St. Benedict the Moor Church (New York City)

Coordinates: 40°45′52.81″N 73°59′11.61″W / 40.7646694°N 73.9865583°W / 40.7646694; -73.9865583

St. Benedict the Moor Church was a Black Catholic parish church in the Archdiocese of New York, located at 342 West 53rd Street, Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan (Clinton), New York City.

St. Benedict the Moor Church
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St. Benedict the Moor Church at 342 West 53rd Street (to right) and the rectory at 338–342 West 53rd Street (to left), which was built in 1965 to the designs of architect Joseph Mitchell
General information
Architectural styleItalianate (church)
Address342 W 53rd Street
Town or cityHell's Kitchen / Clinton, Manhattan, New York City
CountryUnited States
Completed1869 (church)[2]
1965 (for rectory)[1]
Cost$220,000 (for 1965 rectory)[1]
ClientRoman Catholic Archdiocese of New York
Design and construction
Architect1965 rectory:
Joseph Mitchell[1]

ParishEdit

In 1883 a Black Catholic mission parish named after St. Benedict the Moor was established by Fr Thomas Farrell to serve the African-American community in Lower Manhattan. It was the first church in the city for black Catholics[3] and the first north of the Mason–Dixon line.[2]

In 1892, the parish took over the former Third Universalist Church at 210 Bleecker Street, at a time when many African Americans lived in southern Manhattan.[4] It renamed that church for its parish. Upon leaving the church on Bleecker Street, the building became occupied by Our Lady of Pompeii Church.[5]

Fr Augustus Tolton, the first openly-Black Catholic priest in the United States, celebrated his first Mass in America at this parish in 1889. A decade later, the first openly-Black Catholic seminarian, William Augustine Williams (who entered seminary in Rome in 1853 and departed in 1862), became the parish sacristan.

As the black population moved north, in 1898 the parish took over the former Second German Church of the Evangelical Association at 342 W. 53rd Street in Hell's Kitchen, renaming it as St. Benedict the Moor Church.[2] More change came by the end of the next two decades. In the 1920s, many of the parishioners moved with other African Americans to Harlem,[2] which became a center of African-American life.

 
Church of St. Benedict the Moor, 210 Bleecker Street, in 1893

Since 1953 the church in Hell's Kitchen was staffed by Spanish friars of the Third Order of Saint Francis (T.O.R.), and it was rededicated in 1954. The parish has been reduced to mission status, and is maintained by members of the new Lumen Christi congregation. Although recommended for closure during an initial review, the Archdiocese announced on January 19, 2007, that the church would retain its parish status.[6]

On June 30, 2017, the church was deconsecrated.[7]

BuildingsEdit

The Italianate-style red brick pedimented church was built in 1869, designed by R.C. McLane & Sons for the Second German Church of the Evangelical Association.[2] After the parishioners moved out of the area, St. Benedict the Moor Church, a black Catholic parish, took over this building in 1898, with its own parishioners move north in Manhattan.

A three-storey rectory at 338–342 West 53rd Street was built in 1965 to the designs of Joseph Mitchell, of 355 West 54th Street, for $220,000. That rectory reused the statue of the Virgin Mary with outstretched arms from the church.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Office for Metropolitan History, "Manhattan NB Database 1900–1986," (Accessed 25 December 2010).
  2. ^ a b c d e "St. Benedict the Moor Church", NYC AGO, accessed 21 March 2015
  3. ^ David W. Dunlap, From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.) p. 219.
  4. ^ The World Almanac 1892 and Book of Facts (New York: Press Publishing, 1892), p. 390
  5. ^ "History - Our Lady of Pompeii NYC". Our Lady of Pompeii Church. Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  6. ^ Michael Luo, "Archdiocese to Shut 21 N.Y. Parishes", The New York Times, January 19, 2007, Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  7. ^ Dolan, Timothy Michael (June 30, 2017) "Decree on the Relegation of the Church of Saint Benedict the Moor in the Parish of Sacred Heart of Jesus–Saint Benedict the Moor, New York", Office of the Cardinal, Archdiocese of New York