St. Kilian's Abbey, Würzburg

49°47′24″N 9°55′29″E / 49.78994°N 9.92474°E / 49.78994; 9.92474 The Abbey of the Holy Redeemer (S. Salvatoris), also called St. Kilian's Abbey, was a Benedictine monastery in Würzburg, Germany. It was founded by Burchard, the first Bishop of Würzburg, about 745.

The monks had charge of Würzburg Cathedral (Salvatormünster) and the cathedral school. The latter gained considerable renown. Probably owing to laxity in observance of the rule, Bernwelf, Bishop of Würzburg, replaced the monks in 786 by canons who led a common life and were popularly styled Brothers of St. Kilian. The expelled monks, more than fifty in number, found a home at the Abbey of Neustadt on the Main, where Bishop Megingaud, who had resigned the See of Würzburg, was abbot.

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  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainOtt, Michael (1913). "Würzburg Abbeys". In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. The entry cites:
    • LINK, Klosterbuch der Diocese Würzburg, I (Würzburg, 1873), 105–8.
    • WIELAND, Kloster und Ritterstift zu St. Burkard in Archiv des hist. Vereins fur Unterfranken, XV, fasc. 1–2.
    • LINK, Klosterbuch, I (Würzburg, 1873), 395–402;
    • Pirmin August Lindner [de], Schriftsteller, O.S.B., in Bayern, 1750–1880, II (Ratisbon, 1880), 196–202.
    • WIELAND, Dad Schottenkloster zu St. Jakob in Würzburg in Archiv des hist. Vereins fur Unterfranken, XVI, 21–182; LINK, Klosterbuch, I, 402–9.