The parish of Saint-Léonard-de-Port-Maurice was founded in April 1886 and eventually became the City of Saint-Léonard-de-Port-Maurice on March 5, 1915.
The borough has one of the highest concentrations of Italian-Canadians in the city, along with Rivière-des-Prairies (RDP). As such, it has surpassed Montreal's rapidly gentrifying Little Italy as the centre for Italian culture in the city, with numerous cultural institutions and commercial enterprises serving the city's second-most populous cultural community. The stretch of Jean Talon Street between Langelier and Viau Boulevards has become known as Via Italia. By necessity, many services are available in Italian, English and French (the Leonardo da Vinci Centre, for instance, offers cultural activities and events in the three languages). The borough is characterized by its spacious, wide-set semi-detached brick duplexes (and triplexes, four-plexes, and five-plexes — an architectural style unique to Montreal), backyard vegetable gardens, Italian bars (cafés), and pastry shops serving Italian-Canadian staples such as cannoli, sfogliatelle, lobster tails, and zeppole. At some times of year, it is possible to observe seasonal Italian traditions like the making of wine, cheese, sausage, and tomato sauce in quantity. These activities bring extended families and neighbours together and often spill out into front driveways.
|English and French||1,360||1.90%|
Located in the East End of Montreal, Saint-Leonard was traditionally a rural francophone hamlet with under a thousand people until the mid-twentieth century. The town became increasingly developed and urban throughout the twentieth century, benefiting from the expansion of the City of Montreal and a massive wave of Italian immigration which enriched life in the area with numerous cafes and restaurants. Today it is one of the most diverse and multi-cultural neighbourhoods on the Island of Montreal.
|English and French||870||520||335|
Sports and recreationEdit
The Saint-Léonard Aquatic Complex (French: Complexe aquatique de Saint-Léonard) was built in 2006 and is home to three swimming pools: one recreational basin, one 25-metre (82 ft) pool and one acclimation basin that includes a turbo bath spa. There are also two saunas, one for women and one for men.
Skaters can skate safely in any one of the two skate parks located in the city of Saint Leonard. Admission to these parks is free, and they are open to the public May through October.
Saint Leonard has 10 km of bike paths around the city, that connect various parks, pools and city structures.
Saint Leonard has two hockey arenas, Aréna Martin Brodeur, located on 5300 boulevard Robert, and Aréna Roberto Luongo, located on 7755 Rue Colbert. These arenas host local games, and usually provide food, locker rooms, showers and public free-skating.
Saint Leonard also has many outdoor hockey rinks in the winter. There are seven rinks set up before winter, and then they are iced when the temperature is appropriate. There was a delay of rink making in 2007 when the weather was warmer than usual.
Soccer is a very popular sport for the youth in Saint Leonard. Nearly every public park in has a soccer field open to the public.
Both Saint Leonard arenas are used by the figure skating community. Many Olympic and World Champions have trained here in different disciplines like singles, pairs, dance and synchronized skating.
The city has a domed football stadium, Stade Hébert, which is home to the Saint-Léonard Cougars.
There are bocce courts located at almost every public park.
Saint Leonard contains an underground cavern located at Pie XII Park.
|Park||Basketball||Soccer||Bocce||Sledding||Fountain||Playground||Ice rink||Pavilion||Tennis||Swimming pool||Skate Park||Baseball||Shuffleboard||Pétanque||Spelunking|
|Pie XII Park||x||x||x||x||x||x||x||x||x||x||x||x||x|
|Wilfrid Bastien Park||x||x||x||x||x||x||x||x||x||x||x|
Since the replacement of denominational (Catholic/Protestant) school boards with linguistic (French/English) ones, Saint-Leonard is served by two school boards. The French schools are part of the Commission scolaire Pointe-de-l'Ile while the English schools are part of the English Montreal School Board.
French-language primary schools:
- La Dauversière
- Pie XII
English-language secondary schools:
English-language primary schools:
Saint-Léonard is divided by Lacordaire Boulevard into two city council districts, Saint-Léonard-Est and Saint-Léonard-Ouest. The borough elects a borough mayor, who also sits on Montreal City Council; each district elects one city councillor and one borough councillor. The borough mayor, city councillors, and borough councillors make up the borough council.
Following the November 5, 2017 Montreal municipal election, the composition of the borough council remained unchanged, and consists of the following councillors:
|Michel Bissonnet||Équipe Coderre|
|Saint-Léonard-Est||City councillor||Patricia Lattanzio||Équipe Coderre|
|Borough councillor||Lili-Anne Tremblay||Équipe Coderre|
|Saint-Léonard-Ouest||City councillor||Dominic Perri||Équipe Coderre|
|Borough councillor||Mario Battista||Équipe Coderre|
Includes mayors of the former city (1886–2001) and current borough (2002- ) of Saint-Leonard:
- Louis Sicard (1886–1901)
- Gustave Pépin (1901–1903)
- Léon Léonard (1903–1905)
- Jean-Baptiste Jodoin (1905–1906)
- Joseph Léonard (1906–1907)
- Louis D Roy (1907–1910)
- Wilfrid Bastien (1910–1929)
- Pascal Gagnon (1929–1935)
- Philias Gagnon (1935–1939)
- Alphonse D Pesant (1939–1957)
- Antonio Dagenais (1957–1962)
- Paul Émile Petit (1962–1967)
- Leo Ouellet (1967–1974)
- Jean Di Zazzo (1974–1978)
- Michel Bissonnet (1978–1981)
- Antonio di Ciocco (1981–1984)
- Raymond Renaud (1984–1990)
- Frank Zampino (1990–2008)
- Michel Bissonnet (2008- )
Notable people and companiesEdit
- Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Saint-Léonard
- Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-LÉONARD--SAINT-MICHEL (Quebec)
- Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: JEANNE-MANCE-VIGER
- 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Saint-Léonard, Quebec
- "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité" (PDF). Canada 2011 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Official Transport Quebec Road Map
- Canadian Politics, Riding by Riding Tony L. Hill - 2002 "The former city of Saint-Léonard was once a key centre for produce growing on Montreal Island, but it's now a middle-class suburb whose burgeoning industry ..."
- Panoram Italia - Fun Facts about Montreal Italians!
- Panoram Italia - Spotlight on Montreal’s East End Italians
- "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement de Saint-Léonard" (PDF) (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Secondaire Archived 2015-03-31 at Archive.today." Commission scolaire de la Pointe-de-l'Île. Retrieved on December 8, 2014.
- "Primaire Archived 2015-03-31 at Archive.today." Commission scolaire de la Pointe-de-l'Île. Retrieved on December 8, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2014-12-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Les bibliothèques par arrondissement." Montreal Public Libraries Network. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.