The Städel, officially the Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie, is an art museum in Frankfurt, with one of the most important collections in Germany. The Städel Museum owns 3,100 paintings, 660 sculptures, more than 4,600 photographs and more than 100,000 drawings and prints.[3][4] It has around 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft) of display and a library of 115,000 books.[5]

Städel
Städel-Museum.svg
Staedel-Jubilaeum-2015-Ffm-626.jpg
The Städel Museum, March 2015
Interactive fullscreen map
Established1817; 206 years ago (1817)
LocationSchaumainkai 63, Museumsufer, Frankfurt, Germany
Coordinates50°6′11.5″N 8°40′25.3″E / 50.103194°N 8.673694°E / 50.103194; 8.673694Coordinates: 50°6′11.5″N 8°40′25.3″E / 50.103194°N 8.673694°E / 50.103194; 8.673694
TypeArt museum
Key holdingsLucas Cranach the Elder, Albrecht Dürer, Sandro Botticelli, Rembrandt van Rijn, Jan Vermeer, Claude Monet, Pablo Picasso, Max Beckmann, Gerhard Richter
Collections
  • Old Masters
  • Modern Art
  • Contemporary Art
  • Department of Prints and Drawings
  • Photography
Collection size
  • 3,100 paintings
  • 660 sculptures
  • 4,600 photographs
  • 100,000 drawings and prints[1]
Visitors
  • 390,532 (2017)[2]
  • 390,593 (2018)[2]
  • 580.137 (2019)[2]
  • 318,732 (2020)[2]
  • 161,414 (2021)[2]
FounderJohann Friedrich Städel
DirectorPhilipp Demandt
Architects
Employees109 (2021)[2]
Public transit access
Websitewww.staedelmuseum.de
The Städel Museum with Städel Garden, October 2014

In 2012, the Städel was honoured as Museum of the Year [de] by the German art critics association AICA.[6][7] In the same year the museum recorded the highest attendance figures in its history, of 447,395 visitors.[8] In 2020 the museum had 318,732 visitors, down 45 percent from 2019, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It ranked 71st on the list of most-visited art museums in 2020.[9]

HistoryEdit

The Städel was founded in 1817,[10] and is one of the oldest museums in Frankfurt's Museumsufer, or museum embankment. The founding followed a bequest by the Frankfurt banker and art patron Johann Friedrich Städel (1728–1816), who left his house, art collection and fortune with the request in his will that the institute be set up.[11][12][13] In the early years, Städel's former living quarters at Frankfurt's Roßmarkt [de] were used to present his collection.[a][16] The collection received its first exhibition building at the Neue Mainzer Straße [de] in 1833.[b][17][18]

BuildingEdit

In 1878, a new museum building, in the Neo-Renaissance style,[19] was erected by Oskar Sommer [de] on Schaumainkai, a street along the south side of the river Main.[20]

World War IIEdit

In 1937, 77 paintings and 700 prints were confiscated from the museum when the National Socialists declared them "degenerate art".[21]

In 1939, the collection was moved out of Frankfurt to protect it from damage in World War II. The collection of the Städel Museum was removed from the museum to avoid destruction from the Allied bombings, and the collection was stored in the Schloss Rossbach, a castle owned by the Baron Thüngen near Bad Brückenau in Bavaria. There, the museum's paintings and library were discovered by Lt. Thomas Carr Howe, USN, of the American Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives program. Although the Baron von Thüngen and his wife were uncooperative with the Americans, Frau Dr. Holzinger, a licensed physician and the Swiss wife of the Städel Museum director, was present at the site and assisted with the cataloging and the removal of the items to the Munich Central Collecting Point. Lt. Howe said, "The first room to be inspected was a library adjoining the sitting room in which we had been waiting. Here we found a quantity of excellent French Impressionist paintings, all from the permanent collection of the Städel Museum, and a considerable number of fine Old Master drawings. Most of these were likewise the property of the museum, but a few – I remember one superb Rembrandt sketch – appeared to have come from Switzerland. Those would, of course, have to be looked into later, to determine their exact origin and how they came to be on loan to the museum. But for the moment we were concerned primarily with storage conditions and the problem of security. In another room we found an enormous collection of books, the library of one of the Frankfurt museums. In a third we encountered an array of medieval sculpture – saints all sizes and description, some of carved wood, others of stone, plain or polychromed. These too, were of museum origin. The last storage room was below ground, a vast, cavernous chamber beneath the house. Here was row upon row of pictures, stacked in two tiers down the center of the room and also along two sides. From what we could make of them in the poor light, they were not of high quality. During the summer months they would be alright in the underground room, but we thought the place would be very damp in the winter. Frau Holzinger assured us that this was so and that the pictures should be removed before the bad weather set in."[22]

Renovations and extensionsEdit

The gallery was substantially damaged by air raids in World War II and it was rebuilt by 1966 following a design by the Frankfurt architect Johannes Krahn.[23] An expansion building for the display of 20th-century work and special exhibits was erected in 1990, designed by the Austrian architect Gustav Peichl.[24][25] Small structural changes and renovations took place from 1997 to 1999.[26]

The largest extension in the history of the museum to 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft) intended for the presentation of contemporary art was designed by the Frankfurt architectural firm Schneider+Schumacher [de] and opened in February 2012.[27][28][29]

Digital expansionEdit

The Städel has been significantly enlarging its activities and outreach through a major digital expansion on the occasion of its 200-year anniversary in 2015.[30] Already available to visitors is an exhibition 'digitorial' and free access to WiFi throughout the museum and its grounds. From March the museum will offer to visitors a new Städel app, the possibility of listening to audio guides on their own devices, and a new 'cabinet of digital curiosities'. Several more projects are currently in development including an online exhibition platform; educational computer games for children; online art-history courses and a digital art book.[31][32]

Creative commonsEdit

The Städel Museum made more than 22,000 works in its Digital Collection available for free downloading under the Creative Commons licence CC BY-SA 4.0.[33][34]

CollectionEdit

The Städel has European paintings from seven centuries, beginning with the early 14th century, moving into Late Gothic, the Renaissance, Baroque, and into the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries.[35] The large collection of prints and drawings is not on permanent display and occupies the first floor of the museum. Works on paper not on display can be viewed by appointment.[36]

The gallery has a conservation department that performs conservation and restoration work on the collection.[37]

Temporary exhibitionsEdit

Most visited exhibitions:[38]

  • "Making Van Gogh" 2019/2020 (505,750 visitors)
  • "Monet und die Geburt des Impressionismus" 2015 (432,121 visitors)
  • "Botticelli" 2009/2010 (367,033 visitors)
  • "Dürer. Kunst – Künstler – Kontext" 2013/2014 (258,577 visitors)

Selected worksEdit

The museum also features works by the 20th-century German artist Max Beckmann, who taught at the Städelschule.[40]

GalleryEdit

DirectorsEdit

The directors of the Städel Museum:[41]

MuseumsuferEdit

Städel is part of the Museumsufer.

Museumsufer Frankfurt

Notable Museums of the Museumsufer, Frankfurt am Main
South Bank
1
Hindemith Kabinett im Kuhhirtenturm (de)
2
Icon Museum (de) (Museum of Orthodox sacred Art)
3
Portikus (Exhibition hall for contemporary art)
4
Museum Angewandte Kunst (Applied Arts)
5
Museum der Weltkulturen (Ethnological Museum)
6
Deutsches Filmmuseum (de) (German Film Museum)
7
German Architecture Museum
8
Museum für Kommunikation
9
Städel (Fine Arts Museum)
10
Liebieghaus (Classical sculpture collection)
11
Museum Giersch (Art and culture of Rhine-Main)
North Bank
12
Jewish Museum Frankfurt
13
Frankfurt Archaeological Museum (de)
14
Historical Museum, Frankfurt
15
Caricatura Museum Frankfurt
16
Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt (Art exhibition venue)
17
Museum für Moderne Kunst (Modern Art Museum)
18
Frankfurter Judengasse Museum (Preserved foundations from the Ghetto)
19
Deutsches Romantik-Museum / Goethe House
External
20
Naturmuseum Senckenberg (Westend, Frankfurt)
21
Eintracht Frankfurt Museum (Waldstadion)
22
German Leather Museum (Offenbach)
23
Klingspor Museum (Offenbach)

See alsoEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Mongi-Vollmer, Eva; Städel Museum (2007). Meisterwerke im Städel Museum ausgewählte Werke aus der Sammlung des Städel Museums (in German). Frankfurt, M. ISBN 978-3-9809701-3-6. OCLC 199141987.
  • Brinkmann, Bodo (1999). Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie Frankfurt a.M. (in German). München. ISBN 978-3-7913-2204-9. OCLC 237356740.
  • Brinkmann, Bodo; Kemperdick, Stephan; Städelsches Kunstinstitut (2005). Deutsche Gemälde im Städel 1500-1550 (in German). Mainz am Rhein: Von Zabern. ISBN 3-8053-3350-1. OCLC 60333359.
  • Brinkmann, Bodo; Sander, Jochen (1999). Deutsche Gemälde vor 1800 im Städel (in German). Frankfurt am Main: Blick in die Welt. ISBN 3-88284-003-X. OCLC 71547451.
  • Van Dyke, John Charles (1914). Munich, Frankfort, Cassel; critical notes on the Old Pinacothek, the Staedel Institute, the Cassel Royal Gallery. New York: C. Scribner's Sons. OCLC 518907.
  • Baensch, Tanja (31 December 2011). "Das Museum als "lebendiger" Körper". Museum im Widerspruch. Akademie Verlag. pp. 25–92. doi:10.1524/9783050062358.25. ISBN 978-3-05-004919-9.
  • Pollmer-Schmidt, Almut; Weber, Christiane; Wolf, Fabian; Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main (2021). Deutsche Gemälde im Städel Museum 1550–1725 (in German). Berlin. ISBN 978-3-422-98516-2. OCLC 1285908347.
  • Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main; Engler, Martin; Hollein, Max (2012). Gegenwartskunst 1945-heute im Städel Museum (in German). Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7757-3028-0. OCLC 775065939.
  • Krämer, Felix; Hollein, Max; Grobien, Felicity; Lemke, Kristina; Oehsen, Kristine von; Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main (2014). Lichtbilder : Fotografie im Städel Museum von den Anfängen bis 1960 = Photography at the Städel Museum from the beginnings to 1960. Frankfurt am Main. ISBN 978-3-941399-39-6. OCLC 890127728.
  • Meyer, Corina; Graf, Bernhard; Savoy, Bénédicte (2013). Die Geburt des bürgerlichen Kunstmuseums - Johann Friedrich Städel und sein Kunstinstitut in Frankfurt am Main (in German). Berlin. ISBN 978-3-940939-26-5. OCLC 868261686.
  • Gallwitz, Klaus; Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main (1986). Besuche im Städel : Betrachtungen zu Bildern (in German). Frankfurt am Main: Insel. ISBN 3-458-32639-1. OCLC 30099262.
  • Fleckner, Uwe; Hollein, Max (2011). Museum im Widerspruch : das Städel und der Nationalsozialismus (in German). Berlin. ISBN 978-3-05-006235-8. OCLC 754580441.
  • Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main. Graphische Sammlung; Schütt, Jutta; Sonnabend, Martin; Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main (2008). Masterpieces of the Department of Prints and Drawings : drawings, watercolours and collages. Frankfurt am Main: Städel Museum. ISBN 978-3-86568-177-5. OCLC 226372377.
  • Schiffer, Helen (2012). Augen für die Kunst - das neue Städel Fotografien von Hellen Schiffer, die für die Architekten Schneider + Schumacher die Baustelle des Städel Museums Frankfurt fotografisch begleitet hat ; 10.02.2010 bis 15.01.2012 ; [anlässlich der Eröffnung des Erweiterungsbaus, Städel Museum Frankfurt am Main] (in German). Frankfurt, M. ISBN 978-3-942921-54-1. OCLC 794943152.
  • Baldessari, John; Engler, Martin; Baumann, Jana (2015). John Baldessari : the Städel paintings. München: Hirmer Verlag GmbH. ISBN 978-3-7774-2449-1. OCLC 912278095.
  • Gaehtgens, Thomas W.; Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie (2015). ... zum Besten hiesiger Stadt und Bürgerschaft : 200 Jahre Städel; eine Festschrift (in German). München: Prestel. ISBN 978-3-7913-5452-1. OCLC 906052843.
  • "Testament von 1816 des Johann Friedrich Städel dem Stifter des Frankfurter Städel Museum". Politik - Netz-Trends (in German). 3 January 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2022.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 1782–1833: Zum Goldenen Bären, Roßmarkt 18.[14][15]
  2. ^ 1833–1878: Haus Vrints-Treuenfeld, Neue Mainzer Straße Nr. 47–49.[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Frankfurt: Das Museum in der Schublade". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). 30 October 2022. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Jahresbericht Städel 2021
  3. ^ "Das Städel Museum". hr2.de (in German). 25 July 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  4. ^ "Städel will Sammlung komplett digitalisieren". Saarbrücker Zeitung (in German). 28 December 2016. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  5. ^ Mongi-Vollmer, Eva; Städel Museum (2007). Meisterwerke im Städel Museum ausgewählte Werke aus der Sammlung des Städel Museums (in German). Frankfurt, M. p. 8. ISBN 978-3-9809701-3-6. OCLC 199141987.
  6. ^ "Städel in Frankfurt ist 'Museum des Jahres'". Abendzeitung München (in German). 29 January 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  7. ^ Schulz, Bernhard. "2012 Das Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main". Homepage der AICA Deutschland (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  8. ^ "Historic Attendance Records for Schirn, Städel, and Liebieghaus in 2012" (PDF). Städel Museum. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  9. ^ The Art Newspaper list of most-visited art museums, 30 March 2021
  10. ^ "Städel: Stiftungsbrief 1817". Frankfurter Personenlexikon (in German). Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  11. ^ Meyer, Corina (2017) The origins of the Städelschule (PDF). Retrieved 26 January 2018
  12. ^ "Städel, Johann Friedrich", Oxford Art Online, Oxford University Press, 2003, doi:10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.t080830
  13. ^ Flick, Hans; Oertzen, Christian von (12 September 2007). "Teil 1: Johann Friedrich Städel: Der lange Streit um das Vermächtnis". FAZ.NET (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  14. ^ "Städel, Johann Friedrich". Frankfurter Personenlexikon (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  15. ^ a b Press Release: Eröffnung des Städelerweiterungsbaus mit dem Sammlungsbereich "Gegenwartskunst"
  16. ^ "200 Jahre Städel – Ein Museum für alle". Deutschlandfunk Kultur (in German). 10 March 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  17. ^ "Städel Museum". Deutschlandfunk (in German). 15 March 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  18. ^ "Städel Museum". Zeitreise (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  19. ^ Finsterbusch, Stephan (7 March 2015). "Kunstmuseum: Städels Erben". FAZ.NET (in German). Retrieved 28 December 2022.
  20. ^ Frost, Reinhard. "Sommer, Oskar". Frankfurter Personenlexikon (in German). Retrieved 28 December 2022.
  21. ^ "Frankfurt 1933 -1945: Beiträge". Frankfurt 1933 -1945 (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  22. ^ Howe, Thomas Carr. 1946. Salt Mines and Castles: The Discovery and Restitution of Looted European Art. New York: Bobbs Merrill. Pages 43–46.
  23. ^ Lubitz, Alfred. "Johannes Krahn 1908". 1974. Architekten-Portrait von Jan Lubitz (in German). Retrieved 28 December 2022.
  24. ^ Mundt, Jürgen (25 February 2012). "Städel Museum". Die Welt (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  25. ^ Peichl, Gustav (1990). Städel : der Museums Erweiterungsbau von Gustav Peichl (in German). Salzburg: Residenz Verlag. ISBN 3-7017-0671-9. OCLC 25769108.
  26. ^ "Kultur: "Weiß mordet" - Die Renovierung kostete fast 26 Millionen Mark". Aktuelle News (in German). 18 November 1999. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  27. ^ "The expansion of the Städel Museums". Städel Museum. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  28. ^ "Bund Deutscher Architektinnen und Architekten BDA » Erweiterung Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main". Bund Deutscher Architektinnen und Architekten BDA (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  29. ^ "Extension of the Städel Museum". EUMiesAward. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  30. ^ "200. Geburtstag: "Das Städel wird digital erweitert"". Die Welt (in German). 26 August 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  31. ^ "Städel Museum 2.0". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  32. ^ "Online-Kurse zur Kunst: Willkommen im digitalen Museum". FAZ.NET (in German). 2 May 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  33. ^ "Creative Commons: The Städel Museum offers free access to more than 22,000 artworks". Städel Museum. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  34. ^ "Digital Collection – Städel Museum". Digital Collection. 25 December 1909. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  35. ^ Ator, Jodean (27 May 2020). "Städel Art Museum in Frankfurt". Frankfurt on Foot Walking Tours. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  36. ^ "Information & Service". Städel Museum. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  37. ^ "Forschung & Restaurierung". Städel Museum (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  38. ^ "Frankfurt liebt Van Gogh: Die meistbesuchte Ausstellung in der Geschichte des Städel". FAZ.NET (in German). 19 February 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  39. ^ "Bekanntestes Goethe-Gemälde im Städel zu sehen". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). 9 August 2007. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  40. ^ "Städel's Beckmann / Beckmann's Städel". Städel Museum. 9 December 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  41. ^ 200 Year Städel: Facts and Figures
  42. ^ "Wendelstadt, Karl Friedrich". Frankfurter Personenlexikon (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  43. ^ "Veit, Philipp". Frankfurter Personenlexikon (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  44. ^ "Weizsäcker, Heinrich". Frankfurter Personenlexikon (in German). Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  45. ^ Göpfert, Claus-Jürgen (29 April 2021). "Ein Gentleman der Kultur". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). Retrieved 30 December 2022.
  46. ^ "Max Hollein Becomes Director of the Stadel". artdaily.cc. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  47. ^ Kinsella, Eileen (24 June 2016). "Philipp Demandt Director Städel Museum-artnet News". Artnet News. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  48. ^ "Städel-Direktor Philipp Demandt bleibt länger". Süddeutsche.de (in German). 15 September 2021. Retrieved 29 December 2022.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit