Stężyca, Pomeranian Voivodeship

Stężyca [stɛ̃ˈʐɨt͡sa] (Kashubian Stãżëca, German Stendsitz) is a village in Kartuzy County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Stężyca.[1] It lies approximately 22 kilometres (14 mi) south-west of Kartuzy and 48 km (30 mi) west of the regional capital Gdańsk. It is located within the ethnocultural region of Kashubia in the historic region of Pomerania.

Stężyca
Village
Church of Saint Catherine of Alexandria
Church of Saint Catherine of Alexandria
Stężyca is located in Poland
Stężyca
Stężyca
Stężyca is located in Pomeranian Voivodeship
Stężyca
Stężyca
Coordinates: 54°12′19″N 17°56′57″E / 54.20528°N 17.94917°E / 54.20528; 17.94917
CountryPoland Poland
VoivodeshipPomeranian
CountyKartuzy
GminaStężyca
Population
2,200
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Websitehttp://www.gminastezyca.pl

The village has a population of 2,200.

HistoryEdit

Stężyca was a royal village of the Polish Crown, administratively located in the Tczew County in the Pomeranian Voivodeship.[2]

During the occupation of Poland (World War II), several Poles from Stężyca were murdered in 1939 by the Germans in large massacres in the Kaliski forest near Kartuzy (see Intelligenzaktion).[3] Several Polish families were expelled from the village in 1941, and the entire remaining Polish population was expelled in 1943, while their farms were handed over to German colonists as part of the Lebensraum policy.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ Marian Biskup, Andrzej Tomczak, Mapy województwa pomorskiego w drugiej połowie XVI w., Toruń, 1955, p. 113 (in Polish)
  3. ^ Maria Wardzyńska, Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion, IPN, Warszawa, 2009, p. 154 (in Polish)
  4. ^ Maria Wardzyńska, Wysiedlenia ludności polskiej z okupowanych ziem polskich włączonych do III Rzeszy w latach 1939-1945, IPN, Warszawa, 2017, p. 108, 133 (in Polish)

Coordinates: 54°12′19″N 17°56′57″E / 54.20528°N 17.94917°E / 54.20528; 17.94917