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St. Charles Historic District

The St. Charles Historic District is a national historic district located at St. Charles, St. Charles County, Missouri. It is the site of the first permanent European settlement on the Missouri River and of the embarkation of Lewis and Clark's journey of exploration along the Missouri. The first state capital of Missouri and over one hundred other historic buildings are located in the district.[2]

St. Charles Historic District
1st Capitol St Charles MO.JPG
St. Charles Historic District is located in Missouri
St. Charles Historic District
St. Charles Historic District is located in the US
St. Charles Historic District
LocationRoughly bounded by the Missouri River and Madison, Chauncey, and 2nd Sts.; also 1000 S. Main St.; also bounded by Madison, 2nd, Jefferson, and the alley behind the 100 block of S. Main St.; also the 100, 200, and 300 blocks of N. Main St., St. Charles, Missouri
Coordinates38°46′33″N 90°28′41″W / 38.77583°N 90.47806°W / 38.77583; -90.47806Coordinates: 38°46′33″N 90°28′41″W / 38.77583°N 90.47806°W / 38.77583; -90.47806
Area47 acres (19 ha), 1.3 acres (0.53 ha), 3.1 acres (1.3 ha), 9 acres (3.6 ha)
ArchitectMultiple
Architectural styleLate 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Greek Revival, Late Victorian, Italianate
NRHP reference #70000856 (original)
87000903 (increase 1)
91000504
96001087[1] (increase 2)
Significant dates
Added to NRHPSeptember 22, 1970
Boundary increasesJune 4, 1987
May 1, 1991
October 10, 1996

The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970, including 63 contributing buildings over a 47-acre (19 ha) area. The district was later increased three times.[1]

The original listing included the separately NRHP-listed First Missouri State Capitol Buildings and the Newbill-McElhiney House.[1][3] In 1987 the district was increased to include a Greek Revival specialty store building at 1000 S. Main Street, with a 1.3-acre (0.53 ha) area.[1] In 1991 the district was increased by 3.1 acres (1.3 ha) to include 13 more contributing buildings, including work by architects William D. Parsons and H.C. Bode. This included the St. Charles Odd Fellows Hall, the Old City Hall, a post office, and other buildings in Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Greek Revival, and Late Victorian architectural styles.[1][4]

In 1996 the district was further increased by 9 acres (3.6 ha) to include 41 more contributing buildings on the 100, 200, and 300 blocks of N. Main Street. These include Greek Revival, Italianate, and Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals architecture, including work by architects Albert B. Groves and Frank & Adolph Haverkamp.[1][5]

External video
First state capitol of Missouri.jpg
First Missouri State Capitol State Historic Site, (3:32), Modrnmedia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ "St. Charles Historic District". Lewis and Clark Expedition. National Park Service. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  3. ^ M. Patricia Holmes (May 1970). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: St. Charles Historic District" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2017-02-01. (includes 12 photographs) and Site map
  4. ^ Mary M. Stiritz (December 1990). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: St. Charles Historic District (Boundary Increase #2)" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2017-02-01. (includes 7 photographs) and Site map
  5. ^ Mary M. Stiritz (June 1996). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: St. Charles Historic District (Boundary Increase III)" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2017-02-01. (includes 2 photographs) and Site map

External linksEdit